BN.com Gift Guide

Forty Studies That Changed Criminal Justice / Edition 1

Paperback (Print)
Rent
Rent from BN.com
$26.20
(Save 65%)
Est. Return Date: 02/17/2015
Used and New from Other Sellers
Used and New from Other Sellers
from $39.95
Usually ships in 1-2 business days
(Save 47%)
Other sellers (Paperback)
  • All (2) from $39.95   
  • New (1) from $75.69   
  • Used (1) from $39.95   

Overview

This book is more than a collection of original published articles–it is a summary of studies that have shaped the criminal justice system. Carefully chosen based on their impact on the discipline or their capacity to spark controversy, the studies offer a historical look into the field of policing, courts and corrections. Each summary includes: a complete citation; background information; a description of methodology; a summary of results; an evaluation of the research; and suggestions for further reading. Throughout the book, readers are shown a variety of research designs and evidence of research influencing the operation of the criminal justice system.
Read More Show Less

Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780132349758
  • Publisher: Prentice Hall
  • Publication date: 2/13/2009
  • Series: Criminal Justice Interactive Series
  • Edition description: Older Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 408
  • Sales rank: 1,220,072
  • Product dimensions: 6.90 (w) x 9.10 (h) x 0.90 (d)

Table of Contents

PART I POLICE

1. POLICE BEHAVIOR

POLICE PERSONALITY

ARE POLICE OFFICERS DIFFERENT FROM THE REST OF US?

Skolnick, J. (1966) Justice Without Trial: Law Enforcement in Democratic Society. New York: John Wiley and Sons, Inc.

POLICE STYLES

WHY IS THERE DIFFERENCES IN POLICE BEHAVIOR ACROSS COMMUNITIES?

Wilson, J. (1968) Varieties of Police Behavior: The Management of Law and Order in Eight Communities. Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press.

POLICE OFFICER SOCIALIZATION

WHY ARE POLICE OFFICERS DIFFERENT FROM THE REST OF US?

Van Maanen, J. (1973) “Observations on the Making of Policemen.” Human Organization 33: 407-418.

2. POLICE DISCRETION

POLICE OFFICERS’ USE OF DISCRETION

WHAT INFLUENCES POLICE DECISION-MAKING

Piliavin, I. and S. Briar (1964) “Police Encounters with Juveniles.” American Journal of Sociology 70: 206-214.

THE MINNEAPOLIS DOMESTIC VIOLENCE EXPERIMENT

DOES ARREST DETER CRIME?

Sherman, L. and R. Berk (1984) “The Specific Deterrent Effects of Arrest for Domestic Assault.” American Sociological Review 49: 261-272.

3. POLICE OPERATIONS

THE KANSAS CITY PREVENTIVE PATROL EXPERIMENT

CAN THE POLICE PREVENT CRIME AND MAKE US FEEL SAFE?

Kelling, G., T. Pate, D. Dieckman, and C. Brown (1974) The Kansas City Preventive Patrol Experiment: A Summary Report. Washington, DC: Police Foundation.

POLICE RESPONSE TIME

HOW IMPORTANT IS IT FOR THE POLICE TO RESPOND QUICKLY WHEN WE CALL?

Pate, T., A. Ferrara, R. Bowers, and J. Lorence (1976) Police Response Time: Its Determinants and Effects. Washington, DC: Police Foundation.

PATROL STAFFING

WHICH IS BETTER: ONE- OR TWO-OFFICER PATROL UNITS?

Boydstun, J., M. Sherry, and N. Moelter (1977) Patrol Staffing in San Diego: One-or Two-Officer Units. Washington, DC: Police Foundation.

THE NEWARK FOOT PATROL EXPERIMENT

SHOULD THE POLICE PATROL IN CARS OR ON FOOT?

Police Foundation (1981) The Newark Foot Patrol Experiment. Washington, DC: Police Foundation.

THE RAND STUDY OF INVESTIGATION

DO DETECTIVES REALLY SOLVE CRIMES?

Greenwood, P. and J. Petersilia (1975) The Criminal Investigation Process. Santa Monica, CA: Rand.

4. THE POLICE ROLE

PROBLEM-ORIENTED POLICING

CAN THE POLICE FIX THE UNDERLYING PROBLEMS RESPONSIBLE FOR CRIME?

Goldstein, H. (1979) “Improving Policing: A Problem-Oriented Approach.” Crime and Delinquency 24: 236-258.

BROKEN WINDOWS

CAN A BROKEN WINDOW LEAD TO CRIME?

Wilson, J. and G. Kelling (1982) “Broken Windows: The Police and Neighborhood Safety.” The Atlantic Monthly March: 29-38.

5. POLICE USE OF DEADLY FORCE

WHAT EXPLAINS THE VARIATION IN POLICE SHOOTINGS ACROSS DEPARTMENTS?

Milton, C., J. Halleck, J. Lardner, and G. Abrecht (1977) Police Use of Deadly Force. Washington, DC: Police Foundation.

6. FEMALE POLICE OFFICERS

DO POLICEWOMEN PERFORM AS WELL AS POLICEMEN?

Bloch, P. and D. Anderson (1974) Policewomen on Patrol. Washington, DC: Police Foundation.

PART II COURTS

1. PRE-CONVICTION DISPOSITIONS

BARRIERS TO PRE-TRIAL RELEASE

ARE SUSPECTS PUNISHED BEFORE GUILT IS DETERMINED?

Foote, C. (1954) “Compelling Appearance in Court: Administration of Bail in Philadelphia.” University of Pennsylvania Law Review 102: 1031-1079.

PROSECUTORS’ USE OF DISCRETION IN DECISION-MAKING

DO PROSECUTORS CONSIDER EXTRA-LEGAL FACTORS IN THEIR DECISIONS?

Albonetti, C. (1987) “Prosecutorial Discretion: The Effects of Uncertainty.” Law and Society Review 21: 291-313.

2. THE GUILTY PLEA PROCESS

“GOING RATE” SENTENCES FOR DEFENDANTS WHO PLEAD GUILTY

How is the penal code used by attorneys in case processing?

Sudnow, D. (1965) “Normal Crimes: Sociological Features of the Penal Code in a Public Defender Office.” Social Problems 12: 255-276.

The Defense Attorney’s Role in Plea Bargaining

ARE DEFENDANTS PRESSURED BY THEIR OWN ATTORNEYS TO PLEAD GUILTY?

Alschuler, A. (1975) “The Defense Attorney’s Role in Plea Bargaining.” The Yale Law Journal 84: 1179-1314.

Organizational DIFFERENCES IN CASE PROCESSING ACROSS COURTS

hOW DOES COURT “CULTURE” INFLUENCE case processing?

Eisenstein, J. and H. Jacob (1977) Felony Justice: An Organizational Analysis of Criminal Courts. Boston: Little, Brown and Company.

PROCEDURAL INJUSTICES and due process violations in court

WHAT INFLUENCES Defendants’ CYNICISM TOWARD THE LEGAL PROCESS?

Casper, J. (1972) American Criminal Justice: The Defendant’s Perspective.

Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall.

3. THE JURY TRIAL

Jury DECISION-MAKING

WHY DO juries and judges SOMETIMES DISAGREE?

Kalven Jr., H. and H. Zeisel (1966) The American Jury. Boston: Little, Brown & Company (shortly thereafter published by University of Chicago Press).

the INSANITY Defense

ARE jurors ABLE to understand different legal rules for establishing a defendant’s criminal responsibility?

Simon, R. (1967) The Jury and the Defense of Insanity. Boston: Little, Brown and Company.

4. SENTENCING

JUDICIAL DISCRETION IN Sentencing DECISIONS

Do judges discriminate against individuals OF lower socio-economic status?

Hagan, J. (1974) “Extra-legal Attributes and Criminal Sentencing: An Assessment of a Sociological Viewpoint.” Law and Society Review 8: 357-383.

JUDGES’ ASSESSMENTS OF AN OFFENDER’S RISK FOR FUTURE CRIMINALITY

ARE SENTENCES AFFECTED BY STEREOTYPES OF “DANGEROUS OFFENDERS”?

Steffensmeier, D., J. Ulmer, and J. Kramer (1998) “The Interaction of Race, Gender, and Age in Criminal Sentencing: The Punishment Cost of Being Young, Black, and Male.” Criminology 36: 763-797.

5. STRUCTURING SENTENCING DECISIONS

SENTENCING GUIDELINES

CAN A SENTENCING SCHEME BE DEVELOPED TO REDUCE INEQUITES IN PRISON SENTENCES?

Wilkins, L., J. Kress, D. Gottfredson, J. Calpin, and A. Gelman

(1978) Sentencing Guidelines: Structuring Judicial Discretion. Washington , DC: National Institute of Law Enforcement and Criminal Justice, U.S. Department of Justice.

THE EFFECTIVENESS OF MANDATORY SENTENCING GUIDELINES FOR REDUCING JUDICIAL SENTENCING DISCRETION

WHAT IS THE EVIDENCE THAT GUIDELINES ACTUALLY "WORK" TO REDUCE SENTENCING DISPARITIES?

Moore, C. and T. Miethe (1986) “Regulated and Unregulated Sentencing Decisions: An Analysis of First-year Practices Under Minnesota’s Felony Sentencing Guidelines.Law and Society Review 20: 253-277.

PART III CORRECTIONS

1. CORRECTIONAL GOALS

THE EFFECTIVENESS OF CORRECTIONAL TREATMENT

CAN CRIMINALS BE REHABILITATED?

Martinson, R. (1974) “What Works? Questions and Answers About Prison Reform.” The Public Interest 35: 22-54.

CAPITAL PUNISHMENT

DOES THE DEATH PENALTY DETER MURDER?

Ehrlich, I. (1975) “The Deterrent Effect of Capital Punishment: A Question of Life and Death.” The American Economic Review 65: 397-417.

SELECTIVE INCAPACITATION

CAN CRIME BE REDUCED WITHOUT INCREASING PRISON POPULATIONS?

Greenwood, P. with A. Abrahamse (1982) Selective Incapacitation. Santa Monica: Rand.

COLLECTIVE INCAPACITATION

DOES INCARCERATION SAVE MONEY?

Zedlewski, E. (1987) Making Confinement Decisions. Washington, DC: National Institute of Justice.

2. COMMUNITY CORRECTIONS

FELONY PROBATION

IS IT SAFE TO PUT FELONS ON PROBATION?

Petersilia, J., S. Turner, J. Kahan, and J. Peterson (1985) Granting Felons Probation: Public Risks and Alternatives. California: Rand Corporation.

PAROLE PREDICTION

IS IT POSSIBLE TO PREDICT WHO WILL SUCCEED OR FAIL ON PAROLE?

Burgess, E. (1928) “Factors Determining Success or Failure on Parole.” In A. Bruce, E. Burgess, and A. Harno The Workings of the Indeterminate-Sentence Law and

the Parole System in Illinois (pp. 205-249). Springfield: Illinois Board of Parole.

3. INMATE SUBCULTURES

INMATE SOCIAL NETWORKS

HOW DO INMATES BECOME SOCIALIZED INTO A PRISON CULTURE?

Clemmer, D. (1940) The Prison Community. Boston: Christopher Publishing Company.

THE “PAINS OF IMPRISONMENT”

HOW DO INMATES ADAPT TO IMPRISONMENT?

Sykes G. (1958) The Society of Captives: A Study of a Maximum Security Prison. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

FEMALE INMATE SUBCULTURES

ARE FEMALE INMATE EXPERIENCES DIFFERENT FROM THE EXPERIENCES OF MALE INMATES?

Giallombardo, R. (1966) Society of Women: A Study of a Women’s Prison. New York: John Wiley and Sons, Inc.

INMATE RACE RELATIONS

DO PRISON SUBCULTURES DIFFER BY AN INMATE’S RACE?

Carroll, L. (1974) Hacks, Blacks, and Cons. Lexington, MA: Lexington Books.

4. INMATE VIOLENCE

INMATE VICTIMIZATION

ARE PRISONS SAFE FOR INMATES?

Fuller, D. and T. Orsagh (1977) “Violence and Victimization within a State Prison System.” Criminal Justice Review 2: 35-55.

PRISON RIOTS

WHAT CAUSES INMATES TO RIOT?

Wilsnack, R. (1976) “Explaining Collective Violence in Prisons: Problems and Possibilities.” In A. Cohen, G. Cole, and R. Bailey (eds.) Prison Violence. Lexington, Mass: Lexington Books.

5. CORRECTIONAL OFFICERS

THE STANFORD PRISON EXPERIMENT

WHAT EXPLAINS THE COERCIVE BEHAVIOR OF PRISON GUARDS?

Haney, C., C. Banks, and P. Zimbardo (1973) “Interpersonal Dynamics in a Simulated Prison.” International Journal of Criminology and Penology 1: 69-97.

CORRECTIONAL OFFICERS’ ATTITUDES

DO CORRCTIONAL OFFICERS’ ATTITUDES DIFFER BY RACE?

Jacobs, J. and L. Kraft (1978) “Integrating the Keepers: A Comparison of Black and White Prison Guards in Illinois.” Social Problems 25: 304-318.

Read More Show Less

Customer Reviews

Be the first to write a review
( 0 )
Rating Distribution

5 Star

(0)

4 Star

(0)

3 Star

(0)

2 Star

(0)

1 Star

(0)

Your Rating:

Your Name: Create a Pen Name or

Barnes & Noble.com Review Rules

Our reader reviews allow you to share your comments on titles you liked, or didn't, with others. By submitting an online review, you are representing to Barnes & Noble.com that all information contained in your review is original and accurate in all respects, and that the submission of such content by you and the posting of such content by Barnes & Noble.com does not and will not violate the rights of any third party. Please follow the rules below to help ensure that your review can be posted.

Reviews by Our Customers Under the Age of 13

We highly value and respect everyone's opinion concerning the titles we offer. However, we cannot allow persons under the age of 13 to have accounts at BN.com or to post customer reviews. Please see our Terms of Use for more details.

What to exclude from your review:

Please do not write about reviews, commentary, or information posted on the product page. If you see any errors in the information on the product page, please send us an email.

Reviews should not contain any of the following:

  • - HTML tags, profanity, obscenities, vulgarities, or comments that defame anyone
  • - Time-sensitive information such as tour dates, signings, lectures, etc.
  • - Single-word reviews. Other people will read your review to discover why you liked or didn't like the title. Be descriptive.
  • - Comments focusing on the author or that may ruin the ending for others
  • - Phone numbers, addresses, URLs
  • - Pricing and availability information or alternative ordering information
  • - Advertisements or commercial solicitation

Reminder:

  • - By submitting a review, you grant to Barnes & Noble.com and its sublicensees the royalty-free, perpetual, irrevocable right and license to use the review in accordance with the Barnes & Noble.com Terms of Use.
  • - Barnes & Noble.com reserves the right not to post any review -- particularly those that do not follow the terms and conditions of these Rules. Barnes & Noble.com also reserves the right to remove any review at any time without notice.
  • - See Terms of Use for other conditions and disclaimers.
Search for Products You'd Like to Recommend

Recommend other products that relate to your review. Just search for them below and share!

Create a Pen Name

Your Pen Name is your unique identity on BN.com. It will appear on the reviews you write and other website activities. Your Pen Name cannot be edited, changed or deleted once submitted.

 
Your Pen Name can be any combination of alphanumeric characters (plus - and _), and must be at least two characters long.

Continue Anonymously

    If you find inappropriate content, please report it to Barnes & Noble
    Why is this product inappropriate?
    Comments (optional)