Foul Means: The Formation of a Slave Society in Virginia, 1660-1740 / Edition 1

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Offering a provocative black interpretation of the development of slavery, Parent argues that during a brief period spanning the late 17th and early 18th centuries, a small but powerful planter class brought racial slavery to Virginia, and, in turn, to America. Parent finds more evidence of pervasive black rebellions during this period than previous historians have suggested, especially the Chesapeake Rebellion of 1730, the largest continental slave rebellion during the colonial era.

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Editorial Reviews

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Amazingly, generations of Virginia historians portrayed the colony's descent into race slavery as the emergence of a Golden Age. But Parent's compelling book casts new light on this grim and crucial evolution over three generations, demonstrating it was hardly a benign shift, or even an 'unthinking decision.' Instead, it was a terrible transformation that has thrown its long shadow across the rest of American history. It will take time for the full message to sink in.(Peter H. Wood, Duke University)
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Product Details

Meet the Author

Anthony S. Parent, Jr., is associate professor of history at Wake Forest University in Winston-Salem, N.C.

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Table of Contents

Introduction 1
Pt. I Origins: Land, Labor, and Trade
1 The Landgrab 9
2 The Labor Switch 55
3 Cyclical Crises, 1680-1723 80
Pt. II Conflicts: Race and Class
4 The Laws of Slavery 105
5 Revolt and Response, 1676-1740 135
6 Class Conflicts, 1724-1740 173
Pt. III Reactions: Ideology and Religion
7 The Emergence of Patriarchism, 1700-1740 197
8 Baptism and Bondage, 1700-1740 236
Coda: Foul Means Must Do, What Fair Will Not 265
App. 1 Black Headright Patents 269
App. 2 St. Peter's Parish 276
Index 285
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