Foundations First with Readings: Sentences and Paragraphs / Edition 3

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Authors of widely adopted college texts, Laurie Kirszner and Stephen Mandell have taught college composition and basic writing for more than twenty-five years. Using their finely-tuned sense of what works best in the classroom, they have created Foundations First: Sentences and Paragraphs and Writing First: Practice in Context, an innovative, accessible two-book sequence that teaches students fundamental writing and grammar skills in the context of their own writing. Treating students with respect — a hallmark of the Kirszner and Mandell approach — both books also address study skills, ESL concerns, vocabulary development, and critical reading, providing beginning writers with all the support they need to master the essentials of good writing.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
"Foundations First is a strong text that is easily accessible to students from a wide variety of backgrounds."

— Debra Justice, Hopkinsville Community College, KY

"It's a great text that is suited for both ESL and native speaker populations. The language is both appropriate and challenging for students. It provides a nice range of exercises and the companion Web site is a great resource. It also has two workbooks with supplemental exercises."

— Michal Eskayo, St. Augustine College, IL

"This is an accessible, comprehensive, and interesting text."

— Dennielle True, Manatee Community College

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780312459895
  • Publisher: Bedford/St. Martin's
  • Publication date: 11/14/2007
  • Edition description: Third Edition
  • Edition number: 3
  • Pages: 624
  • Product dimensions: 8.40 (w) x 10.70 (h) x 0.80 (d)

Meet the Author

LAURIE KIRSZNER teaches composition, literature, and creative writing at the University of the Sciences in Philadelphia. STEPHEN MANDELL is the founder and former director of the basic writing program at Drexel University, where he teaches composition, literature, and technical and business writing. During their more than 25-year collaboration, Kirszner and Mandell have produced a number of best-selling college texts for Bedford/St. Martin's, including Focus on Writing (2008), Writing First: Practice in Context (2006), and Patterns for College Writing (2007).

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Table of Contents

Brief Contents

Preface for Instructors

A Student's Guide to Using Foundations First

Self-Assessment Checklists for Revising and Editing Your Writing


1. Strategies for College Success

A. Orientation Strategies

B. First-Week Strategies

C. Day-to-Day Strategies

D. Note-Taking Strategies

E. Homework Strategies

F. Exam-Taking Strategies

G. Time-Management Strategies

H. Public-Speaking Strategies

]I. Internet Strategies

Review Checklist: Strategies for College Success

2. Reading for Academic Success

A. Becoming an Active Reader

B. Understanding the Reading Process

C. Reading in College, in the Community, and in the Workplace

Review Checklist: Reading for Academic Success


3. Writing a Paragraph

]A. Understanding Paragraph Structure

B. Focusing on Your Assignment, Purpose, and Audience

C. Finding Ideas to Write About

D. Identifying Your Main Idea and Writing a Topic Sentence

E. Choosing Supporting Points

F. Arranging Your Supporting Points

G. Drafting Your Paragraph

H. Revising Your Paragraph

Self-Assessment Checklist: Revising Your Paragraph

Review Checklist: Writing a Paragraph

4. Fine-Tuning Your Paragraph

A. Writing Unified Paragraphs

B. Writing Well-Developed Paragraphs

C. Writing Coherent Paragraphs

Chapter Review

Review Checklist: Fine-Tuning Your Paragraph

]5. Exemplification

What is Exemplification?

Self-Assessment Checklist: Writing an Exemplification Paragraph

Chapter Review

]6. Narration

What is Narration?

Self-Assessment Checklist: Writing a Narrative Paragraph

Chapter Review

]7. Description

What is Description?

Self-Assessment Checklist: Writing a Descriptive Paragraph

Chapter Review

]8. Process

What is Process?

Self-Assessment Checklist: Writing a Process Paragraph

Chapter Review

]9. Cause and Effect

What is Cause and Effect?

Self-Assessment Checklist: Writing a Cause-and-Effect Paragraph

Chapter Review

]10. Comparison and Contrast

What is Comparison and Contrast?

Subject-by-Subject Comparisons

Point-by-Point Comparisons

Self-Assessment Checklist: Writing a Comparison-and-Contrast Paragraph

Chapter Review

]11. Classification

What is Classification?

Self-Assessment Checklist: Writing a Classification Paragraph

Chapter Review

]12. Definition

What is Definition?

Self-Assessment Checklist: Writing a Definition Paragraph

Chapter Review

]13. Argument

What is Argument?

Self-Assessment Checklist: Writing an Argument Paragraph

Chapter Review

14. Moving from Paragraph to Essay

A. Understanding Essay Structure

B. Focusing on Your Assignment, Purpose, and Audience

C. Finding Ideas to Write About

D. Identifying Your Main Idea and Stating Your Thesis

E. Choosing Your Supporting Points

F. Drafting Your Essay

G. Revising and Editing Your Essay

Self-Assessment Checklist: Revising Your Essay

Self-Assessment Checklist: Editing Your Essay

Chapter Review

Review Checklist: Moving from Paragraph to Essay


15. Writing Simple Sentences

A. Identifying Subjects

B. Recognizing Singular and Plural Subjects

C. Identifying Prepositional Phrases

D. Identifying Action Verbs

E. Identifying Linking Verbs

F. Identifying Helping Verbs

Chapter Review

Review Checklist: Writing Simple Sentences

16. Writing Compound Sentences

A. Forming Compound Sentences with Coordinating Conjunctions

B. Forming Compound Sentences with Semicolons

C. Forming Compound Sentences with Transitional Words and Phrases

Chapter Review

Review Checklist: Writing Compound Sentences

17. Writing Complex Sentences

A. Forming Complex Sentences with Subordinating Conjunctions

B. Punctuating with Subordinating Conjunctions

C. Forming Complex Sentences with Relative Pronouns

Chapter Review

Review Checklist: Writing Complex Sentences

18. Fine-Tuning Your Sentences

A. Varying Sentence Openings

]B. Combining Sentences

C. Choosing Exact Words

D. Using Concise Language

E. Avoiding ClichŽs

Chapter Review

Review Checklist: Fine-Tuning Your Sentences

19. Using Parallelism

A. Recognizing Parallel Structure

B. Using Parallel Structure

Chapter Review

Review Checklist: Using Parallelism



20. Run-Ons

A. Recognizing Run-Ons

B. Correcting Run-Ons

Chapter Review

Review Checklist: Run-Ons

21. Sentence Fragments

A. Recognizing Sentence Fragments

B. Correcting Phrase Fragments

C. Correcting Incomplete-Verb Fragments

D. Correcting Dependent Clause Fragments

Chapter Review

Review Checklist: Sentence Fragments

22. Subject-Verb Agreement

A. Understanding Subject-Verb Agreement

B. Understanding Agreement with Be, Have, and Do

C. Understanding Agreement with Compound Subjects

D. Understanding Agreement When Words Come between the Subject and the Verb

E. Understanding Agreement with Indefinite Pronouns as Subjects

F. Understanding Agreement When the Verb Comes Before the Subject

Chapter Review

Review Checklist: Subject-Verb Agreement

23. Illogical Shifts

A. Avoiding Illogical Shifts in Tense

B. Avoiding Illogical Shifts in Person

C. Avoiding Illogical Shifts in Voice

Chapter Review

Review Checklist: Illogical Shifts

24. Dangling and Misplaced Modifiers

A. Identifying Present Participle Modifiers

B. Identifying Past Participle Modifiers

C. Correcting Dangling Modifiers

D. Correcting Misplaced Modifiers

Chapter Review

Review Checklist: Dangling and Misplaced Modifiers



25. Verbs: Past Tense

A. Understanding Regular Verbs in the Past Tense

B. Understanding Irregular Verbs in the Past Tense

C. Problem Verbs in the Past Tense: Be

D. Problem Verbs in the Past Tense: Can/Could and Will/Would

Chapter Review

Review Checklist: Verbs: Past Tense

26. Verbs: Past Participles

A. Identifying Regular Past Participles

B. Identifying Irregular Past Participles

C. Using the Present Perfect Tense

D. Using the Past Perfect Tense

E. Using Past Participles as Adjectives

Chapter Review

Review Checklist: Verbs: Past Participles

27. Nouns

A. Identifying Nouns

B. Recognizing Singular and Plural Nouns

C. Forming Plural Nouns

Chapter Review

Review Checklist: Nouns

28. Pronouns

A. Identifying Pronouns

B. Solving Special Problems with Pronoun-Antecedent Agreement

C. Eliminating Vague and Unnecessary Pronouns

D. Understanding Pronoun Case

E. Solving Special Problems with Pronoun Case

F. Identifying Reflexive and Intensive Pronouns

Chapter Review

Review Checklist: Pronouns

29. Adjectives and Adverbs

A. Identifying Adjectives and Adverbs

B. Understanding Comparatives and Superlatives

C. Identifying Demonstrative Adjectives

Chapter Review

Review Checklist: Adjectives and Adverbs

30. Grammar and Usage Issues for ESL Writers

A. Including Subjects in Sentences

B. Avoiding Special Problems with Subjects

C. Identifying Plural Nouns

D. Understanding Count and Noncount Nouns

E. Using Determiners with Count and Noncount Nouns

F. Understanding Articles

G. Forming Negative Statements and Questions

H. Indicating Verb Tense

I. Recognizing Stative Verbs

]J. Using Modal Auxiliaries

]K. Using Gerunds

L. Placing Modifiers in Order

M. Choosing Correct Prepositions

N. Using Prepositions in Familiar Expressions

O. Using Prepositions in Phrasal Verbs

Chapter Review

Review Checklist: Grammar and Usage Issues for ESL Writers



31. Using Commas

A. Using Commas in a Series

B. Using Commas to Set Off Introductory Phrases and Transitional Words and Phrases

C. Using Commas with Appositives

D. Using Commas to Set Off Nonrestrictive Clauses

E. Using Commas in Compound and Complex Sentences

F. Using Commas in Dates and Addresses

Chapter Review

Review Checklist: Using Commas

32. Using Apostrophes

A. Using Apostrophes to Form Contractions

B. Using Apostrophes to Form Possessives

C. Revising Incorrect Use of Apostrophes

Chapter Review

Review Checklist: Using Apostrophes

33. Using Other Punctuation Marks

A. Using Semicolons

B. Using Colons

C. Using Dashes and Parentheses

Chapter Review

Review Checklist: Using Other Punctuation Marks

34. Understanding Mechanics

A. Capitalizing Proper Nouns

B. Punctuating Direct Quotations

C. Setting Off Titles

D. Using Hyphens

E. Using Abbreviations

F. Using Numbers

Chapter Review

Review Checklist: Understanding Mechanics

35. Understanding Spelling

A. Becoming a Better Speller

B. Deciding between ie and ei

C. Understanding Prefixes

D. Understanding Suffixes

Chapter Review

Review Checklist: Understanding Spelling

36. Learning Commonly Confused Words

Chapter Review

Review Checklist: Learning Commonly Confused Words



37. Readings for Writers

Kiku Adatto, "Trigger-Happy Birthday"

]Bobbi Buchanan, "Don't Hang Up, That's My Mom Calling"

Jose Antonio Burciaga, "Tortillas"

]Tricia Capistrano, "Emil's Big Chance Leaves Me Uneasy"

]Henry Louis Gates, Jr., "Delusions of Grandeur"

Ray Hanania, "One of the Bad Guys?Ó

John Hartmire, "At the Heart of a Historic Movement"

]Danielle McLarin (student), "Boris Kosachev, Russian Pianist"

]Macarena Hern‡ndez, "America, Stand up for Justice and Decency"

]LiYuan Li, "Orange Crush"

Arthur Miller, "Before Air Conditioning"

Robb Moretti, "The Last Generation to Live on the Edge"

Thuy Nguyen (student), "Why We Need Animal Experimentation"

Joshua Piven and David Borgenicht, "How to Stop a Car with No Brakes"

Sara Price (student), "The Little Pretzel Lady"

Lucie Prinz, "Say Something"

Gerry Roll, "Reality TV's 'Hick Hunt' and the Appalachian Truth"

Carolyn Foster Segal, "The Dog Ate My Disk, and Other Tales of Woe"

Kimsohn Tang (student), "Take-Out Restaurant"

Linda S. Wallace, "A 'Good' American Citizen"

]Marc Williams (student), "The Online Alternative"

William Zinsser, "The Transaction"

Appendix A Building Word Power

1. Using a Dictionary

2. Word Power List

3. Your Personal Vocabulary List

Appendix B Strategies for Workplace Success

1. Defining Your Goals

2. Learning about Job Openings

3. Researching Companies and Organizations

4. Marketing Yourself

5. Sample Job-Application Materials

Answers to Odd-Numbered Exercises


Index of Rhetorical Patterns

Correction Symbols

Parts of Speech Chart

] new to this edition

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