Forensic Science: From Fibers to Fingerprints

Overview

Milestones in Discovery and Invention is an eight-volume set based on a simple yet powerful idea-that science and technology are integral to people's daily lives in terms of how they understand the world and each other. Combining biography, scientific reasoning, and history, each volume describes the flow of scientific and technological ideas through the innovations that affected society and made further research possible.

Forensic Science is a fascinating overview of 13 ...

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Overview

Milestones in Discovery and Invention is an eight-volume set based on a simple yet powerful idea-that science and technology are integral to people's daily lives in terms of how they understand the world and each other. Combining biography, scientific reasoning, and history, each volume describes the flow of scientific and technological ideas through the innovations that affected society and made further research possible.

Forensic Science is a fascinating overview of 13 individuals who contributed significantly to the development of forensic science. Each chapter contains relevant information on the person's research, accomplishments, ethical or professional obstacles, and lasting contributions and concludes with a chronology and a list of particular print and Internet references.

The individuals (and their areas of research or accomplishment) are: Mathieu Orfila and James Marsh (poison detection), Francis Galton and Edward Henry (fingerprinting), Karl Landsteiner (blood), Alexandre Lacassagne and Edmond Locard (laboratory settings), Calvin Goddard (ballistics), Leonarde Keeler (the polygraph), Lawrence Kersta (voice identification), Clyde Snow (forensic anthropology), William Bass (determining the time of death), Alec Jeffreys (DNA profiling).

Forensic Science includes 40 black-and-white photographs and line illustrations, a glossary, a chronology of notable events in forensic science, a list of print and Internet resources, and an index. Milestones in Discovery and Invention is an essential set for students, teachers, and general readers that provides insight into the human quest for understanding, exploration, and innovation.

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Editorial Reviews

Children's Literature - RevaBeth Russell
Because of the popular media, forensic science is the hot topic of the day. People wear T-shirts and hats showing their interest. This book illustrates that a crime is not solved in a fifty-five-minute glamorous TV segment. Lisa Yount gives us the best background for the science that is used in forensics, including toxicology, fingerprinting, and voice prints that I have ever read in such a short easy to read book. As with her other books, Lisa Yount verbally paints these people with color and interest. Each technology has a chronology given, highlighting the technology and the inventor. This book is more than an introductory book on forensics. It goes into fascinating details and history that would enhance any classroom or home and would enlighten any reader. The illustrations and pictures add a great deal to the understanding of the text. I would recommend this book to anyone who enjoys CSI or one of its clones.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780816057511
  • Publisher: Chelsea House Publishers
  • Publication date: 12/28/2006
  • Series: Milestones in Discovery and Invention Series
  • Edition description: 1ST
  • Pages: 224
  • Sales rank: 1,043,803
  • Age range: 12 - 17 Years
  • Product dimensions: 6.10 (w) x 9.20 (h) x 0.80 (d)

Table of Contents


Preface     vii
Acknowledgments     xi
Introduction     xiii
Deadly Powder: Mathieu Orfila, James Marsh, and Detection of Poisons     1
Founding a Science     2
A Sensitive Test     4
Pretty Poisoner     6
A Legacy of Students     8
Connections: Was Napoleon Poisoned?     9
Modern Poison Detection     11
Chronology     11
Further Reading     13
Arches, Loops, and Whorls: Francis Gallon, Edward Henry, and Fingerprinting     15
Wordless Signatures     15
Mark of a Thief     17
A Society of Strangers     18
Measuring Criminals     19
Scientific Study     20
Other Scientists: Alphonse Bertillon (1853-1914)     21
Social Impact: Eugenics     25
A Better System     26
Fingerprinting Takes Over     27
Fingerprinting Today     30
Issues: How Reliable Are Fingerprints?     31
Chronology     32
Further Reading     35
The Language of Blood: Karl Landsteiner and Blood Types     38
A Risky Procedure     38
Clues to a Puzzle     40
Four Types of Blood     40
Testing Blood to Solve Crimes     43
Connections: Blood Transfusions in World War II     44
A Delayed Reward     46
"Blood Fingerprints"     47
Spatter Tells a Story     48
Chronology     49
Further Reading     52
Every Contact Leaves a Trace: Alexandre Lacassagne, Edmond Locard, and Forensic Science Laboratories     54
A Careful Investigator     54
Other Scientists: Hans Gross (1847-1915)     56
Two Famous Cases     56
The First Forensic Science Laboratory     59
Connections: Modern Forensic Science Laboratories     60
Telltale Dust     61
Parallels: Sherlock Holmes, Fictional Forensic Scientist     61
Clues to Identity     63
The Exchange Principle     64
Secrets in Trace Evidence     65
Chronology     66
Further Reading     68
The Name on the Bullet: Calvin Goddard and Firearms Identification     69
From Medicine to Murder     69
An Unjust Conviction     70
Setting up a New Science     72
A Disputed Verdict     73
Parallels: Tracking a Shootout     76
Death on Valentine's Day     78
Return to the Army     79
Trends: Murders by Firearms     79
Forensic Ballistics Today     82
Chronology     83
Further Reading     86
Liar, Liar: Leonarde Keeler and the Polygraph     88
The First Lie Detectors     88
Connections: Wonder Woman and Her Magic Lasso     90
The Frye Decision     90
Keeler Improves the Polygraph     91
Popularizing the Lie Detector     92
The Polygraph Test     93
True or False?     95
Polygraph Evidence in Court     96
I Was There: The "Unbeatable" Machine     97
Issues: Screening for Spies     98
Other Ways to Spot Lying     99
Chronology     100
Further Reading     102
Voiceprints: Lawrence Kersta and Voice Identification     104
Visual Speech     104
The Sound Spectrograph     106
Spoken "Fingerprints"     108
Unique Voices     109
Connections: Computer Voice Recognition     110
Voiceprints in Court     111
"Garbage in, Garbage out"      112
Analyzing Spectrograms     114
How Accurate Is Voice Identification?     115
Chronology     116
Further Reading     117
Bone Biographies: Clyde Snow and Forensic Anthropology     119
Sampling Careers     120
The Stories Bones Tell     121
Solving Problems: Measuring Bones     125
The Flight 191 Disaster     126
Putting a Face on Murder     126
Identifying the "Angel of Death"     129
The Disappeared     131
Seeking Justice     132
I Was There: The Students' First Body     133
Mass Graves around the World     134
Chronology     135
Further Reading     137
The Body Farm: William Bass and Determining Time of Death     140
Hooked on Bones     141
Ants Solve a Mystery     142
Inspiration from a Dead Cow     143
Bodies in a Barn     143
A Spectacular Mistake     144
Founding the "Body Farm"     145
Parades of Insects     147
A Best Seller Brings Fame     149
A Kind of Immortality     150
Solving Problems: Research for a Mystery Writer     151
Chronology     152
Further Reading     154
The Ultimate Identifier: Alec Jeffreys and DNA Profiling     156
Presents Spark a Career     157
A "Eureka!" Moment     159
Reuniting a Family     160
Freeing an Innocent Man     161
Connections: The Innocence Project     162
Dragnet of Blood     163
Improving the Test     164
Other Scientists: Mary-Claire King (1946-)     168
DNA Databases     169
The Jewel in the Crown     169
Social Impact: Boon to Detectives or Threat to Privacy?     170
Chronology     171
Further Reading     173
Chronology     176
Glossary     181
Further Resources     192
Index     199
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