Forty Studies that Changed Psychology: Explorations into the History of Psychological Research / Edition 5

Forty Studies that Changed Psychology: Explorations into the History of Psychological Research / Edition 5

by Roger R. Hock
     
 

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ISBN-10: 0131147293

ISBN-13: 9780131147294

Pub. Date: 06/29/2004

Publisher: Prentice Hall

This unique book closes the gap between psychology books and the research that made them possible. Its journey through the "headline history" of psychology presents 40 of the most famous studies in the history of the science, and subsequent follow-up studies that expanded their findings and relevance. Readers are granted a valuable insider's look at the studies that

Overview

This unique book closes the gap between psychology books and the research that made them possible. Its journey through the "headline history" of psychology presents 40 of the most famous studies in the history of the science, and subsequent follow-up studies that expanded their findings and relevance. Readers are granted a valuable insider's look at the studies that continue to be cited most frequently, stirred up the most controversy when they were published, sparked the most subsequent related research, opened new fields of psychological exploration, and changed most dramatically our knowledge of human behavior. For individuals with an interest in an introduction to psychology.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780131147294
Publisher:
Prentice Hall
Publication date:
06/29/2004
Edition description:
Fifth Edition
Pages:
322
Product dimensions:
5.98(w) x 8.98(h) x 0.53(d)

Table of Contents


Preface     xi
Biology and Human Behavior     1
One Brain or Two?     1
Gazzaniga, M. S. (1967). The split brain in man. Scientific American, 217(2), 24-29
More Experience = Bigger Brain     11
Rosenzweig, M. R., Bennett, E. L., & Diamond, M. C. (1972). Brain changes in response to experience. Scientific American, 226(2), 22-29
Are You a "Natural?"     19
Bouchard, T., Lykken, D., McGue, M., Segal, N., & Tellegen, A. (1990). Sources of human psychological differences: The Minnesota study of twins reared apart. Science, 250, 223-229
Watch Out for the Visual Cliff!     27
Gibson, E. J., & Walk, R. D. (1960). The "visual cliff." Scientific American, 202(4), 67-71
Perception and Consciousness     35
Take a Long Look     36
Fantz, R. L. (1961). The origin of form perception. Scientific American, 204(May), 61-72
To Sleep, No Doubt to Dream...     42
Aserinsky, E., & Kleitman, N. (1953). Regularly occurring periods of eye mobility and concomitant phenomena during sleep. Science, 118, 273-274
Dement, W. (1960). The effect of dream deprivation. Science, 131, 1705-1707
Unromancing the Dream     49
Hobson, J. A., & McCarley, R. W. (1977). The brain as a dream-state generator: An activation-synthesis hypothesis of the dream process. American Journal of Psychiatry, 134, 1335-1348
Acting as If You Are Hypnotized     56
Spanos, N. P. (1982). Hypnotic behavior: A cognitive,social, psychological perspective. Research Communications in Psychology, Psychiatry, and Behavior, 7, 199-213
Learning and Conditioning     65
It's Not Just about Salivating Dogs!     65
Pavlov, I. P. (1927). Conditioned reflexes. London: Oxford University Press
Little Emotional Albert     72
Watson, J. B., & Rayner, R. (1920). Conditioned emotional responses. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 3, 1-14
Knock Wood!     78
Skinner, B. F. (1948). Superstition in the pigeon. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 38, 168-172
See Aggression ... Do Aggression!     85
Bandura, A., Ross, D., & Ross, S. A. (1961). Transmission of aggression through imitation of aggressive models. Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 63, 575-582
Intelligence, Cognition, and Memory     93
What You Expect Is What You Get     93
Rosenthal, R., & Jacobson, L. (1966). Teachers' expectancies: Determinates of pupils' IQ gains. Psychological Reports, 19, 115-118
Just How Are You Intelligent?     100
Gardner, H. (1983) Frames of mind: The theory of multiple intelligences. New York: Basic Books
Maps in Your Mind     110
Tolman, E. C. (1948). Cognitive maps in rats and men. Psychological Review, 55, 189-208
Thanks for the Memories!     117
Loftus, E. F. (1975). Leading questions and the eyewitness report. Cognitive Psychology, 7, 560-572
Human Development     126
Discovering Love      126
Harlow, H. F. (1958). The nature of love. American Psychologist, 13, 673-685
Out of Sight, But Not Out of Mind     134
Piaget, J. (1954). The development of object concept. In J. Piaget, The construction of reality in the child (pp. 3-96). New York: Basic Books
How Moral Are You?     143
Kohlberg, L. (1963). The development of children's orientations toward a moral order: Sequence in the development of moral thought. Vita Humana, 6, 11-33
In Control and Glad of It!     150
Langer, E. J., & Rodin, J. (1976). The effects of choice and enhanced personal responsibility for the aged: A field experiment in an institutional setting. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 34, 191-198
Emotion and Motivation     158
A Sexual Motivation...     158
Masters, W. H., & Johnson, V. E. (1966). Human sexual response. Boston: Little, Brown
I Can See It All Over Your Face!     168
Ekman, P., & Friesen, W. V. (1971). Constants across cultures in the face and emotion. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 17, 124-129
Life, Change, and Stress     175
Holmes, T. H., & Rahe, R. H. (1967). The Social Readjustment Rating Scale. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 11, 213-218
Thoughts Out of Tune     183
Festinger, L., & Carlsmith, J. M. (1959). Cognitive consequences of forced compliance. Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 58, 203-210
Personality     191
Are You the Master of Your Fate?      192
Rotter, J. B. (1966). Generalized expectancies for internal versus external control of reinforcement. Psychological Monographs, 80, 1-28
Masculine or Feminine ... or Both?     199
Bem, S. L. (1974). The measurement of psychological androgyny. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 42, 155-162
Racing Against Your Heart     210
Friedman, M., & Rosenman, R. H. (1959). Association of specific overt behavior pattern with blood and cardiovascular findings. Journal of the American Medical Association, 169, 1286-1296
The One, the Many     217
Triandis, H., Bontempo, R., Villareal, M., Asai, M., & Lucca, N. (1988). Individualism and collectivism: Cross-cultural perspectives on self-ingroup relationships. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 54, 323-338
Psychopathology     227
Who's Crazy Here, Anyway?     227
Rosenhan, D. L. (1973). On being sane in insane places. Science, 179, 250-258
You're Getting Defensive Again!     235
Freud, A. (1946). The ego and the mechanisms of defense. New York: International Universities Press
Learning to be Depressed     242
Seligman, M. E. P., & Maier, S. F. (1967). Failure to escape traumatic shock. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 74, 1-9
Crowding into the Behavioral Sink     249
Calhoun, J. B. (1962). Population density and social pathology. Scientific American, 206(3), 139-148
Psychotherapy     258
Choosing Your Psychotherapist     258
Smith, M. L., & Glass, G. V. (1977). Meta-analysis of psychotherapy outcome studies. American Psychologist, 32, 752-760
Relaxing Your Fears Away     264
Wolpe, J. (1961). The systematic desensitization treatment of neuroses. Journal of Nervous and Mental Diseases, 132, 180-203
Projections of Who You Are     271
Rorschach, H. (1942). Psychodiagnostics: A diagnostic test based on perception. New York: Grune & Stratton
Picture This!     278
Murray, H. A. (1938). Explorations in personality (pp. 531-545). New York: Oxford University Press
Social Psychology     286
A Prison by Any Other Name...     287
Zimbardo, P. G. (1972). The pathology of imprisonment. Society, 9(6), 4-8
Haney, C., Banks, W. C., & Zimbardo, P. G. (1973). Interpersonal dynamics in a simulated prison. International Journal of Criminology & Penology, 1, 69-97
The Power of Conformity     295
Asch, S. E. (1955). Opinions and social pressure. Scientific American, 193(5), 31-35
To Help or Not to Help     300
Darley, J. M., & Latane, B. (1968). Bystander intervention in emergencies: Diffusion of responsibility. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 8, 377-383
Obey at Any Cost?     308
Milgram, S. (1963). Behavioral study of obedience. Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 67, 371-378
Author Index     318
Subject Index     322

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