Foot Soldiers for Democracy: The Men, Women, and Children of the Birmingham Civil Rights Movement

Foot Soldiers for Democracy: The Men, Women, and Children of the Birmingham Civil Rights Movement

by Horace Huntley
     
 

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ISBN-10: 0252034783

ISBN-13: 9780252034787

Pub. Date: 10/15/2009

Publisher: University of Illinois Press

Drawn from the rich archives of the Birmingham Civil Rights Institute, this collection brings together twenty-nine oral histories from people of varying ages and occupations who participated in civil rights activism at the grassroots level. These highly personal narratives convey the real sense of fear and the risk of bodily danger people had to overcome in order

Overview

Drawn from the rich archives of the Birmingham Civil Rights Institute, this collection brings together twenty-nine oral histories from people of varying ages and occupations who participated in civil rights activism at the grassroots level. These highly personal narratives convey the real sense of fear and the risk of bodily danger people had to overcome in order to become the movement's foot soldiers. The stories offer testimony as to how policing was carried out when there were no cameras, how economic terrorism was used against activists, how experiences of the movement differed depending on gender, and how youth participation was fundamental to the cause. Participants in the struggle ranged from teachers, students of all ages, and domestic workers to elderly women and men, war veterans, and a Black Panther leader. This volume demonstrates the complexity and diversity of the spirit of resistance at a formative moment in American history.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780252034787
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
Publication date:
10/15/2009
Edition description:
1st Edition
Pages:
264
Product dimensions:
6.10(w) x 9.10(h) x 1.00(d)

Table of Contents

Preface vii

Acknowledgments xii

Introduction

Foot Soldiers for Democracy Robin D. G. Kelley xiii

Look for Them in the Whirlwind Rose Freeman Massey xviii

List of Abbreviations xxv

Chronology of Events from April and May 1963 xxvi

Illustrations xxxiii

Emma Smith Young 1

Eva Lou Billingsley Russell 10

Jimmie Lucille Spencer Hooks 17

Nims E. Gay 26

James Armstrong 35

Joe Hendricks 46

James Summerville 53

Henry M. Goodgame Sr. 57

Joe N. Dickson 63

Johnnie McKinstry Summerville 78

Jonathan McPherson 82

LaVerne Revis Martin 88

Paul Littlejohn 93

Carlton Reese 97

Elizabeth Fitts 106

James Roberson 111

Annetta Streeter Gary 115

James Ware Melvin Ware 122

Willie A. Casey 126

James W. Stewart 132

Gwendolyn Sanders Gamble 142

Carolyn Maull McKinstry 150

Carl Grace 161

Malcolm Hooks 169

Miriam Taylor McClendon 174

Shirley Smith Miller 182

Washington Booker III 187

Carrie Delores Hamilton Lock 200

Audrey Faye Hendricks 208

Epilogue 213

Index 217

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