Foundations of Clinical Hypnosis: From Theory to Practice


This comprehensive volume is certain to become an invaluable textbook in the burgeoning field of clinical hypnosis. In it Dr. Yager covers everything there is to know about how to translate theory into practice across the range of clinical settings. His clear and thoughtful perspective will inform those who are new to the field and expand the understanding of those who have more experience. The level of depth and detail is unparalleled, providing readers with a full education on...
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This comprehensive volume is certain to become an invaluable textbook in the burgeoning field of clinical hypnosis. In it Dr. Yager covers everything there is to know about how to translate theory into practice across the range of clinical settings. His clear and thoughtful perspective will inform those who are new to the field and expand the understanding of those who have more experience. The level of depth and detail is unparalleled, providing readers with a full education on the subject.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781845901226
  • Publisher: Crown House Publishing
  • Publication date: 9/28/2008
  • Pages: 300
  • Product dimensions: 6.10 (w) x 9.10 (h) x 0.90 (d)

Table of Contents

Preface vi

Part I Background 1

Chapter 1 Hypnosis as a Concept 3

Chapter 2 The Language of Hypnosis 7

Patterns 8

Good Practices 10

Authoritative versus Permissive Language 12

The Use of Confusion 12

The Use of Verbal Cues 12

The Use of Voice Shifts 13

Designing Direct Hypnotic Suggestions 13

Chapter 3 The Phenomena of Hypnosis 17

The Issue of Control 18

Expectation 20

Conditioning 21

Suggestibility 21

Hypnotic Susceptibility 22

The Nocebo Response 23

Trance Phenomena 25

Abreaction 25

Absence of Voluntary Activity 26

Access to Unconscious Intelligence 27

Age Regression 28

Anesthesia and Analgesia 28

The Use of Dissociation 28

Focus and Defocus of Attention 30

Hallucination 30

Hyper- and Hyposensitivity to Stimuli 30

Increased/Decreased Muscle Strength 31

Relaxation of Musculature 31

Release of Inhibition 32

Time Compression and Time Expansion 32

Subjectively Experienced Trance Phenomena 33

Observable Trance Phenomena 33

Eye Changes 33

Absence of Volitional Activity 34

Muscular Relaxation 34

Pattern of Breathing Shifts to Diaphragmatic 35

Conservation of Energy 35

Absence of the Swallow Reflex 35

Waking Hypnosis 35

Ideo-responses 36

Chapter 4 The Tools of Hypnosis 39

Trance 39

Suggestion 40

Age Regression 41

Age Progression 42

Abreaction 42

Time Compression and Expansion 42

Visualization 43

Desensitization 43

Dissociation 44

Techniques to Accomplish Insight 44

Spontaneous Awareness 44

Free Association 44

Age Regression 45

Ideomotor Questioning 46

Inner Advisor 48

Automatic Writing 48

Subliminal Therapy 49

Chapter 5 Hypnotic Hypermnesia 51

In Substantiation of EncodingAll That is Perceived 53

Controlled Studies Positive for the Accuracy of Hypermnesia 54

Studies Involving the Recall of Events that Occurred Under General Anesthesia 55

Reported Instances of Verification of Material Obtained in a Forensic Setting 55

Studies Demonstrating the Phenomena of Abreaction with Restored Physiological Responses of an Earlier Period 57

Reported Instances of Verification of Hypnotically Refreshed Memories 58

Subjective Evidence Affirming the Accuracy of Hypnotically Refreshed Memory 58

Studies Comparing Recall of Sense versus Non-sense Material 59

Part II Clinical Considerations 61

Chapter 6 Two Basic Approaches to Using Hypnosis 63

Using Hypnosis as a Suggestive Vehicle 65

Historical Perspective 65

Suggestibility 65

Advantages 66

Using Hypnosis as an Analytic Tool 66

Historical Perspective 67

Concerns about Using Hypnosis Analytically 67

The Role of Hypnosis in Accomplishing Change 68

The Advantages of Using Trance in Analysis 69

Chapter 7 The Roles of Hypnosis in Psychotherapy 71

Relieving Psychic Distress 71

Resolving the Influence of Prior Trauma 73

Behavior Modification 74

Altering Physiological Responses 75

Chapter 8 The Risks of Employing Hypnosis 77

Masking Organically Based, Non-Psychogenic, Physical Symptoms 78

Creating or Exacerbating Anxiety 78

Exceeding Mental or Physical Limits 79

Prompting False Memories 79

Research on the Risk of Using Hypnosis 80

Chapter 9 The Significance of Hypnosis in Informed Consent Steven F. Bierman, M.D. 83

Part III Specific Procedures 97

Chapter 10 Principles of Trance Induction 99

Some Observable Signs of Trance 101

Examples of Induction Procedures 101

A Four-Step Induction 102

Eye Fixation 103

Progressive Relaxation 104

Forehead Touch 105

Arm Drop 105

Arm Levitation 106

Coin Drop 106

Imagery 107

Self-controlled 108

Chapter 11 Hypnosis Attached to Sleep (HATS) 109

Introducing Dave Elman 109

Encouraging Natural Sleep 110

Testing for the Fact of Natural Sleep 111

Attaching Hypnosis and Testing for Response 111

Offering Clinical Suggestions 112

Rousing the Patient from HATS 112

Clinical Uses 112

Chapter 12 Subliminal Therapy 113

Theory and Assumptions 114

The Procedure 117

The Process 120

A Session Transcription 125

Research 129

Flowcharts of the Process of Subliminal Therapy 131

Elaborations 140

Part IV Applications of Hypnosis 147

Chapter 13 Applications Having Unique Characteristics 149

Academic Applications 150

Studying 150

Test-taking 151

Comprehension and Memory 152

Accelerated Wound Healing 152

Anxiety Treatment 153

Asthma Treatment 155

Relieving the Symptoms of Asthma 155

Resolving Causal and/or Maintenance Factors with Subliminal Therapy 158

Breast Enlargement 167

Criminal Investigation 168

Q & A Regarding Hypnosis and Memory 170

What is the Law in California? 171

Dental Applications 173

Anxiety 174

Bruxing 174

Extractions 174

Gagging 174

Post-treatment Pain 175

Dissociative Disorders 175

Fugue, Sensory Alterations and Dissociative Disorder NOS 175

Multiple Personality Disorder = Dissociative Identity Disorder 176

Grief 180

Gynecological Applications 182

Infertility 182

Obstetrical Applications 183

Morning Sickness Relief 183

Birthing 186

Ocular Correction 189

Oncology Applications 189

Pain Management 190

General Observations 191

Acute versus Chronic Pain 193

Treatment of Acute Pain 194

Application Techniques 195

Treatment of Chronic Pain 199

Some Possible Explanations for Psychological Suppression of Awareness of Pain 201

Personality Disorders 202

PMS Alleviation 203

Procedure Employing Symptomatic Suggestions 204

Procedure Employing Memory Search for Causal Influence 206

Procedure Employing Subliminal Therapy 206

Self-harming Behaviors 209

Sexual Dysfunction 210

Smoking Cessation 210

Stuttering 211

The Etiology of Stuttering 212

Treatment 213

Suicidal Ideation 214

Surgical Preparation 214

Tinnitus Relief 215

Wart Removal 215

Weight Management 216

Chapter 14 Applications with Common Treatment Protocols 219

Anger 219

Compulsions 219

Depressive Disorders 220

Dermatological Disorders 220

Eating Disorders 221

Gastrointestinal Disorders 221

Insomnia 221

Phobias 222

Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) 222

Self-harming Behaviors 222

Self-esteem Enhancement 222

Trichotillomania 222

Part V General Observations 225

Chapter 15 Information Not Covered Elsewhere 227

The Covert Use of Hypnosis 227

The Effect of Surprise 228

The Importance of Feedback 229

On the Problems of Conducting Research in Hypnosis 230

Musculature and the Autonomic Nervous System 230

The Authority of the Imagination 231

On Tape Recording Treatment Sessions 232

Distraction and Hypnosis 233

Hypnosis and the Law 233

Epilogue 235

Appendix A Glossary 237

Appendix B A Brief Bibliography of Unusual Uses for Hypnosis 243

Accelerated Healing 243

Anesthesia 243

Birth Memory 243

Ipacac as a Soothing Agent 244

Blister Production 244

Breast Enlargement 244

Calming the GI Tract 245

Contraception 245

Fasciculations 245

Pupil Response 245

Recall of Sounds Perceived Under Surgical Anesthesia 245

Selective Blood Flow 246

Tumor Remission 246

Wart Removal 246

References and Further Reading 249

Index of Names 259

Index 261

About the Author 264

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