Foundation of Physiological Psychology / Edition 3

Foundation of Physiological Psychology / Edition 3

by Neil R. Carlson
     
 

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ISBN-10: 0205158056

ISBN-13: 9780205158058

Pub. Date: 12/28/1994

Publisher: Allyn & Bacon, Inc.

A revision of the successful book that incorporates the most up-to-date changes from the quick paced field of biological psychology. Completely re-written and re-conceived in every edition, this book marries the clinical aspects of the field with the roots of biological research. The author uses many human examples to help make the material interesting and

Overview

A revision of the successful book that incorporates the most up-to-date changes from the quick paced field of biological psychology. Completely re-written and re-conceived in every edition, this book marries the clinical aspects of the field with the roots of biological research. The author uses many human examples to help make the material interesting and relevant to readers. For Intro Psychology students, or anyone with an interest in physiological psychology, biological psychology, or neuroscience.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780205158058
Publisher:
Allyn & Bacon, Inc.
Publication date:
12/28/1994
Edition description:
Older Edition
Pages:
482
Product dimensions:
8.79(w) x 11.24(h) x 0.86(d)

Table of Contents

Preface xiii
1 The Origins of Physiological Psychology
1(22)
Prologue
2(1)
Understanding Self-Awareness: A Physiological Approach
3(4)
Blindsight
3(1)
Split Brains
4(2)
INTERIM SUMMARY
6(1)
The Nature of Physiological Psychology
7(7)
The Goals of Research
7(1)
Biological Roots of Physiological Psychology
8(3)
Functionalism: Natural Selection and Evolution
11(3)
INTERIM SUMMARY
14(1)
Ethical Issues in Research with Animals
14(3)
Careers in Neuroscience
17(3)
INTERIM SUMMARY
18(2)
Epilogue
20(2)
Key Concepts
22(1)
New Terms
22(1)
Suggested Readings
22(1)
Cells of the Nervous System
23(36)
Prologue
24(1)
Cells of the Nervous System
25(8)
Neurons
25(4)
Supporting Cells of the Nervous System
29(3)
The Blood-Brain Barrier
32(1)
INTERIM SUMMARY
33(1)
Neural Communication
33(12)
An Overview
34(1)
Measurement of Electrical Potentials of Axons
35(2)
The Membrane Potential: Balance of Two Forces
37(3)
The Action Potential
40(2)
Conduction of the Action Potential
42(3)
INTERIM SUMMARY
45(1)
Synaptic Transmission
45(10)
Structure of Synapses
46(1)
Release of Transmitter Substance
47(1)
Activation of Receptors
48(2)
Postsynaptic Potentials
50(3)
Termination of the Postsynaptic Potential
53(1)
Autoreceptors
54(1)
INTERIM SUMMARY
54(1)
Epilogue
55(2)
Key Concepts
57(1)
New Terms
57(1)
Suggested Readings
58(1)
3 Drugs and Behavior
59(23)
Prologue
60(1)
Transmitter Substances
60(8)
The Concept of Chemical Communication
61(1)
Acetylcholine
62(1)
The Monoamines
63(2)
Amino Acid Neurotransmitters
65(2)
Peptides
67(1)
Lipids
67(1)
Soluble Gases
67(1)
INTERIM SUMMARY
68(1)
Pharmacology of Synapses
68(4)
Effects on Production of Transmitter Substances
68(1)
Effects on Storage and Release of Transmitter Substances
69(1)
Effects on Receptors
70(1)
Effects on Reuptake or Destruction of Transmitter Substances
71(1)
INTERIM SUMMARY
72(1)
Drugs That Affect Behavior
72(8)
Drugs That Cause Sedation
72(3)
Drugs That Cause Excitation
75(1)
Drugs That Modify Perceptions or Produce Hallucinations
76(1)
Psychotherapeutic Drugs
77(1)
Analgesic Drugs
78(1)
INTERIM SUMMARY
79(1)
Epilogue
80(1)
Key Concepts
81(1)
New Terms
81(1)
Suggested Readings
81(1)
4 Structure and Functions of the Nervous System
82(26)
Prologue
83(1)
Basic Features of the Nervous System
84(4)
Basic Nomenclature
84(1)
An Overview
85(1)
Meninges
85(1)
The Ventricular System
86(2)
INTERIM SUMMARY
88(1)
The Central Nervous System
88(12)
Development of the Central Nervous System
88(2)
The Forebrain
90(7)
The Midbrain
97(1)
The Hindbrain
98(1)
The Spinal Cord
98(2)
INTERIM SUMMARY
100(1)
The Peripheral Nervous System
100(4)
Spinal Nerves
100(1)
Cranial Nerves
101(1)
Autonomic Nervous System
101(3)
INTERIM SUMMARY
104(1)
Epilogue
104(2)
Key Concepts
106(1)
New Terms
106(1)
Suggested Readings
107(1)
5 Methods and Strategies of Research
108(28)
Prologue
109(1)
Experimental Ablation
110(12)
Evaluating the Behavioral Effects of Brain Damage
110(1)
Producing Brain Lesions
111(2)
Stereotaxic Surgery
113(1)
Histological Methods
114(2)
Tracing Neural Connections
116(3)
Study of the Living Human Brain
119(2)
INTERIM SUMMARY
121(1)
Recording and Stimulating Neural Activity
122(7)
Recording of Neural Activity
122(2)
Recording the Brain's Metabolic and Synaptic Activity
124(1)
Measuring the Brain's Secretions
125(2)
Stimulating Neural Activity
127(1)
INTERIM SUMMARY
128(1)
Neurochemical Methods
129(4)
Finding Neurons that Produce Particular Neurochemicals
129(3)
Localizing Particular Receptors
132(1)
INTERIM SUMMARY
133(1)
Epilogue
133(1)
Key Concepts
134(1)
New Terms
135(1)
Suggested Readings
135(1)
6 Vision
136(33)
Prologue
137(1)
The Stimulus
137(2)
Anatomy of the Visual System
139(5)
The Eyes
139(2)
Photoreceptors
141(1)
Connections Between Eye and Brain
142(2)
INTERIM SUMMARY
144(1)
Coding of Visual Information in the Retina
144(6)
Coding of Light and Dark
145(1)
Coding of Color
146(4)
INTERIM SUMMARY
150(1)
Analysis of Visual Information: Role of the Striate Cortex
150(6)
Anatomy of the Striate Cortex
150(1)
Orientation and Movement
151(1)
Spatial Frequency
152(2)
Retinal Disparity
154(1)
Color
154(1)
Modular Organization of the Striate Cortex
155(1)
INTERIM SUMMARY
155(1)
Analysis of Visual Information: Role of the Visual Association Cortex
156(10)
Two Streams of Visual Analysis
156(1)
Perception of Color
157(1)
Analysis of Form
158(3)
Perception of Movement
161(2)
Perception of Location
163(2)
INTERIM SUMMARY
165(1)
Epilogue
166(1)
Key Concepts
167(1)
New Terms
168(1)
Suggested Readings
168(1)
7 Audition, the Body Senses, and the Chemical Senses
169(33)
Prologue
170(12)
Audition
171(1)
The Stimulus
171(1)
The Ear
172(2)
Auditory Hair Cells and the Transduction of Auditory Information
174(2)
The Auditory Pathway
176(1)
Detection of Pitch
177(1)
Detection of Loudness
178(1)
Detection of Timbre
178(1)
Detection of the Location of Sounds
179(1)
Behavioral Functions of the Auditory System
180(1)
INTERIM SUMMARY
181(1)
Vestibular System
182(3)
The Vestibular Apparatus
182(1)
The Receptor Cells
183(1)
The Vestibular Pathway
183(2)
INTERIM SUMMARY
185(1)
Somatosenses
185(6)
The Stimuli
185(1)
Anatomy of the Skin and Its Receptive Organs
186(1)
Detection of Cutaneous Stimulation
186(2)
The Somatosensory Pathways
188(1)
Perception of Pain
189(2)
INTERIM SUMMARY
191(1)
Gustation
191(4)
The Stimuli
191(1)
Anatomy of the Taste Buds and Gustatory Cells
192(1)
Detection of Gustatory Information
193(1)
The Gustatory Pathway
193(1)
Neural Coding of Taste
194(1)
INTERIM SUMMARY
194(1)
Olfaction
195(3)
The Stimulus
195(1)
Anatomy of the Olfactory Apparatus
195(1)
Transduction of Olfactory Information
196(1)
Detection of Specific Odors
197(1)
INTERIM SUMMARY
197(1)
Epilogue
198(2)
Key Concepts
200(1)
New Terms
200(1)
Suggested Readings
201(1)
8 Control of Movement
202(23)
Prologue
203(1)
Muscles
204(3)
Skeletal Muscle
204(2)
Smooth Muscle
206(1)
Cardiac Muscle
206(1)
INTERIM SUMMARY
206(1)
Reflexive Control of Movement
207(3)
The Monosynaptic Stretch Reflex
207(1)
The Gamma Motor System
207(2)
A Polysynaptic Reflex
209(1)
INTERIM SUMMARY
209(1)
Control of Movement by the Brain
210(12)
Organization of Motor Cortex
210(1)
Cortical Control of Movement
211(3)
Deficits of Verbally Controlled Movements: The Apraxias
214(2)
The Basal Ganglia
216(3)
The Cerebellum
219(2)
The Reticular Formation
221(1)
INTERIM SUMMARY
221(1)
Epilogue
222(2)
Key Concepts
224(1)
New Terms
224(1)
Suggested Readings
224(1)
9 Sleep
225(33)
Prologue
226(1)
A Physiological and Behavioral Description
227(4)
INTERIM SUMMARY
230(1)
Why Do We Sleep?
231(7)
Sleep as an Adaptive Response
231(1)
Sleep as a Restorative Process
232(4)
The Functions of REM Sleep
236(1)
INTERIM SUMMARY
237(1)
Disorders of Sleep
238(3)
Insomnia
238(1)
Problems Associated with REM Sleep
239(2)
Problems Associated with Slow-Wave Sleep
241(1)
INTERIM SUMMARY
241(1)
Biological Clocks
241(4)
Circadian Rhythms and Zeitgebers
241(2)
Role of the Suprachiasmatic Nucleus
243(2)
INTERIM SUMMARY
245(1)
Physiological Mechanisms of Sleep and Waking
245(9)
Chemical Control of Sleep
245(1)
Neural Control of Arousal
246(3)
Neural Control of Slow-Wave Sleep
249(1)
Neural Control of REM Sleep
250(4)
INTERIM SUMMARY
254(1)
Epilogue
254(2)
Key Concepts
256(1)
New Terms
256(1)
Suggested Readings
257(1)
10 Reproductive Behavior
258(34)
Prologue
259(1)
Sexual Development
260(6)
Production of Gametes and Fertilization
260(1)
Development of the Sex Organs
261(2)
Sexual Maturation
263(2)
INTERIM SUMMARY
265(1)
Hormonal Control of Sexual Behavior
266(13)
Hormonal Control of Female Reproductive Cycles
266(1)
Hormonal Control of Sexual Behavior of Laboratory Animals
267(1)
Organizational Effects of Androgens on Behavior: Masculinization and Defeminization
268(1)
Effects of Pheromones
269(3)
Human Sexual Behavior
272(6)
INTERIM SUMMARY
278(1)
Neural Control of Sexual Behavior
279(5)
Males
280(2)
Females
282(1)
INTERIM SUMMARY
283(1)
Maternal Behavior
284(5)
Maternal Behavior in Rodents
284(1)
Stimuli That Elicit and Maintain Maternal Behavior
285(1)
Hormonal Control of Maternal Behavior
286(1)
Neural Control of Maternal Behavior
287(1)
INTERIM SUMMARY
288(1)
Epilogue
289(1)
Key Concepts
290(1)
New Terms
291(1)
Suggested Readings
291(1)
11 Emotion and Stress
292(34)
Prologue
293(1)
Emotions as Response Patterns
294(9)
Neural Control of Emotional Response Patterns
294(3)
Perception of Stimuli with Emotional Significance
297(5)
INTERIM SUMMARY
302(1)
Expression and Recognition of Emotions
303(4)
Facial Expression of Emotions: Innate Responses
303(1)
Neural Basis of Communication of Emotions
304(2)
INTERIM SUMMARY
306(1)
Feelings of Emotions
307(1)
The James-Lange Theory
307(1)
INTERIM SUMMARY
308(1)
Aggressive Behavior
308(5)
Nature and Functions of Aggressive Behavior
308(1)
Neural Control of Aggressive Behavior
309(1)
Hormonal Control of Aggressive Behavior
310(3)
INTERIM SUMMARY
313(1)
Stress
313(9)
Stress and Health
314(1)
Physiology of the Stress Response
314(2)
The Coping Response
316(1)
Stress and Cardiovascular Disease
317(1)
Psychoneuroimmunology
318(4)
INTERIM SUMMARY
322(1)
Epilogue
322(2)
Key Concepts
324(1)
New Terms
325(1)
Suggested Readings
325(1)
12 Ingestive Behavior
326(33)
Prologue
327(1)
Physiological Regulatory Systems
328(7)
Drinking
329(1)
Some Facts about Fluid Balance
329(1)
Two Types of Thirst
330(3)
Neural Mechanisms of Thirst
333(1)
INTERIM SUMMARY
334(1)
Eating and Metabolism
335(3)
Absorption, Fasting, and the Two Nutrient Reservoirs
335(3)
INTERIM SUMMARY
338(1)
What Starts a Meal?
338(5)
Social and Environmental Factors
339(1)
Dietary Selection: Responding to the Consequences
339(1)
Depletion of Nutrients
340(3)
INTERIM SUMMARY
343(1)
What Stops a Meal?
343(4)
Head Factors
344(1)
Gastric Factors
344(1)
Intestinal Factors
345(1)
Liver Factors
346(1)
Long-Term Satiety Factors
346(1)
INTERIM SUMMARY
346(1)
Neural Mechanisms
347(5)
Brain Stem
347(1)
Hypothalamus
348(3)
INTERIM SUMMARY
351(1)
Eating Disorders
352(4)
Obesity
352(2)
Anorexia Nervosa/Bulimia Nervosa
354(1)
INTERIM SUMMARY
355(1)
Epilogue
356(1)
Key Concepts
357(1)
New Terms
358(1)
Suggested Readings
358(1)
13 Learning and Memory
359(40)
Prologue
360(1)
The Nature of Learning
361(4)
INTERIM SUMMARY
365(1)
Perceptual Learning
365(4)
INTERIM SUMMARY
369(1)
Mechanisms of Synaptic Plasticity
369(7)
Induction of Long-Term Potentiation
369(2)
Role of NMDA Receptors
371(2)
Mechanisms of Synaptic Strengthening
373(3)
INTERIM SUMMARY
376(1)
S-R Learning
376(8)
Classical Conditioning
376(2)
Instrumental Conditioning
378(6)
INTERIM SUMMARY
384(1)
Relational Learning
384(12)
Human Anterograde Amnesia
385(1)
Spared Learning Abilities
386(3)
Relational Learning in Laboratory Animals
389(4)
A Theory of Hippocampal Functioning
393(2)
INTERIM SUMMARY
395(1)
Epilogue
396(1)
Key Concepts
397(1)
New Terms
398(1)
Suggested Readings
398(1)
14 Human Communication
399(30)
Prologue
400(1)
Speech Production and Comprehension: Brain Mechanisms
401(15)
Lateralization
401(1)
Speech Production
402(3)
Speech Comprehension
405(8)
Prosody: Rhythm, Tone, and Emphasis in Speech
413(1)
INTERIM SUMMARY
414(2)
Reading and Writing Disorders
416(10)
Relation to Aphasia
416(1)
Pure Alexia
416(2)
Toward an Understanding of Reading
418(4)
Toward an Understanding of Writing
422(2)
Developmental Dyslexias
424(1)
INTERIM SUMMARY
425(1)
Epilogue
426(2)
Key Concepts
428(1)
New Terms
428(1)
Suggested Readings
428(1)
15 Neurological Disorders
429(21)
Prologue
430(1)
Tumors
431(2)
Seizure Disorders
433(4)
Cerebrovascular Accidents
437(2)
INTERIM SUMMARY
438(1)
Disorders of Development
439(3)
Toxic Chemicals
439(1)
Inherited Metabolic Disorders
439(2)
Down Syndrome
441(1)
INTERIM SUMMARY
441(1)
Degenerative Disorders
442(3)
Parkinson's Disease
442(1)
Alzheimer's Disease
442(2)
Multiple Sclerosis
444(1)
INTERIM SUMMARY
445(1)
Disorders Caused by Infectious Diseases
445(2)
INTERIM SUMMARY
446(1)
Epilogue
447(1)
Key Concepts
448(1)
New Terms
448(1)
Suggested Readings
449(1)
16 Mental Disorders
450(34)
Prologue
451(1)
Schizophrenia
452(7)
Description
452(1)
Heritability
453(1)
The Dopamine Hypothesis
454(2)
Schizophrenia as a Neurological Disorder
456(2)
INTERIM SUMMARY
458(1)
Major Affective Disorders
459(7)
Description
459(1)
Heritability
460(1)
Physiological Treatments
460(2)
The Monoamine Hypothesis
462(1)
Role of Circadian Rhythms
463(2)
INTERIM SUMMARY
465(1)
Anxiety Disorders
466(5)
Panic Disorder
466(1)
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
467(3)
INTERIM SUMMARY
470(1)
Addiction
471(9)
Characteristics of Addictive Substances
471(6)
Genetics of Addiction
477(2)
INTERIM SUMMARY
479(1)
Concluding Remarks
480(1)
Epilogue
481(1)
Key Concepts
482(1)
New Terms
483(1)
Suggested Readings
483(1)
Glossary 484(18)
References 502(22)
Name Index 524(6)
Subject Index 530

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