Fossil Fuels and Pollution: The Future of Air Quality

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Overview

Global Warming is a seven-volume set that describes the most critical issues concerning this timely subject and explains in up-to-date detail the scientific principles involved. Each volume reviews the cause-and-effect relationships that impact the environment worldwide on daily, annual, and even longer time bases. Designed to complement science curricula, the books cover the spectrum of important, climatic issues, helping the reader to build a solid foundation of knowledge with which to approach important topics related to global warming.

Fossil fuels-oil, natural gas, and coal-are the primary energy sources in the United States, accounting for approximately 85 percent of the current fuel consumption for transportation, industrial, commercial, and residential uses. One of the biggest human-caused contributors to global warming is emission of greenhouse gases into Earth's atmosphere through the continuous burning of fossil fuels. Fossil Fuels and Pollution: The Future of Air Quality discusses the sources of these fuels, their impact on the environment worldwide, and why controlling them is crucial to Earth's future climate. Citing actual examples and multinational statistics, figures, and case studies, sidebars in the book enhance fundamental concepts and give the reader a sense of the urgency and enormity of the issue.

The volume includes information on

agriculture and pollution

air quality management

cities and industry

fossil fuels and global warming

fuel technology

"green" buildings and homes

greenhouse gases

the Industrial Revolution

transportation and energy efficiency

vehicles

The book contains more than 40 color photographs and line illustrations, sidebars, a chronology, three appendixes on carbon dioxide or greenhouse gas emissions, a glossary, a detailed list of print and Internet resources, and an index. Global Warming is essential for high school students, teachers, and general readers who wish to learn about important climatic issues and their impact on the environment and society worldwide.

The Global Warming Set

Changing Ecosystems

Climate Management

Climate Systems

Fossil Fuels and Pollution

Global Warming Cycles

Global Warming Trends

Greenhouse Gases

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Editorial Reviews

School Library Journal
Gr 9 Up—In this valuable resource, detailed maps, charts, graphs, and sidebars offer useful data on subjects ranging from coal use and production to agriculture and from biofuels to green technology. The author includes an interesting history of technology and the concurrent rise of carbon-based fuels, documentation on current legislation, an outline of the future of emissions, and a discussion of recent public awareness of the effect of global dimming and its potential to mask the warming of the Earth. Ocean warming caused by fossil-fuel usage is not given much coverage, however. Although the information is often technical, it is comprehensive and accessible to those with some previous exposure to, and understanding of, the subject. Casper makes it abundantly clear that there is little time left before the effects of global climate change will become irreversible. The analysis and the climate models predicting the course of climate evolution project as far as the 22nd and 23rd centuries. There is no discussion of global warming deniers as the evidence, as presented, is irrefutable. The term "climate change" is not mentioned in the index, and the glossary covers only basic terms. Full-color photographs enhance the material presented.—Eva Elisabeth VonAncken, formerly at Trinity-Pawling School, Pawling, NY
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780816072651
  • Publisher: Facts on File, Incorporated
  • Publication date: 1/1/2010
  • Series: Global Warming Series
  • Pages: 288
  • Sales rank: 1,451,502
  • Age range: 14 - 17 Years
  • Product dimensions: 7.50 (w) x 9.30 (h) x 0.80 (d)

Table of Contents

Preface vi

Acknowledgments x

Introduction xii

1 Energy, Fossil Fuels, and Global Warming 1

Energy Sources-Fossil Fuels 2

Measuring Energy 4

Fossil Fuels and Global Warming 14

Global Energy Use 21 2 Greenhouse Gases, Health, and the Environment 26

Greenhouse Gases|26

Global Warming Potential 29

Greenhouse Emissions and the Biggest Contributors 33

The State of the Union in Total Greenhouse Gas Emissions 41

Health Issues Associated with Global Warming 51

Emissions and Oil: Quick Facts 52

3 Evolution since the Industrial Revolution 62

The Industrial Revolution 63

Donora Pennsylvania, Smog, 1948 69

The Great London Smog 69

Acid Rain 72

The Clean Air Acts 72

Coal Plant Pollution 77

Modernization and Global Warming 79

Environmental Time Line 80

The Green Industrial Revolution 83

4 Global Warming and Pollution: Buildings and Homes 87

Green Buildings 88

Increased Productivity-Real-Life Examples 89

Energy Efficiency 91

Operation Change Out: the Military Challenge 96

Green Homes 97

The Energy Star? Program 97

5 Global Warming and Pollution: Green Transportation 108

Energy Efficiency 109

Fuel Economy 111

Contributors to Global Warming and Pollution 115

New Technology 117

In the News-the Top Environmentally Friendly Cars 121

6 Global Warming and Pollution: Cities and Industry 124

Global Warming and Cities 124

Global Warming and Industry 135

Industry Arguments against Global Warming Action and Why They Are Wrong 141

The Other Global Warming-a Look into the Future 144

7 Global Warming: Agriculture Today 149

Agricultural Greenhouse Gases and Pollution 149

Renewable Energy Generation 151

In the News-What Is Happening Today 157

Making a Difference: Solutions to the Problem 165

8 Fuel Technology 170

Biofuels and Clean Vehicles 170

Alternative and Advanced Fuels 174

New Fuel Technology 186

9 Green Technology: Tomorrow's Cars Today 197

Driving into the Future 197

Hybrids 199

Electric Vehicles 201

Flexible Fuel Vehicles 202

Fuel Cells 203

Plug-in Vehicles 206

Air-Powered Vehicles 207

Cars of the Future 208

10 Conclusions-the Future of Air Quality 210

Is It Too Late? 210

The Future of Air Pollution and Climate Change 212

Health and Environmental Impacts 213

Public Awareness as a Foundation 214

The Future of Air Quality Management 215

What Happens Next? 217

Appendixes 224

Distribution of Total U.S. Greenhouse Gas Emissions by End-Use Sector, 2007 224

U.S. Emissions of Greenhouse Gases, Based on Global Warming Potential, 1990, 1995, and 2000-2007 228

World Energy-Related Carbon Dioxide Emissions by Region, 1990-2030 229

Chronology 232

Glossary 238

Further Resources 245

Index 258

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