Foundation Design: Principles and Practices / Edition 2

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Overview

Using a design-oriented approach that addresses geotechnical, structural, and construction aspects of foundation engineering, this book explores practical methods of designing structural foundations, while emphasizing and explaining how and why foundations behave the way they do. It explains the theories and experimental data behind the design procedures, and how to apply this information to real-world problems. Covers general principles (performance requirements, soil mechanics, site exploration and characterization); shallow foundations (bearing capacity, settlement, spread footings -- geotechnical design, spread footings -- structural design, mats); deep foundations (axial load capacity -- full-scale load tests, static methods, dynamic methods; lateral load capacity; structural design); special topics (foundations on weak and compressible soils, foundation on expansive soils, foundations on collapsible soils); and earth retaining structures (lateral earth pressures, cantilever retaining walls, sheet pile walls, soldier pile walls, internally stabilized earth retaining structures). For geotechnical engineers, soils engineers, structural engineers, and foundation engineers.

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Editorial Reviews

Booknews
A textbook for a graduate or undergraduate course in foundation engineering for students who have completed a college-level course in soil mechanics and at least an introduction to structural engineering. Coduto (civil engineering, California State Polytechnic U.-Pomona) covers both the fundamentals and their application to practical engineering problems. He mentions no date for the first edition, but has revised the second based on comments the first and his use of it in his own course. The chapter on deep foundations has been completely reorganized and rewritten, and new chapters added on reliability-based design and sheet pile walls. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780135897065
  • Publisher: Prentice Hall
  • Publication date: 7/10/2000
  • Edition description: REV
  • Edition number: 2
  • Pages: 883
  • Sales rank: 373,440
  • Product dimensions: 7.40 (w) x 9.30 (h) x 2.20 (d)

Read an Excerpt

Preface

Foundation Design: Principles and Practices is primarily intended for use as a textbook in undergraduate and graduate-level foundation engineering courses. It also serves well as a reference book for practicing engineers. As the title infers, this book covers both "principles" (the fundamentals of foundation engineering) and "practices" (the application of these principles to practical engineering problems). Readers should have already completed at least one university-level course in soil mechanics, and should have had at least an introduction to structural engineering.

This second edition contains many improvements and enhancements. These have been the result of comments and suggestions from those who used the first edition, my own experience using it at Cal Poly Pomona, and recent advances in the state-of-the-art. The chapters on deep foundations have been completely reorganized and rewritten, and new chapters on reliability-based design and sheet pile walls have been added. Extraneous material has been eliminated, and certain analysis methods have been clarified and simplified. The manuscript was extensively tested in the classroom before going to press. This classroom testing allowed me to evaluate and refine the text, the example problems, the homework problems, and the software.

Key features of this book include:

  • Integration with Geotechnical Engineering: Principles and Practices (Coduto, 1999), including consistent notation, terminology, analysis methods, and coordinated development of topics. However, readers who were introduced to geotechnical engineering using another text can easily transition to this book byreviewing the material in Chapters 3 and 4.
  • Consideration of the geotechnical, structural, and construction engineering aspects of the design process, including emphasis on the roles of each discipline and the interrelationships between them.
  • Frequent discussions of the sources and approximate magnitudes of uncertainties, along with comparisons of predicted and actual behavior.
  • Use of both English and SI units, because engineers in North America and many other parts of the world need to be conversant in both systems.
  • Integration of newly-developed Excel spreadsheets for foundation analysis and design. These spreadsheet files may be downloaded from the Prentice Hall website (www.prenhall.com/coduto). They are introduced only after the reader learns how to perform the analyses by manual computations.
  • Extensive use of example problems, many of which are new to this edition.
  • Inclusion of carefully developed homework problems distributed throughout the chapters, with comprehensive problems at the end of each chapter. Many of these problems are new or revised.
  • Discussions of recent advances in foundation engineering, including Statnamic testing, load and resistance factor design (LRFD), and applications of the cone penetration test (CPT).
  • Inclusion of extensive bibliographic references for those wishing to study certain topics in more detail.
  • An instructor's manual is available to faculty. It may be obtained from your Prentice Hall campus representative.
Acknowledgements

Many friends, colleagues, and other professionals contributed to this work. Much of the book is the product of their stimulating discussions, constructive reviews, and support. Professor Joseph Caliendo of Utah State University was especially helpful. Stanley Vitton (Michigan Technological University), Samuel Clemence (Syracuse University), Richard Handy (Iowa State University), Raymond Moore (University of Nebraska), John Horvath (Manhattan College), Jose Pires (University of California, Irvine), Paul Chan (New Jersey Institute of Technology), William and Sandra Houston (Arizona State University), and others reviewed part or all of the manuscripts for the first or second editions and provided many useful suggestions and comments. Iraj Noorany (San Diego State University), Michael O'Neill (University of Houston), Major William Kitch (U.S. Air Force Academy), James Olson (University of Vermont), Samuel Paikowsky (University of Massachusetts, Lowell), Richard W. Stephenson (University of Missouri, Rolla), William Kovacs (University of Rhode Island), Dan Burgess, Rick Drake (Fluor Daniel), Bengt Fellenius (Urkkada Technology), Mohamad Hussein (Goble, Rausche, Likins), and others also provided useful suggestions and advice.

A special note of thanks goes to the foundation engineering students at Cal Poly University who used various draft manuscripts of this book as a makeshift text. Their constructive comments and suggestions have made this book much more useful, and their proofreading has helped eliminate mistakes.

I welcome any constructive comments and suggestions from those who use this book. Please mail them to me at the Civil Engineering Department, Cal Poly University, Pomona, CA 91768.

Donald P. Coduto

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Table of Contents

(NOTE: Most chapters include Questions and Practice Problems, Summary, and Comprehensive Questions and Practice Problems.)

I. GENERAL PRINCIPLES.

1. Foundations in Civil Engineering.

The Emergence of Modern Foundation Engineering. The Foundation Engineer. Uncertainties. Building Codes. Classification of Foundations.

2. Performance Requirements.

Design Loads. Strength Requirements. Serviceability Requirements. Constructibility Requirements. Economic Requirements.

3. Soil Mechanics.

Soil Composition. Soil Classification. Groundwater. Stress. Compressibility and Settlement. Strength.

4. Site Exploration and Characterization.

Site Exploration. Laboratory Testing. In-Situ Testing. Synthesis of Field and Laboratory Data. Economics.

II. SHALLOW FOUNDATION ANALYSIS AND DESIGN.

5. Shallow Foundations.

Spread Footings. Mats. Bearing Pressure.

6. Shallow Foundations—Bearing Capacity.

Bearing Capacity Failures. Bearing Capacity Analyses in Soil—General Shear Case. Groundwater Effects. Allowable Bearing Capacity. Selection of Soil Strength Parameters. Bearing Capacity Analyses—Local and Punching Shear Cases. Bearing Capacity on Layered Soils. Accuracy of Bearing Capacity Analyses. Bearing Spreadsheet.

7. Shallow Foundations—Settlement.

Design Requirements. Overview of Settlement Analysis Methods. Induced Stresses beneath Shallow Foundations. Settlement Analyses Based on Laboratory Tests. Settlement Spreadsheet. Settlement Analyses Based on In-Situ Tests. Schmertmann Spreadsheet. Settlement of Foundations of Stratified Soils. Differential Settlement. Rate of Settlement. Accuracy of Settlement Predictions.

8. Spread Footings—Geotechnical Design.

Design for Concentric Downward Loads. Design for Eccentric or Moment Loads. Design for Shear Loads. Design for Wind or Seismic Loads. Lightly-Loaded Footings. Footings on or near Slopes. Footings on Frozen Soils. Footings on Soils Prone to Scour. Footings on Rock.

9. Spread Footings—Structural Design.

Selection of Materials. Basis for Design Methods. Design Loads. Minimum Cover Requirements and Standard Dimensions. Square Footings. Continuous Footings. Rectangular Footings. Combined Footings. Lightly-Loaded Footings. Connections with the Superstructure.

10. Mats.

Rigid Methods. Nonrigid Methods. Determining the Coefficient of Subgrade Reaction. Structural Design. Settlement. Bearing Capacity.

III. DEEP FOUNDATION ANALYSIS AND DESIGN.

11. Deep Foundations.

Types of Deep Foundations and Definitions. Load Transfer. Piles. Drilled Shafts. Caissons. Mandrel-Driven Thin-Shells Filled with Concrete. Auger-Cast Piles. Pressure-Injected Footings. Pile-Supported and Pile-Enhanced Mats. Anchors.

12. Deep Foundations—Structural Integrity.

Design Philosophy. Loads and Stresses. Piles. Drilled Shafts. Caps. Grade Beams.

13. Deep Foundations—Axial Load Capacity Based on Static Load Tests.

Load Transfer. Conventional Load Tests. Interpretation of Test Results. Mobilization of Soil Resistance. Instrumented Load Tests. Osterberg Load Tests. When and Where to Use Full-Scale Load Tests.

14. Deep Foundations—Axial Load Capacity Based on Analytical Methods.

Changes in Soil during Construction. Toe Bearing. Side Friction. Upward Load Capacity. Analyses Based on CPT Results. Group Effects. Settlement.

15. Deep Foundations—Axial Load Capacity Based on Dynamic Methods.

Pile-Driving Formulas. Wave Equation Analyses. High-Strain Dynamic Testing. Low-Strain Dynamic Testing. Conclusions.

16. Deep Foundations—Lateral Load Capacity.

Batter Piles. Response to Lateral Loads. Methods of Evaluating Lateral Load Capacity. p-y Method. Evans and Duncan's Method. Group Effects. Improving Lateral Capacity.

17. Deep Foundations—Design.

Design Service Loads and Allowable Definitions. Subsurface Characterization. Foundation Type. Lateral Load Capacity. Axial Load Capacity. Driveability. Structural Design. Special Design Considerations. Verification and Redesign during Construction. Integrity Testing.

IV. SPECIAL TOPICS.

18. Foundations on Weak and Compressible Soils.

Deep Foundations. Shallow Foundations. Floating Foundations. Soil Improvement.

19. Foundations on Expansive Soils.

The Nature, Origin, and Occurrence of Expansive Soils. Identifying, Testing, and Evaluating Expansive Soils. Estimating Potential Heave. Typical Structural Distress Patterns. Preventive Design and Construction Measures. Other Sources of Heave.

20. Foundations on Collapsible Soils.

Origin and Occurrence of Collapsible Soils. Identification, Sampling, and Testing. Wetting Processes. Settlement Computations. Collapse in Deep Compacted Fills. Preventive and Remedial Measures.

21. Reliability-Based Design.

Methods. LRFD for Structural Strength Requirements. LRFD for Geotechnical Strength Requirements. Serviceability Requirements. The Role of Engineering Judgement. Transition of LRFD.

V. EARTH RETAINING STRUCTURE ANALYSIS AND DESIGN.

22. Earth-Retaining Structures.

Externally Stabilized Systems. Internally Stabilized Systems.

23. Lateral Earth Pressures.

Horizontal Stresses in Soil. Classical Lateral Earth Pressure Theories. Lateral Earth Pressures in Soils with c …ô and … …ô 0. Equivalent Fluid Method. Presumptive Lateral Earth Pressures. Lateral Earth Pressures from Surcharge Loads. Groundwater Effects. Practical Application.

24. Cantilever Retaining Walls.

External Stability. Retwall Spreadsheet. Internal Stability (Structural Design). Drainage and Waterproofing. Avoidance of Frost Heave Problems.

25. Sheet Pile Walls.

Materials. Construction Methods and Equipment. Cantilever Sheet Pile Walls. Braced or Anchored Sheet Pile Walls.

Appendix A: Unit Conversion Factors.

Appendix B: Computer Software.

References.

Index.

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Preface

Preface

Foundation Design: Principles and Practices is primarily intended for use as a textbook in undergraduate and graduate-level foundation engineering courses. It also serves well as a reference book for practicing engineers. As the title infers, this book covers both "principles" (the fundamentals of foundation engineering) and "practices" (the application of these principles to practical engineering problems). Readers should have already completed at least one university-level course in soil mechanics, and should have had at least an introduction to structural engineering.

This second edition contains many improvements and enhancements. These have been the result of comments and suggestions from those who used the first edition, my own experience using it at Cal Poly Pomona, and recent advances in the state-of-the-art. The chapters on deep foundations have been completely reorganized and rewritten, and new chapters on reliability-based design and sheet pile walls have been added. Extraneous material has been eliminated, and certain analysis methods have been clarified and simplified. The manuscript was extensively tested in the classroom before going to press. This classroom testing allowed me to evaluate and refine the text, the example problems, the homework problems, and the software.

Key features of this book include:

  • Integration with Geotechnical Engineering: Principles and Practices (Coduto, 1999), including consistent notation, terminology, analysis methods, and coordinated development of topics. However, readers who were introduced to geotechnical engineering using another text can easily transition to this book by reviewing the material in Chapters 3 and 4.
  • Consideration of the geotechnical, structural, and construction engineering aspects of the design process, including emphasis on the roles of each discipline and the interrelationships between them.
  • Frequent discussions of the sources and approximate magnitudes of uncertainties, along with comparisons of predicted and actual behavior.
  • Use of both English and SI units, because engineers in North America and many other parts of the world need to be conversant in both systems.
  • Integration of newly-developed Excel spreadsheets for foundation analysis and design. These spreadsheet files may be downloaded from the Prentice Hall website (www.prenhall.com/coduto). They are introduced only after the reader learns how to perform the analyses by manual computations.
  • Extensive use of example problems, many of which are new to this edition.
  • Inclusion of carefully developed homework problems distributed throughout the chapters, with comprehensive problems at the end of each chapter. Many of these problems are new or revised.
  • Discussions of recent advances in foundation engineering, including Statnamic testing, load and resistance factor design (LRFD), and applications of the cone penetration test (CPT).
  • Inclusion of extensive bibliographic references for those wishing to study certain topics in more detail.
  • An instructor's manual is available to faculty. It may be obtained from your Prentice Hall campus representative.

Acknowledgements

Many friends, colleagues, and other professionals contributed to this work. Much of the book is the product of their stimulating discussions, constructive reviews, and support. Professor Joseph Caliendo of Utah State University was especially helpful. Stanley Vitton (Michigan Technological University), Samuel Clemence (Syracuse University), Richard Handy (Iowa State University), Raymond Moore (University of Nebraska), John Horvath (Manhattan College), Jose Pires (University of California, Irvine), Paul Chan (New Jersey Institute of Technology), William and Sandra Houston (Arizona State University), and others reviewed part or all of the manuscripts for the first or second editions and provided many useful suggestions and comments. Iraj Noorany (San Diego State University), Michael O'Neill (University of Houston), Major William Kitch (U.S. Air Force Academy), James Olson (University of Vermont), Samuel Paikowsky (University of Massachusetts, Lowell), Richard W. Stephenson (University of Missouri, Rolla), William Kovacs (University of Rhode Island), Dan Burgess, Rick Drake (Fluor Daniel), Bengt Fellenius (Urkkada Technology), Mohamad Hussein (Goble, Rausche, Likins), and others also provided useful suggestions and advice.

A special note of thanks goes to the foundation engineering students at Cal Poly University who used various draft manuscripts of this book as a makeshift text. Their constructive comments and suggestions have made this book much more useful, and their proofreading has helped eliminate mistakes.

I welcome any constructive comments and suggestions from those who use this book. Please mail them to me at the Civil Engineering Department, Cal Poly University, Pomona, CA 91768.

Donald P. Coduto

Read More Show Less

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