Foragers and Farmers: Population Interaction and Agricultural Expansion in Prehistoric Europe / Edition 2

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Overview


Susan Alling Gregg presents a sophisticated model for the transition from hunter-gatherer societies tosettled agricultural communities in prehistoric Europe. She proposes that farmers and foragers must have encountered each other and interacted in a variety of ways for over a millennium as farming systems spread throughout the continent. Several variations of subsistence developed, such as foraging and hunting for part of the year and farming for the rest, or cooperative exchange arrangements between hunter-gatherers and farmers throughout the year.

Gregg examines anthropological, ecological, and archaeological dimensions of prehistoric population interaction. She then examines the ecological requirements of both crops and livestock and, in order to identify an optimal farming strategy for Early Neolithic populations, develops a computer simulation to examine various resource mixes. Turning to the foragers, she models the effects that interaction with the farmers would have had on the foragers' subsistence-settlement system.

Supporting her model with archaeological, ecological, and ethnobotanical evidence from southwest Germany, Gregg shows that when foragers and farmers occur contemporaneously, both need to be considered before either can be understood. Theoretically and methodologically, her work builds upon earlier studies of optimal diet and foraging strategy, extending the model to food-producing populations. The applicability of Gregg's generalized model for both wild and domestic resources reaches far beyond her case study of Early Neolithic Germany; it will interest both Old and New World archaeologists.

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Editorial Reviews

Booknews
Gregg archaeology, Southern Ill. U. argues that the transition from hunter-gatherer societies to settled agricultural communities in prehistoric Europe involved a wide variety of interactions for over a millennium. She considers the ecological requirements of crops and livestock, develops a computer simulation to identify an optimal farming strategy for early Neolithic populations, and models the effects that interaction with the farmers would have had on the foragers' subsistence-settlement system. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR booknews.com
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780226307367
  • Publisher: University of Chicago Press
  • Publication date: 11/28/1988
  • Series: Prehistoric Archeology and Ecology series Series
  • Edition description: 1
  • Edition number: 2
  • Pages: 296
  • Product dimensions: 6.08 (w) x 9.05 (h) x 0.66 (d)

Meet the Author


Susal Alling Gregg is assistant professor of anthropology at the University of Washington.
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Table of Contents


List of Figures
List of Tables
Series Editors' Foreword
Preface
1. Introduction
2. Mobility, Subsistence, and Social Organization
3. Population Interaction
4. Neolithic Subsistence I: Crops
5. Neolithic Subsistence II: Livestock
6. Optimal Farming Strategies
7. Wild Resource Exploitation: Competition, Cooperation, and Interaction
8. Archaeological Implications
Appendix: Monthly Diets
Works Cited
Index
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