Forests in Time: The Environmental Consequences of 1,000 Years of Change in New England

Forests in Time: The Environmental Consequences of 1,000 Years of Change in New England

by David R. Foster
     
 


The Eastern Hemlock, massive and majestic, has played a unique role in structuring northeastern forest environments, from Nova Scotia to Wisconsin and through the Appalachian Mountains to North Carolina, Tennessee, and Alabama. A “foundation species” influencing all the species in the ecosystem surrounding it, this iconic North American tree has long… See more details below

Overview


The Eastern Hemlock, massive and majestic, has played a unique role in structuring northeastern forest environments, from Nova Scotia to Wisconsin and through the Appalachian Mountains to North Carolina, Tennessee, and Alabama. A “foundation species” influencing all the species in the ecosystem surrounding it, this iconic North American tree has long inspired poets and artists as well as naturalists and scientists.

Five thousand years ago, the hemlock collapsed as a result of abrupt global climate change.  Now this iconic tree faces extinction once again because of an invasive insect, the hemlock woolly adelgid. Drawing from a century of studies at Harvard University’s Harvard Forest, one of the most well-regarded long-term ecological research programs in North America, the authors explore what hemlock’s modern decline can tell us about the challenges facing nature and society in an era of habitat changes and fragmentation, as well as global change.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780300115376
Publisher:
Yale University Press
Publication date:
04/11/2006
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
496
Product dimensions:
6.20(w) x 9.20(h) x 1.10(d)

Meet the Author


David Foster, Audrey Barker Plotkin, Anthony D’Amato, Ben Baiser, Aaron Ellison, David Orwig, Wyatt Oswald, and Jonathan Thompson are scientific collaborators and colleagues at Harvard University’s Harvard Forest.

Table of Contents

Preface
Acknowledgments
IA Research Program on Forest Ecology and Change1
1Background and Framework for Long-Term Ecological Research3
2The Physical and Biological Setting for Ecological Studies19
3Biogeochemistry: The Physiology of Ecosystems32
IIRegional History and Landscape Dynamics41
4The Environmental and Human History of New England43
5Broadscale Forest Response to Land Use and Climate Change101
6Long-Term Forest and Landscape Dynamics125
7Wildlife Dynamics in the Changing New England Landscape142
IIIThe Modern Forest Landscape: Legacies of Historical Change169
8Forest Landscape Patterns, Structure, and Composition171
9Land-Use Legacies in Soil Properties and Nutrients189
10Exchanges between the Forest and the Atmosphere202
IVUnderstanding Forest Ecosystem Dynamics through Long-Term Experiments231
11Simulating a Catastrophic Hurricane235
12Exploring the Process of Nitrogen Saturation259
13Soil Warming: A Major Consequence of Global Climate Change280
14Comparisons between Physical Disturbances and Novel Stresses296
15The DIRT Experiment: Litter and Root Influences on Forest Soil Organic Matter Stocks and Function300
16Experimental Approaches to Understanding Forest Regeneration316
17Synthesis and Extrapolation: Models, Remote Sensing, and Regional Analysis338
VLessons from the Forest and Its History363
18Insights for Ecology and Conservation367
19The Harvard Forest and Understanding the Global Carbon Budget380
20The Long Lens of History394
Bibliographic Essay401
Bibliography425
Contributors463
Index467

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