Forest Development: Succession, Environmental Stress and Forest Management Case Studies

Overview

Forest ecosystems are characterized by a steady change in their structure of function. Natural developments are more and more radically disturbed by human impact. Air pollution leads to soil acidification, change in nutrient budget and to a decreasing vitality of the trees. Forest management can prevent natural succession and often leads to less stable forests. In this book, selected results of 10 years of interdisciplinary ecosystem research are presented. Not only growth and physiological reactions on ...

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Overview

Forest ecosystems are characterized by a steady change in their structure of function. Natural developments are more and more radically disturbed by human impact. Air pollution leads to soil acidification, change in nutrient budget and to a decreasing vitality of the trees. Forest management can prevent natural succession and often leads to less stable forests. In this book, selected results of 10 years of interdisciplinary ecosystem research are presented. Not only growth and physiological reactions on environmental stress, but also natural succession processes are described and analysed. Besides the description of forest development processes, based on longterm experiments and observation, conclusions for practical forest management are given.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher

From the reviews:

"The book presents 9 papers from 16 German scientists on several aspects of forest development. … The main contribution of the book is to gather a number of long-term case studies … ." (Nathalie Bréda, Annals of Forest Science, Issue 5, 2003)

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9783642628573
  • Publisher: Springer Berlin Heidelberg
  • Publication date: 12/31/2013
  • Edition description: Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 2002
  • Pages: 221
  • Product dimensions: 6.14 (w) x 9.21 (h) x 0.51 (d)

Table of Contents

Content.- 1 Forest succession and water resources: soil hydrology and ecosystem water turnover in early, mid and late stages of a 300-yr-long chronosequence on sandy soil.- 1.1 Introduction.- 1.2 Methods.- 1.2.1 Study sites.- 1.2.2 Hydrological methods.- 1.3 Water resources during forest succession.- 1.4 Changes in soil hydrology.- 1.4.1 Soil physical properties.- 1.4.2 Soil water content.- 1.4.3 Soil matric potential.- 1.5 Changes in ecosystem water turnover.- 1.5.1 Canopy interception, throughfall and stemflow.- 1.5.2 Stand evapotranspiration.- 1.5.3 Water turnover in the organic layers.- 1.5.4 Drainage and ecosystem water balance.- 1.6 Discussion.- References.- 2 Environmental impacts on forest ecosystems.- 2.1 Manipulation of nutrient and water input of a Norway spruce ecosystem.- A. Dohrenbusch, M. Bredemeier, N. Lamersdorf.- 2.1.1 Introduction and objectives.- 2.1.2 Materials.- 2.1.3 Methods.- References.- 2.2 Effects of nutrient and water supply on growth and seed production of a Norway spruce stand.- A. Dohrenbusch, S. Jaehne, A. C. Meyer.- 2.2.1 Introduction.- 2.2.2 Material and Methods.- 2.2.3 Results.- 2.2.4 Discussion.- References.- 2.3 Vitality and nutrient level of Norway spruce trees under changed environmental conditions.- A. Dohrenbusch, S. Jaehne, H. W. Fritz.- 2.3.1 Material and Methods.- 2.3.2 Results.- 2.3.3 Discussion.- References.- 3 Effects of management practices on ecosystem processes in European beech forests.- 3.1 Effects of group selection and liming on nutrient cycling in an European beech forest on acidic soil.- N. Bartsch, J. Bauhus, T. Vor.- 3.1.1 Introduction.- 3.1.2 Study area.- 3.1.3 Experimental design and methods.- 3.1.4 Microclima and soil water.- 3.1.5 Nutrient storage in ground vegetation and beech regeneration.- 3.1.6 Litter fall.- 3.1.7 Soil fauna.- 3.1.8 Mineralization.- 3.1.9 Element fluxes in precipitation.- 3.1.10 Soil solution.- 3.1.11 Input-output budgets.- 3.1.12 Nitrogen standing sks and fluxes.- 3.1.13 Conclusions.- References.- 3.2 Canopy disintegration and effects on element budgets in a nitrogen-saturated beech stand.- J. Godt.- 3.2.1 Introduction.- 3.2.2 Objectives.- 3.2.3 Methods and site description.- 3.2.4 Results.- 3.2.5 Discussion.- References.- 4 Forest restoration on degraded sites.- 4.1 Amelioration of an acid forest soil by surface and subsurface liming and fertiliser application.- K. J. Meiwes.- 4.1.1 Introduction.- 4.1.2 Materials and methods.- 4.1.3 Results and discussion.- 4.1.4. Practical implications.- 4.1.5. Conclusions.- References.- 4.2 Effects of soil amelioration on growth and nutrient supply of different tree species.- A. Dohrenbusch, J. Kumke, G. Mackenthun.- 4.2.1 Introduction.- 4.2.2 Methods and material.- 4.2.3 Results.- 4.2.4 Discussion.- 4.2.5 Conclusions.- References.- 4.3 Agricultural herbs as auxiliary plants in stand establishment.- A. Roloff, J. Linke.- 4.3.1 Introduction.- 4.3.2 Forest community and trial plots.- 4.3.3 Methods.- 4.3.4 Results.- 4.3.5 Conclusions.- References.

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