Forensic Science Handbook Volume III / Edition 1

Forensic Science Handbook Volume III / Edition 1

by Richard Saferstein
     
 

ISBN-10: 0133253902

ISBN-13: 9780133253900

Pub. Date: 04/23/1993

Publisher: Prentice Hall

The second in a three-volume series, this popular and widely circulated professional handbook describes the theories and practices of today's criminalistics, and covers a wide range of subject areas relevant to the services rendered by crime laboratories and related facilities. Presents authoritative reviews from recognized forensic criminologists and forensic…  See more details below

Overview

The second in a three-volume series, this popular and widely circulated professional handbook describes the theories and practices of today's criminalistics, and covers a wide range of subject areas relevant to the services rendered by crime laboratories and related facilities. Presents authoritative reviews from recognized forensic criminologists and forensic scientists well-versed in their chosen areas of expertise. Considers a specific examination technique for a wide-range of evidence prevalent in the modern crime laboratory, e.g., DNA, hair, paint, soil, glass, petroleum products, explosives, alcohol in blood and breath, and questioned documents. Describes the theory, operation, and forensic utilization of such modern analytical instruments as mass spectrometry, capillary electrophoresis, high-performance liquid chromatography, and the visible microspectrophotometer. Emphasizes the symbiotic relationship between forensic science and criminal law as it examines the role and conduct of the expert witness, rules of evidence, and the legal requirements governing the admissibility of scientifically evaluated evidence. For professionals in forensic science and criminology.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780133253900
Publisher:
Prentice Hall
Publication date:
04/23/1993
Series:
Forensic Science Handbook Series
Edition description:
Older Edition
Pages:
432
Product dimensions:
6.25(w) x 9.34(h) x 0.90(d)

Table of Contents

Preface
Ch. 1Legal Standards for the Admissibility of Novel Scientific Evidence1
Factors Affecting Reliance by the Courts on Scientific Evidence2
The Motion in Limine3
Standards for Admissibility5
Ch. 2A Guide to the Analysis of Forensic Dust Specimens24
Occurrence, Collection, and Preservation of Dust Specimens26
Initial Examination30
Characterization and Identification Procedures32
Ch. 3Forensic Applications of Infrared Spectroscopy71
Theory73
Specificity and Limitations of Infrared Spectroscopy95
Instrumentation103
Sampling Techniques and Accessories116
Applications130
Future Directions159
Ch. 4Infrared Microscopy and its Forensic Applications196
Optical Design198
Spectral Measurement Methods and Sample Preparation214
Applications221
The Future245
Ch. 5Forensic Pharmacology253
Basic Principles of Pharmacology254
Other Drugs of Interest to the Forensic Scientist280
Ch. 6Deoxyribonucleic Acid Structure and Function - A Review287
Chemical Composition289
The Watson-Crick Model of DNA295
Central Dogma301
The Genetic Code302
Methylation of Bases in DNA306
Transaction and Translation307
Introns311
Chromosome Structure312
DNA Synthesis in the Cell Cycle314
Repetitious DNA323
Restriction Enzymes327
Mitochondrial DNA330
Plasmids as Gene-Cloning Vectors332
DNA Profiling (RFLP Analysis)333
DNA Sequencing337
Production of Transgenic Animals344
Gene Therapy345
Medical Benefits, Legal and Ethical Considerations346
Ch. 7Forensic DNA Typing of Highly Polymorphic VNTR LOCI358
Fundamentals of DNA Structure359
Genetic Markers Used for Forensic RFLP Typing361
The RFLP Typing Procedure363
Interpretation of RFLP Typing Results381
Validity and Reliability of RFLP Typing and Data Interpretation389
Appendix 7.1 Guidelines for a Quality Assurance Program for DNA Analysis398
Ch. 8DNA Analysis in Biological Evidence: Applications of the Polymerase Chain Reaction416
The Polymerase Chain Reaction417
Detection of Genetic Variation424
Determination of Sex and Species Origin433
Biological Evidence Analysis Using PCR435
Interpretation of Results: Statistical Considerations442
Index453

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