For All Peoples and All Nations: The Ecumenical Church and Human Rights

For All Peoples and All Nations: The Ecumenical Church and Human Rights

by John S. Nurser
     
 

This is the remarkable story of the early human rights movement, and of the influence of Christianity and the Christian churches on envisioning a post-WWII framework for international justice that ultimately resulted in the passing of the 1948 U.N. Declaration of Human Rights. In sum:
When Hitler and Stalin were on the prowl, several ecumenical church leaders… See more details below

Overview

This is the remarkable story of the early human rights movement, and of the influence of Christianity and the Christian churches on envisioning a post-WWII framework for international justice that ultimately resulted in the passing of the 1948 U.N. Declaration of Human Rights. In sum:
When Hitler and Stalin were on the prowl, several ecumenical church leaders in the U.S. and Europe saw that not only must they be stopped by the use of military force, but that a non-territorial and non-coercive interpretation of Christian concern for justice and the welfare of the neighbor could help shape a new global order after the war. These church leaders, led by Frederick Nolde and Searle Bates, translated the deep insights of the Christian tradition into terms that could be endorsed on inter-faith, cross-cultural, and international bases. These leaders supplied the intellectual firepower and the zeal for the cause that tirelessly prodded the heads of states and leaders of diplomatic corps to think about the formation of institutions that could most likely prevent the barbarism of Fascism and Communism from terrorizing the post-war future. Supported by the World Council of Churches, they drafted the basic designs behind the most important institutions of today's system of international law--including the 1948 U.N. Declaration of Human Rights. The rest, as they say, is history.
Social action inspired by Christian convictions has a mixed record in the modern world. Here is a case in which progressive stalwarts in the church, by articulating enduring theological principles that recognize the human dignity of each and every human being, got it right.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9781589010598
Publisher:
Georgetown University Press
Publication date:
01/05/2005
Series:
Advancing Human Rights Series
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
240
Sales rank:
1,387,120
Product dimensions:
5.90(w) x 8.90(h) x 0.60(d)

Table of Contents

Foreword David Little

PrefaceAcknowledgmentsArchives and Abbreviations

Introduction: Revisiting a Myth

PART ONE

1. The Idea: To Universalize "Christendom"

2. The Man: Fred Nolde

PART TWO

3. To Write a Just and Durable Peace

4. Mobilizing Christian Forces

5. The Joint Committee on Religious Liberty

6. Preparing for San Francisco

7. The Charter of the United Nations Organization

8. An Ecumenical Instrument

9. Finding a Text

10. Declaring Human Rights

11. Conclusion: Faith and Human Rights Need Each Other

APPENDIXES

A Extracts from the Report of the WCC-in-Formation Conference "The Churches and the International Crisis"

B Extracts from A Message from the National Study Conference on the Churches and a Just and Durable Peace

C Extract from the Minutes of the First Full Meeting of the Joint Committee on Religious Liberty

D The "Six Pillars of Peace"

E Statement on Religious Liberty

F Statement on Religious Liberty, Memorandum No. 2

G Extracts from the Report of Commission II, "The Peace Strategy of the Churches"

H Letter on Human Rights in the Charter of the United Nations

I Extracts from Concluding Remarks of J.H. Oldham and John Foster Dulles at the Final Session of the Girton College Conference

J Letter from O. Frederick Nolde to Mrs. Eleanor Roosevelt

K Extract from the Report of the Drafting Committee to the Commission on Human Rights

L Extracts from the Declaration on Religious Liberty

M Extracts from the Universal Declaration of Human Rights

BibliographyIndex

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