The Forgotten Man: A New History of the Great Depression

( 139 )

Overview

It's difficult today to imagine how America survived the Great Depression. Only through the stories of the common people who struggled during that era can we really understand how the nation endured. These are the people at the heart of Amity Shlaes's insightful and inspiring history of one of the most crucial events of the twentieth century.

In The Forgotten Man, Amity Shlaes, one of the nation's most respected economic commentators, offers a striking reinterpretation of the ...

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Overview

It's difficult today to imagine how America survived the Great Depression. Only through the stories of the common people who struggled during that era can we really understand how the nation endured. These are the people at the heart of Amity Shlaes's insightful and inspiring history of one of the most crucial events of the twentieth century.

In The Forgotten Man, Amity Shlaes, one of the nation's most respected economic commentators, offers a striking reinterpretation of the Great Depression. Rejecting the old emphasis on the New Deal, she turns to the neglected and moving stories of individual Americans, and shows how through brave leadership they helped establish the steadfast character we developed as a nation. Some of those figures were well known, at least in their day—Andrew Mellon, the Greenspan of the era; Sam Insull of Chicago, hounded as a scapegoat. But there were also unknowns: the Schechters, a family of butchers in Brooklyn who dealt a stunning blow to the New Deal; Bill W., who founded Alcoholics Anonymous in the name of showing that small communities could help themselves; and Father Divine, a black charismatic who steered his thousands of followers through the Depression by preaching a Gospel of Plenty.

Shlaes also traces the mounting agony of the New Dealers themselves as they discovered their errors. She shows how both Presidents Hoover and Roosevelt failed to understand the prosperity of the 1920s and heaped massive burdens on the country that more than offset the benefit of New Deal programs. The real question about the Depression, she argues, is not whether Roosevelt ended it with World War II. It is why the Depression lasted so long. From 1929 to 1940, federal intervention helped to make the Depression great—in part by forgetting the men and women who sought to help one another.

Authoritative, original, and utterly engrossing, The Forgotten Man offers an entirely new look at one of the most important periods in our history. Only when we know this history can we understand the strength of American character today.

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Editorial Reviews

Publishers Weekly

This breezy narrative comes from the pen of a veteran journalist and economics reporter. Rather than telling a new story, she tells an old one (scarcely lacking for historians) in a fresh way. Shlaes brings to the tale an emphasis on economic realities and consequences, especially when seen from the perspective of monetarist theory, and a focus on particular individuals and events, both celebrated and forgotten (at least relatively so). Thus the spotlight plays not only on Andrew Mellon, Wendell Wilkie and Rexford Tugwell but also on Father Divine and the Schechter brothers—kosher butcher wholesalers prosecuted by the federal National Recovery Administration for selling "sick chickens." As befits a former writer for the Wall Street Journal, Shlaes is sensitive to the dangers of government intervention in the economy—but also to the danger of the government's not intervening. In her telling, policymakers of the 1920s weren't so incompetent as they're often made out to be—everyone in the 1930s was floundering and all made errors—and WWII, not the New Deal, ended the Depression. This is plausible history, if not authoritative, novel or deeply analytical. It's also a thoughtful, even-tempered corrective to too often unbalanced celebrations of FDR and his administration's pathbreaking policies. 16 pages of b&w photos. (June 12)

Copyright 2007 Reed Business Information
Forbes Magazine
Many histories have been written about the Great Depression, the most searing economic cataclysm this country--and most of the world--has ever endured. Its most disastrous result, of course, was facilitating the rise of Adolf Hitler in Germany. But Amity Shlaes' new book stands head and shoulders above previous efforts in two profound, insightful ways. (23 Jul 2007)
—Steve Forbes
Library Journal
Revisionist history from Bloomberg syndicated columnist Shlaes, who argues that federal intervention helped prolong the Great Depression. Copyright 2007 Reed Business Information.
Kirkus Reviews
Shlaes (The Greedy Hand, 1999, etc.), a senior visiting fellow at the Council on Foreign Relations and a columnist at Bloomberg, brings to the Great Depression a flair for revealing anecdotes and a debater's moxie that slides into contrarianism. According to the author, from the Great Crash of 1929 until 1940, government intervention made the Depression an unprecedented national calamity. While liberal historians unfavorably contrast Herbert Hoover with Franklin Roosevelt, Shlaes takes the former engineer to task for a similarity to his successor: an overestimation of the value of government planning. The result: the end of sizable gains, courtesy of tax-cutting policies, under Presidents Harding and Coolidge. All of this requires revisionism so massive that Shlaes' powers of persuasion become as hit-or-miss as the liberal programs she criticizes. She is at her best in detailing the decade-long disillusionment of a group of academics, journalists, trade-union leaders and liberal activists who sailed to the U.S.S.R. in 1927 to observe communism in action, including future FDR adviser Rexford Guy Tugwell, economist and future senator Paul Douglas and ACLU founder Roger Baldwin. Her profile of the Schechters-a pro-Roosevelt family of butchers who successfully overturned the National Industrial Recovery Act before the Supreme Court-demonstrates her point that the "forgotten man" was really the small businessman trying to survive without government aid. But Shlaes' other examples suggest that it was the type-rather than the fact-of government intervention that was the real problem in the 1930s. The Smoot-Hawley tariff signed by Hoover, for instance, deprived businesses of foreign markets, butFDR's Securities and Exchange Commission stabilized the economy. Equally problematic, Shlaes' heroes come largely unblemished. While noting FDR's politically motivated tax prosecution of Andrew Mellon, Treasury Secretary during the 1920s boom, she underplays Mellon's culpability on conflict-of-interest charges. Plucky, intellectual combat, but Shlaes neglects to counter the most telling arguments about GOP responsibility for the Depression. Agent: Sarah Chalfant/Wylie Agency
The American Spectator
“Entertaining, illuminating, and exceedingly fair. . . . A rich, wonderfully original, and extremely textured history of an important time.
The Wall Street Journal
“A well-written and stimulating account of the 1930s and its often dubious orthodoxies. . . . Ms. Shlaes rightly reminds us of the harmful effect of Rooseveltian activism and class-warfare rhetoric.”
National Review
“The finest history of the Great Depression ever written. . . . Shlaes’s achievement stands out for the devastating effect of its understated prose and for its wide sweep of characters and themes. It deserves to become the preeminent revisionist history for general readers. . . . Her narrative sparkles.”
The New York Review of Books
“Amity Shlaes tells the story of the Depression in splendid detail, rich with events and personalities. . . . Many of Shlaes’s descriptions make genuinely delightful reading.”
Arthur Levitt
“I could not put this book down. Ms. Shlaes timely chronicle of a fascinating era reads like a novel and brings a new perspective on political villains and heros—few of whom turn out to be as good or bad as history would have us believe.”
George F. Will
“Americans need what Shlaes has brilliantly supplied, a fresh appraisal of what the New Deal did and did not accomplish.”
Mark Helprin
The Forgotten Man offers an understanding of the era’s politics and economics that may be unprecedented in its clarity.”
Paul Volcker
“Amity Shlaes’s fast-paced review of the [Depression] helps enormously in putting it all in perspective.”
Peggy Noonan
The Forgotten Man is an epic and wholly original retelling of a dramatic and crucial era. There are many sides to the 1930’s story, and this is the one that has largely been lost to history. Thanks to Amity Shlaes, now it’s been re-found.”
Paul Johnson
“Amity Shlaes is among the most brilliant of the young writers who are transforming American financial journalism.”
Harold Evans
The Forgotten Man is an incisive and controversial history of the Great Depression that challenges much of the received wisdom.”
William Kristol
“Shlaes’s account of The Great Depression goes beyond the familiar arguments of liberals and conservatives.”
Clive Crook
“Captivating. . . . Illuminating. . . . The Forgotten Man is an engaging read and a welcome corrective to the popular view of Roosevelt and his New Deal. . . . A refreshingly critical approach to Franklin Roosevelt’s policies.”
Grover G. Norquist
The Forgotten Man by Amity Shlaes will forever change how America understands the causes of the Depression and FDR’s policies that prolonged it for a decade.”
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780060936426
  • Publisher: HarperCollins Publishers
  • Publication date: 5/27/2008
  • Edition description: Reprint
  • Pages: 512
  • Sales rank: 93,666
  • Product dimensions: 5.20 (w) x 7.90 (h) x 1.30 (d)

Meet the Author

Amity Shlaes serves as chairman of the board of the Calvin Coolidge Memorial Foundation, directs the Four Percent Growth Project at the George W. Bush Presidential Center, and writes a syndicated column for Forbes. She is the author of The Forgotten Man and The Greedy Hand.

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Read an Excerpt

The Forgotten Man
A New History of the Great Depression

Chapter One

The Beneficent Hand

January 1927
Average unemployment (year): 3.3 percent
Dow Jones Industrial Average: 155

Floods change the course of history, and the Flood of 1927 was no exception. When the waters of the Mississippi broke through banks and levees that spring, the disaster was enormous. A wall of water pushed down the river, covering the area where nearly a million lived. Commerce Secretary Herbert Hoover raced to Memphis and took command. Hoover talked railroads into transporting the displaced for free and carrying freight at a discount. He commandeered private outboard motors and built motorboats of plywood. He urged the people who were not yet flooded out, such as the population around the Bayou des Glaises levee, to evacuate early, then rescued with the trains those tens of thousands who had ignored his warning. He helped the Red Cross launch a fund drive; within a month the charity had already collected promises of more than $8 million, an enormous figure for the time.

Several hundred thousand ended up in new refugee camps, many planned, right down to the latrines, by Hoover and his team. Hoover asked governors of each state to name a dictator of resources—he used the word "dictator"—and the governors complied. The dictators then managed the dysentery and the hunts for the missing along the floodwaters in their states hour by hour. He and the Red Cross sent the refugees to concentration camps—a phrase not so freighted then as it is today—at Vicksburg, Delta, and Natchez. One hundred thousand blankets from army warehouseswere shipped to warm the refugees.

Things felt calmer on Hoover's watch. By mid-May, though the flooding was far from over, the anecdotes began to compete in the news with the reports of tragedy. Northerners read in Time magazine that a town called Waterproof, Louisiana, had not proven waterproof, and that its switchboard operators were still working—albeit from new posts, high up above the waters, on scaffolding. Not far from Memphis, Tennessee, bootleggers had also set up shop on high, in treetops. New babies were receiving flood names—Highwater Jones, Overflow Johnson. Now from Memphis, now from Little Rock, now from the Sugar Bowl, the itinerant flood manager, Hoover, wired or broadcast his analyses of the meaning of the disaster. Such flooding, he said, "is a national problem and must be solved nationally and vigorously." But the commerce secretary also spent a lot of time reassuring. The waters might hide the land, the crops might be lost, but the mood was now hopeful. More than any single figure, Hoover was succeeding in making Americans feel that the South would be all right again.

Hoover was already so famous that his name was a verb—to Hooverize, after the efforts in food rationing that he had led from a post as Washington's food administrator at the end of World War I. Americans recalled that he had led the humanitarian drive to feed occupied Belgium during the war. Now Hoover had outdone himself—and on a home territory whose geographic area covered more than Belgium's. What the public liked about Hoover was their sense of him as guardian, that he would protect them and what they had. If Hoover could win the presidential election the following year, then he might hold back whatever waters of adversity threatened. He was a Republican, like the sitting president, Calvin Coolidge. He would pick up where Coolidge left off—though he might update things, for everyone knew that Hoover, a mining engineer, could do amazing things with technology. One of Hoover's neatest feats—and he pulled it off right around the time of the flood—was to acquaint the public with an early version of television. "Herbert Hoover made a speech in Washington yesterday afternoon. An audience in New York heard and saw him," the New York Times wrote in awe, adding that Hoover had "annihilated" geographic distance and commenting in a headline: "Like a Photo Come to Life." It was not yet modern television but wired images and the telephone combined. Still, the idea took hold in the minds of the reporters. Under Hoover, it was easy to believe that the 1920s were merely the American beginning.

The idea of philosophical continuity from Coolidge to Hoover seemed ironic to one man: Calvin Coolidge himself. The two were party allies. Hoover had loyally campaigned for Coolidge in 1924—indeed, had helped to defeat a Coolidge opponent in 1924 in California to clear the Republican presidential nomination for Coolidge. But Coolidge did not especially like Hoover. In the very period when the Mississippi waters were rushing, in fact, Coolidge's press spokesman had taken an explicit shot at Hoover, telling reporters that the commerce secretary would not be considered for the job opening if the secretary of state happened to retire.

The differences between the men had started with small things. Hoover was a fly fisherman. Coolidge fished with worms. Hoover liked the microphone. Coolidge shied away from it. After a landslide presidential victory in 1924 Coolidge had sent a clerk to read aloud his State of the Union address. Hoover ignored politics for the first thirty-five years of his life. Coolidge held his first office, that of city council member in Northampton, Massachusetts, at the age of twenty-eight, and had rarely been out of government since. Hoover was a mining engineer; Coolidge was a country lawyer. Hoover was a worldly American, a blend of regions and cities, the most successful in his field of his generation. He believed in the Anglo-American gold standard, not only because it had made him rich but because he had seen firsthand how it kept the world running, like a grandfather clock. Coolidge was a pure New Englander who seemed to re-create New England wherever he went. The very concept of "overseas" was a bit vague to Coolidge. The typical Republican of his day, he supported tariffs in the belief that they strengthened the United States. His failure to recognize the consequences of his policies, both abroad and for his country, was his greatest shortcoming.

The Forgotten Man
A New History of the Great Depression
. Copyright © by Amity Shlaes. Reprinted by permission of HarperCollins Publishers, Inc. All rights reserved. Available now wherever books are sold.
Read More Show Less

First Chapter

The Forgotten Man
A New History of the Great Depression

Chapter One

The Beneficent Hand

January 1927
Average unemployment (year): 3.3 percent
Dow Jones Industrial Average: 155

Floods change the course of history, and the Flood of 1927 was no exception. When the waters of the Mississippi broke through banks and levees that spring, the disaster was enormous. A wall of water pushed down the river, covering the area where nearly a million lived. Commerce Secretary Herbert Hoover raced to Memphis and took command. Hoover talked railroads into transporting the displaced for free and carrying freight at a discount. He commandeered private outboard motors and built motorboats of plywood. He urged the people who were not yet flooded out, such as the population around the Bayou des Glaises levee, to evacuate early, then rescued with the trains those tens of thousands who had ignored his warning. He helped the Red Cross launch a fund drive; within a month the charity had already collected promises of more than $8 million, an enormous figure for the time.

Several hundred thousand ended up in new refugee camps, many planned, right down to the latrines, by Hoover and his team. Hoover asked governors of each state to name a dictator of resources—he used the word "dictator"—and the governors complied. The dictators then managed the dysentery and the hunts for the missing along the floodwaters in their states hour by hour. He and the Red Cross sent the refugees to concentration camps—a phrase not so freighted then as it is today—at Vicksburg, Delta, and Natchez. One hundred thousand blankets from armywarehouses were shipped to warm the refugees.

Things felt calmer on Hoover's watch. By mid-May, though the flooding was far from over, the anecdotes began to compete in the news with the reports of tragedy. Northerners read in Time magazine that a town called Waterproof, Louisiana, had not proven waterproof, and that its switchboard operators were still working—albeit from new posts, high up above the waters, on scaffolding. Not far from Memphis, Tennessee, bootleggers had also set up shop on high, in treetops. New babies were receiving flood names—Highwater Jones, Overflow Johnson. Now from Memphis, now from Little Rock, now from the Sugar Bowl, the itinerant flood manager, Hoover, wired or broadcast his analyses of the meaning of the disaster. Such flooding, he said, "is a national problem and must be solved nationally and vigorously." But the commerce secretary also spent a lot of time reassuring. The waters might hide the land, the crops might be lost, but the mood was now hopeful. More than any single figure, Hoover was succeeding in making Americans feel that the South would be all right again.

Hoover was already so famous that his name was a verb—to Hooverize, after the efforts in food rationing that he had led from a post as Washington's food administrator at the end of World War I. Americans recalled that he had led the humanitarian drive to feed occupied Belgium during the war. Now Hoover had outdone himself—and on a home territory whose geographic area covered more than Belgium's. What the public liked about Hoover was their sense of him as guardian, that he would protect them and what they had. If Hoover could win the presidential election the following year, then he might hold back whatever waters of adversity threatened. He was a Republican, like the sitting president, Calvin Coolidge. He would pick up where Coolidge left off—though he might update things, for everyone knew that Hoover, a mining engineer, could do amazing things with technology. One of Hoover's neatest feats—and he pulled it off right around the time of the flood—was to acquaint the public with an early version of television. "Herbert Hoover made a speech in Washington yesterday afternoon. An audience in New York heard and saw him," the New York Times wrote in awe, adding that Hoover had "annihilated" geographic distance and commenting in a headline: "Like a Photo Come to Life." It was not yet modern television but wired images and the telephone combined. Still, the idea took hold in the minds of the reporters. Under Hoover, it was easy to believe that the 1920s were merely the American beginning.

The idea of philosophical continuity from Coolidge to Hoover seemed ironic to one man: Calvin Coolidge himself. The two were party allies. Hoover had loyally campaigned for Coolidge in 1924—indeed, had helped to defeat a Coolidge opponent in 1924 in California to clear the Republican presidential nomination for Coolidge. But Coolidge did not especially like Hoover. In the very period when the Mississippi waters were rushing, in fact, Coolidge's press spokesman had taken an explicit shot at Hoover, telling reporters that the commerce secretary would not be considered for the job opening if the secretary of state happened to retire.

The differences between the men had started with small things. Hoover was a fly fisherman. Coolidge fished with worms. Hoover liked the microphone. Coolidge shied away from it. After a landslide presidential victory in 1924 Coolidge had sent a clerk to read aloud his State of the Union address. Hoover ignored politics for the first thirty-five years of his life. Coolidge held his first office, that of city council member in Northampton, Massachusetts, at the age of twenty-eight, and had rarely been out of government since. Hoover was a mining engineer; Coolidge was a country lawyer. Hoover was a worldly American, a blend of regions and cities, the most successful in his field of his generation. He believed in the Anglo-American gold standard, not only because it had made him rich but because he had seen firsthand how it kept the world running, like a grandfather clock. Coolidge was a pure New Englander who seemed to re-create New England wherever he went. The very concept of "overseas" was a bit vague to Coolidge. The typical Republican of his day, he supported tariffs in the belief that they strengthened the United States. His failure to recognize the consequences of his policies, both abroad and for his country, was his greatest shortcoming.

The Forgotten Man
A New History of the Great Depression
. Copyright © by Amity Shlaes. Reprinted by permission of HarperCollins Publishers, Inc. All rights reserved. Available now wherever books are sold.
Read More Show Less

Customer Reviews

Average Rating 3.5
( 139 )
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See All Sort by: Showing 1 – 20 of 139 Customer Reviews
  • Anonymous

    Posted September 25, 2007

    She's right: we did it

    I was interested in reading another history of the Great Depression, having only read a single book on the subject, John Kenneth Galbraith's, 'The Great Crash: 1929'. Amity Shlaes' book was highly recommended by many authoritative sources as well-suited to the non-expert in economics who is interested in understanding the conditions which lead to the Depression, those factors that perpetuated it and, more particularly, what steps, if any, might be taken to avoid a repetition of those sorrowful times. As the author of a general-interest book, Shlaes tries to hold the reader's attention by abundant use of anecdotes to illustrate what otherwise might appear as arcane economic concepts. This yields a somewhat encyclopaedic survey of the times, but also familiarizes the reader with many important historical personalities that are currently obscure, e.g. Rex Tugwell, Raymond Moley, Adolf Berle and Felix Frankfurter. As I understood the book, the major points were: 1. FDR's penchant for experimentation, 2. His susceptibility to influence from his cohort of advisors the so-called 'Brain Trust', a frequently mutating group of intellectuals, recruited on the basis of their appeal to Roosevelt's current fancy and, most importantly, 3. That New Deal policies needlessly prolonged the Depression, simultaneously creating 'identity' and 'interest' politics. A corollary of New Deal policies was the creation of indebted constituencies: this resulted from developing conditions tantamount to 'class warfare' and by putting more and more people on 'the dole'. Shlaes, however, is candid enough to point out FDR's shrewd abilities as a political thinker, citing, for example, his swift reversal of course by adoption of the formerly vilified scions of 'big business' when he realized the liklihood of an impending European war and the need for support from this quarter. Another interesting an politically adroit move was FDR's appointment of Joe Kennedy as first head of the Securities and Exchange Commission: who better to monitor fraudulent securities trading activity than an insider and master of the method? John Maynard Keynes and his theories, adapted to various New Deal programs by FDR, receives a few pointed rebukes. The most telling point in favor of Shlaes' perspective came in the form of an endorsement by the current head of the Federal Reserve Board, Ben Bernanke. In November, 2002, at a ceremony honoring Milton Friedman's ninetieth birthday, he was quoted as remarking, 'I would like to say to Milton and Anna: Regarding the Great Depression. You're right, we did it. We're very sorry. But thanks to you, we won't do it again.' Let's hope he's right. But, What better vindication could Shlaes' arguments wish for? In summary, an interesting book, well worth reading.

    32 out of 34 people found this review helpful.

    Was this review helpful? Yes  No   Report this review
  • Posted June 2, 2009

    more from this reviewer

    AMITY SHLAES APPEARS PRESCIENT ! ! ! !

    In reading The Forgotten Man you SWEAR that Ms. Shlaes was writing this deeply informative history of the Great Depression while reflecting on current events EXCEPT for the fact that she did it two years ago! The actual book is only about 380 pgs with the remaining 100 pgs given to notes and references, etc., yet the author has PACKED those pages full of insightful details of a time that was, believe it or not, even more difficult than our present economic "crisis". As I read page after page I'm amazed that our economy wasn't derailed more than it was and, equally as disturbing, that the fabric of our American culture was tilted so much by a President's personal agenda (sound vaguely familiar?!). Remember, Ms. Shlaes work was first printed in 2007, when our current President was hardly a national figure. However, as I read this intriguing work, I invariably find myself penciling into the margins "then or now?!" If you enjoy history or economics or politics or simply the process of garnering tidbits to drop into intellectual conversations, Ms. Shlaes book is a 'must read' for you! It certainly was time well spent! Thanks, Amity!

    21 out of 23 people found this review helpful.

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  • Anonymous

    Posted February 9, 2009

    I Also Recommend:

    Puts the New Deal and FDR in Perspective

    This book is a great resource for anyone who would like a fresh perspective on the Great Depression and FDR's policies; or would like to better understand what will and will not work to help bring our country out of its current economic slump. Too often the fairytale of the New Deal clouds the reality.

    17 out of 20 people found this review helpful.

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  • Anonymous

    Posted July 8, 2007

    A reviewer

    Funded by a corporate elite Think Tank, Amity Shlaes, a former Wall Street Journal Editorial scribbler purports to write ¿A New History of the Great Depression¿ from the perspective of ¿The Forgotten Man.¿ However, Shlaes substitutes the viewpoints of disgraced---and now forgotten---Hoover Administration Treasury Secretary Andrew Mellon, for the common man FDR stood up for and defended during the Great Depression. Andrew Mellon famously demanded a ¿prolonged liquidation¿ and advised the road to recovery was to 'liquidate labor, liquidate stocks, liquidate the farmers, liquidate real estate.' To which John Maynard Keynes responded, 'I do not understand how universal bankruptcy can do any good or bring us nearer to prosperity.' Shlaes shilling for the corporate elite cannot change the fact that Keynes was correct. The full and final economic recovery sprang not from businessmen buying up bankrupt assets but rather from the massive Government spending leading up to and during WWII.

    15 out of 56 people found this review helpful.

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  • Anonymous

    Posted July 22, 2007

    Glorious Improvisation, Zero Results

    For years, the conventional wisdom about the New Deal has focused on its First 100 Days (see J. Alter's new book 'The Defining Moment') during which we are told FDR's inspired improvisations helped to lift a nation's morale and 'save' capitalism. Of course, that is bunk. Shlaes smoothly-written narrative, which puts the policy positions of the 30's in the mouths of their leading advocates, will seem very familiar to the conservative vs liberal economic arguments of our day. She rightly shows that rather than being a laissez faire Scrooge, Herbert Hoover was almost equally as 'activist' as FDR would be, and with equally empty results. She frankly poses the devastating answer to the conventional wisdom: the outcome after 4 1/2 years of frenzied New Deal legislation, programs, speeches, rallies, marches, executive orders, regulations and fireside chats was that in 1937-8 the US entered 'the depression within The Depression,' with renewed high unemployment and reduced economic output. The New Deal was a miserable failure. FDR and the Democrats had no answers. Spending other people's money in the name of the greater good may make the spender feel virtuous, but it creates no new value. Robbing Peter to pay Paul may win you Paul's vote, but it is not an economic policy for the long haul. Shlaes description of the overweening arrogance and rule-crazy conceit of the famous NRA Blue Eagle bureaucracy will make you laugh and remind you of nothing so much as the flow-chart of Hillary Clinton's healthcare scheme of 1994. But if you have not been taught the truth about the past it is so much easier to repeat its mistakes. This is an enjoyable read and an outstanding book. Read it. You will learn things.

    14 out of 17 people found this review helpful.

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  • Posted February 9, 2009

    I Also Recommend:

    At last a fair and accurate history of the Great Depression!!

    This is an excellent book. It gives a very fair account of the Great Depression. It points the myriad mistakes made by both Hoover and Roosevelt. This book is a must read for these economic times. It puts all the bailout and sub-prime messes in to an all too clear focus. If you're the least bit sympathetic to the free-market, capitalism and the U.S. Constitution, this book will take your breath away.

    12 out of 15 people found this review helpful.

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  • Posted April 9, 2009

    Completely wrong

    Amity Shlaes claims the New Deal measures implemented by F.D.R. did not improve the plight of the United States economy during the great depression.

    Nonsense.

    The Dow Jones Industrial Average was around 30 in 1933, and had risen sixfold to 190 in 1937.

    Unemployment shrank to 12 percent in 1938 from around 30 percent in 1933. Subtract those working in the CCC, PWA and WPA and unemployment was under five percent.

    When Roosevelt attempted to balance the federal budget in 1937 the stock market fell 40 percent to 115. Steel production in 1937 fell from 80 percent capacity to 19 percent capacity after Roosevelt's fiscal tightening. And 4 million people became unemployed between the end of 1937 to the first three months of 1938.

    Once Roosevelt received an appropriation of $3 billion in 1938 to revive the economy, employment rose by 2 million and steel production roe over 125 percent.

    The idea that drastic measures Roosevelt employed to reduce the extraordinary suffering of average Americans were a failure is outrageous.

    Such incorrect historical revisionism is both fraudulent and deceptive.

    9 out of 35 people found this review helpful.

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  • Anonymous

    Posted April 9, 2009

    Perspective reading, fine tuning the truth!

    I found this book to be enlightening, entertaining, and interesting. Amity Shlaes has done her research and simply points out the obvious during the great depression. Anyone who is interested in history, the great depression, or past presidents and their legacy's, this is the book for you! Enjoy.

    9 out of 10 people found this review helpful.

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  • Posted March 23, 2009

    more from this reviewer

    History DOES Repeat Itself.

    I've just finished reading Ms. Shlaes' The Forgotten Man, but when I watch the nightly news, I feel like the story never ended. What an incredible job she's done gathering the history the Great Depression and presenting it in a way that makes it seem like a mystery that's solving itself at the story unfolds. I highly recommend this book ... especially if you are (and I'll admit I was) ignorant of the genesis of the first Great Depression.

    9 out of 10 people found this review helpful.

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  • Anonymous

    Posted March 19, 2009

    The Forgotten Man should be required reading for all high cschool and college students.

    This is one of the best books I have read this year. After reading it I feel like the forgotten man but i do have faith America will finally see the light and take back our government in 2010.

    9 out of 10 people found this review helpful.

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  • Anonymous

    Posted July 18, 2007

    An engaging economic and biographical narrative

    Shlaes' balanced portrayal of grievous economic/political errors by both Republicans and Democrats reveals just how tangled were the causes of the Great Depression. In fact, the book's title illustrates the confusion the depression generated. The Forgotten Man was originally described by philosopher William Graham Sumner a generation earlier as those ordinary citizens upon whose backs the progressives placed their grand ideas to improve society. Yet FDR appropriated the term to mean the poor and helpless affected by macroeconomic events, a reversal of the original intention of Sumner's. The overriding question of the Great Depression became which Forgotten Man needed the most help. From the tragedy of Smoot-Hawley, which plunged imports by 40%, to the incomprehensible bureaucracy of the NRA, Shlaes narrates this economic history through people's stories, both famous and ordinary. While much of the material presented was not new to me, I was fascinated with two issues: FDR's quixotic approach to economic decisionmaking, and the noxious micromanagement of the NRA. We have learned a lot since those heady days of bold experimentation, that there are reasonable steps government can take when the economy turns south. We are still, however, grappling with the folly of short-sighted quick fixes and the law of unintended consequences. One note, it appears the editing was at times a bit sloppy, with awkward sentences and misused words left in the final draft. One sentence used 'affect' when 'effect' was needed, and one paragraph was so garbled it appeared the editor skipped that page. A couple of times the author made reference to obscure earlier passages that caused me to scramble back to figure out what she meant. For the most part, though the book flowed well. I enjoyed her intertwining of several ongoing narratives as she passed through the years of the depression.

    9 out of 10 people found this review helpful.

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  • Anonymous

    Posted February 14, 2009

    A Book for These Times

    This is a book that should be read by policy-makers at all levels, economists, and people that are interested in the Great Depression and the policies that stemmed from it. The author does a fine job describing both the policies, the agencies that enforced the policies, and the personalities that formulated them. Amity Shlaes writes the tale splendidly, not bogging readers down with statistics, but certainly using them to enforce facts. She also takes the readers in to the rooms where agencies were created and in to the minds of those agency leaders. Throughout, the book forms a cautionary tale for actions that are being taken to revamp our moribund economy today.

    8 out of 9 people found this review helpful.

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  • Anonymous

    Posted October 17, 2007

    The Forgotten Man Revisited

    This is indeed, an outstanding reference, resourseful...a must for the serious reader of the Great Depression.

    8 out of 9 people found this review helpful.

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  • Anonymous

    Posted March 30, 2009

    How good is government in the economy?

    Good detail of the people, their actions and the theories of the New Deal Era. This reads like a prophecy of what America is going through now. We could learn from this history and not repeat it's mistakes.

    Read & be enlightened. Government can not provide productive jobs. It causes chaos when it tries.

    7 out of 8 people found this review helpful.

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  • Anonymous

    Posted March 16, 2010

    Cut through all of the fluff.

    I used to think that I had a pretty good understanding of the Great Depression. FDR was elected to office and saved the country from an inept Herbert Hoover, along with the large corporations that "controlled" the economy at that time. Much of my information was based upon public high school and public university educations that reinforced this theme. My knowledge was also supported by grandparents, parents, aunts and uncles that had lived through this difficult time. Ms. Shlaes book has given me an entirely new perspective. Some may criticize it as biased. On the contrary, I think she has produced an objective body of work that has been extensively researched and includes excerpts from personal diaries and letters of key players in the Roosevelt administration. Those individuals were directly involved with policy making during this period. I was amazed at how closely events of the 1930's seem to parallel the actions of our current politicians in Washington. This book should be required for all high school and college students, as well as anyone holding office in local, state, or Federal government.

    6 out of 6 people found this review helpful.

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  • Posted December 7, 2009

    I Also Recommend:

    the truth about the great depression

    this is not your father's history book, or mine for that matter. but you will learn what really happened during the great depression.

    6 out of 6 people found this review helpful.

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  • Posted October 17, 2009

    I Also Recommend:

    The Origins of Overreaching Government

    The Sixteenth Amendment seems to have been the only part of the Constitution respected by the New Dealers, setting the standard for so-called liberal politicians ever since.

    Amity Schlaes' topical and absorbing study of what really happened in the Great Depression should be on the reading list of every concerned American for its applicability to today. Ms. Schlaes captures your attention immediately in the introduction with a surprising twist in an economic and human-interest analysis from the era. The rest of the book illuminates the truths behind the conventional uncritical views of the origins and efficacy of New Deal policies taught in most history classes. From the influence of the many Soviet admirers and Stalin apologists in the FDR's administration, to the chilling unsuccessful assault on the Schecter Brothers' small poultry business, the lesson of the dangers of big government overreach are well documented in this excellent book. You can't escape the parallels to today.

    5 out of 5 people found this review helpful.

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  • Anonymous

    Posted March 2, 2009

    Good Time to Read This

    This book is a true eye-opener and very timely. I recommend it for anyone who wants to know what is going on with the economy now.

    5 out of 6 people found this review helpful.

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  • Posted February 9, 2009

    A view into America's Great Depression, and possibly our future.

    The Forgotten Man provides a historical and political overview of America's Great Depression. More importantly, the book delves into the various character and interpersonal interactions of the significant political figures of the time. In so doing, Ms Shlaes is able to show how the interplay of politics and character shaped both the Depression and placed significant limits on the nation's recovery. Its also interesting to see how the various economic ideas and theories we take for granted today were viewed back then, and again today through the lens of history.<BR/><BR/>Whether well meaning or not, the decisions of few powerful figures transformed our nation in that time of crisis. The interplay of the various characters gives insight into how personaly, life experience, and perspective both shape and limit government policy and its ability to act. The Forgotten Man is especially interesting read in the context of our currently evolving financial crisis. The parallels are as striking as the uncertainty of the Depression's outcome was then, and may also be now.<BR/><BR/>A great read for anyone interested in economics, politics, and history. Its certainly all here in an entertaining and well written book.

    5 out of 5 people found this review helpful.

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  • Posted November 13, 2008

    A Great Expose

    Amity Shlaes has written a great book explaining the causes of the great depression. I think anyone interested in America's history should read this book.

    5 out of 5 people found this review helpful.

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