Forensic Interpretation of Glass Evidence / Edition 1

Forensic Interpretation of Glass Evidence / Edition 1

by James Michael Curran
     
 

ISBN-10: 084930069X

ISBN-13: 9780849300691

Pub. Date: 06/27/2000

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

Intended for forensic scientists and students of the discipline, Foren sic Interpretation of Glass Evidence provides the practicing forensic scientist with the necessary statistical tools and methodology to intr oduce forensic glass evidence into the laboratory. With free software available for downloading at the author's Website, scientists can appl y their own

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Overview

Intended for forensic scientists and students of the discipline, Foren sic Interpretation of Glass Evidence provides the practicing forensic scientist with the necessary statistical tools and methodology to intr oduce forensic glass evidence into the laboratory. With free software available for downloading at the author's Website, scientists can appl y their own data and draw conclusions using principles practiced in th e text. This book contains an introductory chapter on glass evidence procedures and analysis before covering topics such as classical appro aches to handling glass evidence, the application of Bayesian statisti cs to forensic science, and the use of histograms.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780849300691
Publisher:
Taylor & Francis
Publication date:
06/27/2000
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
178
Product dimensions:
6.10(w) x 9.30(h) x 0.60(d)

Table of Contents

Introduction
EXAMINATION OF GLASS
History
Flat glass
Float glass
Toughened glass
Laminated glass
Glass composition
Glass breakage under impact
Physical examinations
Examinations of large fragments
Examinations performed on small and large fragments
Elemental composition
Summary of Chapter 1
THE CONVENTIONAL APPROACH TO EVIDENCE INTERPRETATION
Data comparison
Statistical tests and grouping1
Coincidence probabilities
Summary of Chapter 2
THE BAYESIAN APPROACH TO EVIDENCE INTERPRETATION
Probability - some definitions
The laws of probability
Bayesian thinking in forensic glass analysis
Taking account of further analyses
Search strategy
Comparison of measurements: the continuous approach.
Summary of Chapter 3
GLASS FOUND AT RANDOM AND FREQUENCY OF GLASS
Relevant questions
Availability
Glass found at random (clothing surveys)
Comparison between suspect and general population: an example.
Estimation of the probability of finding at random i groups of j fragments
frequency of the analyzed characteristics
Control glass data collections
Clothing surveys
Characteristics of glass found on general population
Characteristics of glass found on suspect population
Comparison between suspect and general population: an example
Summary of Chapter 4
TRANSFER AND PERSISTENCE STUDIES
Transfer of glass
Persistence of glass on garments
Main results of the studies
Modeling glass transfer and making estimates
STATISTICAL TOOLS AND SOFTWARE
Data analysis
Calculating densities by hand
Computer programs
Summary of Chapter 6
REPORTING GLASS EVIDENCE
Verbalization of a likelihood ratio answer
Sensitivity of the a likelihood ratio answer to some of the data estimates
The effect of search procedures
Fallacy of the transposed conditional
REFERENCES

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