Forests in Time: The Environmental Consequences of 1,000 Years of Change in New England

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This seminal book, based on innovative research at Harvard Forest, describes the dramatic natural and human-induced changes in the land and environment of New England over the past 1,000 years.
“An important and timely addition to a growing literature that documents change and, by implication, underlines our responsibilities to that thing out there that we call ‘nature.’”—Michael Williams, Science
“A must-read for anyone interested in the study of historical forest ecology and anthropogenic impacts on ecosystem dynamics.”—Marc D. Abrams, BioScience

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780300115376
  • Publisher: Yale University Press
  • Publication date: 4/11/2006
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Pages: 496
  • Product dimensions: 6.20 (w) x 9.20 (h) x 1.10 (d)

Meet the Author

David R. Foster is director of the Harvard Forest at Harvard University and principal investigator of its Long Term Ecological Research program. John D. Aber is a professor in the Institute for the Study of Earth, Oceans and Space and the Department of Natural Resources at the University of New Hampshire.

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Table of Contents

I A Research Program on Forest Ecology and Change 1
1 Background and Framework for Long-Term Ecological Research 3
2 The Physical and Biological Setting for Ecological Studies 19
3 Biogeochemistry: The Physiology of Ecosystems 32
II Regional History and Landscape Dynamics 41
4 The Environmental and Human History of New England 43
5 Broadscale Forest Response to Land Use and Climate Change 101
6 Long-Term Forest and Landscape Dynamics 125
7 Wildlife Dynamics in the Changing New England Landscape 142
III The Modern Forest Landscape: Legacies of Historical Change 169
8 Forest Landscape Patterns, Structure, and Composition 171
9 Land-Use Legacies in Soil Properties and Nutrients 189
10 Exchanges between the Forest and the Atmosphere 202
IV Understanding Forest Ecosystem Dynamics through Long-Term Experiments 231
11 Simulating a Catastrophic Hurricane 235
12 Exploring the Process of Nitrogen Saturation 259
13 Soil Warming: A Major Consequence of Global Climate Change 280
14 Comparisons between Physical Disturbances and Novel Stresses 296
15 The DIRT Experiment: Litter and Root Influences on Forest Soil Organic Matter Stocks and Function 300
16 Experimental Approaches to Understanding Forest Regeneration 316
17 Synthesis and Extrapolation: Models, Remote Sensing, and Regional Analysis 338
V Lessons from the Forest and Its History 363
18 Insights for Ecology and Conservation 367
19 The Harvard Forest and Understanding the Global Carbon Budget 380
20 The Long Lens of History 394
Bibliographic Essay 401
Bibliography 425
Contributors 463
Index 467
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