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Forensic Biomechanics / Edition 1
     

Forensic Biomechanics / Edition 1

1.0 1
by Jules Kieser, Michael Taylor, Debra Carr
 

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ISBN-10: 1119990114

ISBN-13: 9781119990116

Pub. Date: 12/04/2012

Publisher: Wiley

Biomechanics is the application of mechanical principles to living organisms, and it is one of the most exciting and fastest growing research areas. In forensic science, it is biomechanics that explains trauma to the body at a crime scene or the fracture of fibers and textiles, and helps interpret blood spatter. Forensic Biomechanics is a comprehensive

Overview

Biomechanics is the application of mechanical principles to living organisms, and it is one of the most exciting and fastest growing research areas. In forensic science, it is biomechanics that explains trauma to the body at a crime scene or the fracture of fibers and textiles, and helps interpret blood spatter. Forensic Biomechanics is a comprehensive overview of the role of biomechanics in forensics. Well-illustrated with real-life case studies, and using a multidisciplinary approach, this unique book is an invaluable reference for practicing forensic scientists, lawyers, and researchers.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9781119990116
Publisher:
Wiley
Publication date:
12/04/2012
Series:
Developments in Forensic Science Series
Pages:
176
Product dimensions:
6.50(w) x 9.70(h) x 0.60(d)

Table of Contents

Series Foreword ix

Acknowledgements xi

1 Introduction Jules Kieser 1

2 Basic principles of biomechanics Jules Kieser 7

2.1 Forces and motion 9

2.2 Stress and strain 12

2.3 Basics of biomechanical behaviour 17

2.4 Biomaterials and viscoelasticity 21

2.5 Acceleration and impact 25

2.6 Fracture behaviour 26

2.7 Ballistic biomechanics 29

3 Biomechanics of bone and bony trauma Jules Kieser 35

3.1 Composition of bone 37

3.2 Types of bone 38

3.3 Biomechanical properties of bone 39

3.4 Compressive and tensile fracture patterns 45

3.5 Blunt and sharp force trauma 50

3.6 Ballistic trauma 54

3.7 Living versus postmortem fracture 62

3.8 Bone fracture in infants 64

4 Biomechanics of skin and soft tissue trauma Jules Kieser 71

4.1 Structure of skin 73

4.2 Mechanical properties of skin 75

4.3 Effect of age 78

4.4 Wounding 80

4.5 Sharp force trauma 81

4.6 Blunt force trauma 85

4.7 Ballistic trauma 88

4.8 Bitemarks 92

5 The mechanics of bloodstain pattern formation Mark Jermy Michael Taylor 99

5.1 Introduction to bloodstain pattern analysis 101

5.2 Forces acting on fluids 104

5.3 Dimensionless numbers 114

5.4 Fluid properties of blood 116

5.5 The creation of droplets 118

5.6 Droplet flight 126

5.7 Droplet impact: bloodstain formation 128

6 Fibres and textiles Debra Carr 137

6.1 Introduction 139

6.2 Fabric layers 143

6.3 Fabric degradation 144

6.4 Ballistic impacts 144

6.5 Sharp impacts 146

6.6 Blunt impacts 149

6.7 Tearing 151

Acknowledgements 153

Index 159

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