Foundation Philosophy Science: Recent Developments / Edition 1

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781557784803
  • Publisher: Paragon House Publishers
  • Publication date: 4/24/1998
  • Series: Paragon Issues in Philosophy Series
  • Edition description: 1st ed
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 512
  • Product dimensions: 6.06 (w) x 9.22 (h) x 1.43 (d)

Table of Contents

General Introduction
I The Language Framework
Principles of Definition 7
Logical Analysis of Language 17
Two Dogmas of Empiricism 23
II Laws and Lawlikeness
The Problem of Counterfactual Conditionals 45
The Goodman Paradox and the New Riddle of Induction 59
Universals, Dispositions, and Natural or Physical Necessity 73
III The Structure of Theories
Theories and Nonobservables 96
What's Wrong with the Received View on the Structure of Scientific Theories? 110
Provisoes : A Problem Concerning the Inferential Function of Scientific Theories 127
IV Explanation and Prediction
Explanation in Science and in History 146
Statistical Explanation 164
A Single Case Propensity Theory of Explanation 184
V Probability and Inference
Probability and Objectivity in Deterministic and Indeterministic Situations 210
Dynamic Rationality: Propensity, Probability, and Credence 224
Probability, Inference, and Decision 250
VI The Problem of Induction
An Encounter with David Hume 277
Recent Problems of Induction 299
The Justification of Induction 316
VII The Growth of Scientific Knowledge
Science: Conjectures and Refutations 341
Logic of Discovery or Psychology of Research? 364
History of Science and Its Rational Reconstructions 381
VIII The Nature of Scientific Knowledge
Three Views Concerning Human Knowledge 421
The Nature of Natural Knowledge 441
On Naturalizing Epistemology 451
Postscript: The Scientific Attitude and Fallibilism 479
For Further Reading 493
Index of Names 497
Index of Subjects 503
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