Forensic Science Handbook Volume III / Edition 1

Forensic Science Handbook Volume III / Edition 1

by Richard Saferstein
     
 

ISBN-10: 0133253902

ISBN-13: 9780133253900

Pub. Date: 04/23/1993

Publisher: Prentice Hall

The second in a three-volume series, this popular and widely circulated professional handbook describes the theories and practices of today's criminalistics, and covers a wide range of subject areas relevant to the services rendered by crime laboratories and related facilities. Presents authoritative reviews from recognized forensic criminologists and forensic

Overview

The second in a three-volume series, this popular and widely circulated professional handbook describes the theories and practices of today's criminalistics, and covers a wide range of subject areas relevant to the services rendered by crime laboratories and related facilities. Presents authoritative reviews from recognized forensic criminologists and forensic scientists well-versed in their chosen areas of expertise. Considers a specific examination technique for a wide-range of evidence prevalent in the modern crime laboratory, e.g., DNA, hair, paint, soil, glass, petroleum products, explosives, alcohol in blood and breath, and questioned documents. Describes the theory, operation, and forensic utilization of such modern analytical instruments as mass spectrometry, capillary electrophoresis, high-performance liquid chromatography, and the visible microspectrophotometer. Emphasizes the symbiotic relationship between forensic science and criminal law as it examines the role and conduct of the expert witness, rules of evidence, and the legal requirements governing the admissibility of scientifically evaluated evidence. For professionals in forensic science and criminology.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780133253900
Publisher:
Prentice Hall
Publication date:
04/23/1993
Series:
Forensic Science Handbook Series
Edition description:
Older Edition
Pages:
432
Product dimensions:
6.25(w) x 9.34(h) x 0.90(d)

Table of Contents

Prefacexv
Chapter 1Legal Aspects of Forensic Science1
Role and Attributes of Experts4
Trial10
Discovery and Disclosure11
The Law of Evidence18
Conclusion24
Disclaimer24
Appendix AQualifying Question Format for the Expert Witness25
Appendix BExpert Witness Affidavit27
Appendix CSubpoena Duces Tecum29
Appendix DBasic (Initial) DNA Laboratory Report Subpoena32
Chapter 2Forensic Applications of High-Performance Liquid Chromatography and Capillary Electrophoresis41
High-Performance Liquid Chromatography42
Capillary Electrophoresis69
Appendix AHPLC Troubleshooting103
Appendix BCE Troubleshooting107
Appendix CReferences for HPLC and CE111
Chapter 3Forensic Applications of Mass Spectrometry117
Sample Ionization118
Mass Analyzer133
Sample Inlets138
Data Acquisition and Processing141
Applications145
Chapter 4Forensic Glass Comparisons161
The Nature of Glass162
Glass Fractures173
Glass Particle Examinations180
Chapter 5Foundations of Forensic Microscopy215
The Scope of Microscopy in Forensic Science216
Elementary Theory of the Microscope: Light and Lenses217
Varieties of Microscopes226
Major Variants of the Compound Microscope230
Microscope Components and Performance Criteria234
Image Quality in the Compound Microscope256
Specialized Contrast Enhancement and Illumination Techniques262
A Brief Introduction to Polarized Light Microscopy269
The Microscope as a Quantitative Measuring Tool293
Microchemical Methods311
Photomicrography313
Chapter 6Visible Microscopical Spectrophotometry in the Forensic Sciences321
Background of Colorimetry: Industrial Applications and Forensic Implications323
Basic Instrumental Design Considerations330
Calibration344
Forensic Considerations354
Questioned Item Considerations358
Known Sample Considerations361
Applications363
Data Evaluation379
Testimony380
Conclusion381
Appendix ABasic Definitions383
Chapter 7The Forensic Identification and Association of Human Hair389
History390
The Pilary Apparatus391
Hair Structure392
Growth and Replacement of Hair401
Identification of Human Hair406
Association of Human Hair408
DNA413
Collection and Preservation of Evidential Hairs415
Comparative Microscopy417
Conclusions and Report Writing418
Presentation of Evidence in Court419
Chapter 8Forensic Pain Examination429
Paint Chemistry431
Forensic Examination of Architectural Paints458
Forensic Examination of Automotive Paints469
Forensic Examination of Artists' Paints471
Evidential Value of Paint472
Chapter 9Arson and Explosive Investigation479
The Fire Scene Investigation: Collecting Fire Scene Evidence480
Laboratory Examination of Fire Debris484
Examination of Explosives and Explosives Residues498
Analysis and Characterization of Explosive Materials and Residues510
Conclusion518
Chapter 10Modern Forensic Biology525
Examining Evidence and Removing Biological Stains527
Locating and Identifying Biological Stains of Forensic Significance531
Identifying the Biological Origin of Stains: Species Identification546
Individualization553
Appendix AForensic STR Loci595
Chapter 11Forensic Examination of Soil615
Overview of Examination and Analysis of Soils618
Micromeritics621
Density Separation by Heavy Liquids622
Light Microscopy622
Special Methods in Light Microscopy625
Electron Microscopy626
Nonmicroscopy Methods of Analysis626
Chemical Methods of Analysis627
Procedures629
Analysis and Data Reduction631
The Future631
Chapter 12The Determination of Alcohol in Blood and Breath635
The Pharmacology and Toxicology of Alcohol638
Analysis of Blood and Other Biological Specimens651
The Testing of Breath663
Alcohol and the Law686
Chapter 13Questioned Document Examination697
The Examiner of Questioned Documents699
Required Laboratory Equipment701
Preliminary Examination of Questioned Documents705
Traditional Document Examination710
Ink Examination727
Paper Comparison and Dating738
Pencil Lead Examinations742
Index745

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