Foundations of Intellectual Assessment / Edition 1

Foundations of Intellectual Assessment / Edition 1

by Robert J. Gregory
     
 

ISBN-10: 0205198333

ISBN-13: 9780205198337

Pub. Date: 09/17/1998

Publisher: Allyn & Bacon, Inc.

In most discussions about intellectual development and assessment, the focus is on children. Rarely do assessment practitioners focus on cognitive impairments and other intellectual development issues pertaining to adults. On the cutting edge of assessment issues, Gregory's book includes adults as his primary focus, attempting to answer such important questions

Overview

In most discussions about intellectual development and assessment, the focus is on children. Rarely do assessment practitioners focus on cognitive impairments and other intellectual development issues pertaining to adults. On the cutting edge of assessment issues, Gregory's book includes adults as his primary focus, attempting to answer such important questions as: When is an intellectual assessment appropriate? How do professional and ethical standards inform the practice of assessment? This book responds to a void in the field of assessment following the recent release of the WAIS-III (Wechsler Adult Scale) test, which is now the cornerstone for adult intellectual assessment. Until the publication of this book, there has been no extensive information available about the effective use and interpretation of this and other important assessment tests. This single volume contains comprehensive information, including test norms and standards for effective use of the WAIS-III and many other tests (mental status, attention/concentration, sensory/perceptual, psychomotor, memory, language, drawing, higher cognitive functions, intelligence). Readers will understand the context of psychological assessment, the importance of personal background and mental status in assessment, and the shifting professional standards and ethics of today. Psychologists, educators, and school counselors. A Longwood Professional Book

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780205198337
Publisher:
Allyn & Bacon, Inc.
Publication date:
09/17/1998
Pages:
251
Product dimensions:
7.28(w) x 9.60(h) x 0.98(d)

Table of Contents

Preface xi
1 Introduction to Intellectual Assessment
1(14)
The Rationale for Cognitive Assessment
2(4)
Diagnosis
3(1)
Screening
4(1)
Treatment Planning
5(1)
Evaluation
6(1)
Client Background and History
6(3)
Background History Survey
9(6)
2 The Mental Status Examination
15(30)
Nature and Purpose of the MSE
15(6)
Appearance, Attitude, and Behavior
16(2)
Speech and Language Functioning
18(1)
Thought Process and Content
18(1)
Emotional Functioning
19(1)
Insight and Judgment
20(1)
Cognitive Functioning
20(1)
The Nature and Diagnosis of Dementia
21(6)
Dementia of the Alzheimer's Type
24(2)
Vascular Dementia
26(1)
Other Dementias and Pseudodementia
26(1)
Tools for the Assessment of Mental Status
27(13)
Test of Temporal Orientations
28(3)
Short Portable Mental Status Questionnaire
31(2)
Mini-Mental State Exam
33(7)
Mental Status Examination: Case Illustration
40(3)
Final Comment
43(2)
3 Introduction to Brain-Behavior Relationships
45(32)
Structure of the Human Brain
46(4)
Skull, Meninges, and Cerebrospinal Fluid
47(2)
Blood Supply to the Brain
49(1)
Structural Organization of the Brain
50(5)
Hindbrain
50(1)
Midbrain
51(1)
Forebrain
52(3)
Cerebral Cortex
55(1)
Lateralization of Cerebral Function
56(5)
Hemispheric Symmetry
56(1)
Hemispheric Asymmetry
57(4)
Functions of the Cerebral Lobes
61(6)
Parietal Lobes
63(1)
Temporal Lobes
64(1)
Occipital Lobes
65(1)
Frontal Lobes
66(1)
Left Hemisphere Language Functions
67(3)
The Classical View of Aphasia
68(1)
The Modern View of Aphasia
69(1)
The Visual System and Defects in the Visual Field
70(2)
Cognitive Impairment in Head Injury
72(4)
Final Comment
76(1)
4 The WAIS-III: Introduction and the Meaning of IQ
77(40)
Brief Description of the WAIS-III
78(2)
WAIS-III Subtests
80(5)
Picture Completion
80(1)
Vocabulary
81(1)
Digit Symbol-Coding
81(1)
Similarities
81(1)
Block Design
82(1)
Arithmetic
82(1)
Matrix Reasoning
82(1)
Digit Span
83(1)
Information
83(1)
Picture Arrangement
84(1)
Comprehension
84(1)
Symbol Search
84(1)
Letter-Number Sequencing
85(1)
Object Assembly
85(1)
Administration of the WAIS-III
85(5)
The Need for Reasoned Flexibility
85(2)
The Importance of a Clipboard
87(1)
How to Provide Support
87(1)
Stopwatch Protocol
88(1)
Special Considerations in Digit Span
88(1)
Impact of the Examiner
89(1)
Scoring the WAIS-III
90(2)
Reliability of the WAIS-III
92(2)
Validity: The Meaning of Full Scale IQ
94(7)
Intercorrelation of IQ Tests
95(1)
IQ and Academic Achievement
95(2)
IQ and Educational Attainment
97(1)
IQ and Occupational Attainment
98(1)
The Meaning of Full Scale IQ
98(1)
Full Scale IQ and the Band of Error
99(2)
Profile Interpretation with the WAIS-III
101(16)
Full Scale IQ
102(4)
Discrepancy Analysis: Verbal IQ and Performance IQ
106(4)
Index Scores on the WAIS-III
110(2)
Profile Analysis with Individual Subtests
112(3)
Final Comment
115(2)
5 The WAIS-III: Clinical Issues and Alternative Tests
117(48)
Limitations of the WAIS-R and WAIS-III
117(9)
Peculiar WAIS-R Norms for 16-17- and 18-19-Year-Olds
118(1)
Inappropriate Reference Group for Determining Scaled Scores on the WAIS-R
119(1)
Narrow Conception of Intelligence on the WAIS-R
120(3)
Need for Caution When Testing Minorities with the Wechsler Tests
123(2)
Potential for Harmful Social Consequences
125(1)
Providing Feedback about WAIS-III Scores
126(2)
Retesting with the WAIS-III
128(6)
Cautionary Note: Declines on Retest
131(1)
Retest Gains after Longer Intervals
131(1)
Case Study: Relevance of Practice Effects for Test Interpretation
132(2)
Short Forms of the WAIS-R and WAIS-III
134(6)
When to Use WAIS-R and WAIS-III Short Forms
136(1)
Recommended WAIS-R Short Forms
137(2)
WAIS-R Short Forms: Final Comment
139(1)
Assessment of Mental Retardation
140(6)
Significantly Subaverage Intellectual Functioning
141(1)
Deficits in Adaptive Skills
142(1)
Onset Before Age 18
143(1)
Levels of Mental Retardation
144(1)
The WAIS-R in the Assessment of Mental Retardation
145(1)
The WAIS-III in the Assessment of Mental Retardation
146(1)
The Problem of Marginal Intelligence
146(5)
Case Study in Marginal Intelligence
149(2)
Amplifications of Case Study
151(1)
The WAIS-III in Neurological and Cognitive Disorders
151(4)
Additional Measures of Intellectual and Adaptive Skills
155(8)
Kaufman Brief Intelligence Test (K-BIT)
156(1)
The Shipley Institute of Living Scale (SILS)
156(2)
Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test-Revised (PPVT-R)
158(1)
Scales of Independent Behavior-Revised (SIB-R)
159(1)
Stanford-Binet: Fourth Edition (SB:IV)
160(2)
Raven's Progressive Matrices (RPM)
162(1)
Final Comment
163(2)
6 Screening Tests for Cognitive Impairment
165(36)
Nature and Purpose of Screening Tests
166(2)
Characteristics of Good Screening Tests
166(1)
When to Administer Screening Tests
167(1)
A Compendium of Screening Tests
168(32)
Subtracting Serial 7s
170(1)
Paced Auditory Serial Addition Task
170(3)
Trail Making Test
173(1)
Finger Localization Test
174(1)
Symbol Digit Modalities Test
175(2)
Rey Auditory Verbal Learning Test
177(3)
Serial Digit Learning Test
180(1)
The Assessment of Aphasia
181(4)
Brief Clinical Exam for Aphasia
185(1)
FAS Word Fluency Test
186(1)
Bender Gestalt
187(8)
Greek Cross Test
195(1)
Assessment of Executive Functions
196(1)
Short Category Test, Booklet Form
197(3)
Final Comment
200(1)
7 Report Writing and Professional Standards
201(32)
Professional and Ethical Standards in Assessment
202(3)
Informed Consent
202(1)
Sensitivity to Individual Differences
203(2)
Feedback about Assessment Results
205(1)
Report Writing in Assessment
205(10)
Importance of Psychological Reports
206(1)
Outline for Assessment Reports
207(4)
Common Pitfalls in Report Writing
211(3)
Implications of Client Access for Psychological Report Writing
214(1)
Samples of Assessment Reports
215(18)
1. Psychoeducational Assessment Report
216(5)
2. Intellectual and Adaptive Behavior Assessment
221(3)
3. Intellectual Assessment and Screening for Cognitive Impairment
224(4)
4. Intellectual Assessment for Vocational Training
228(5)
References 233(12)
Name Index 245(4)
Subject Index 249

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