Foundations of Legal Research and Writing / Edition 3

Foundations of Legal Research and Writing / Edition 3

by Carol M. Bast, Margie A. Hawkins
     
 

ISBN-10: 1418013951

ISBN-13: 9781418013950

Pub. Date: 08/22/2005

Publisher: Cengage Learning

"Foundations of Legal Research and Writing, 2nd Edition" can be used in vocational, two-year, four-year, and graduate paralegal programs. It can also be used as a business, industry, and government training tool.

Overview

"Foundations of Legal Research and Writing, 2nd Edition" can be used in vocational, two-year, four-year, and graduate paralegal programs. It can also be used as a business, industry, and government training tool.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9781418013950
Publisher:
Cengage Learning
Publication date:
08/22/2005
Edition description:
REV
Pages:
608
Product dimensions:
8.50(w) x 10.80(h) x 0.80(d)

Table of Contents

Table of Casesxii
Prefacexiii
Organization of the textxiii
New to this editionxv
Supplemental resourcesxv
Acknowledgmentsxvi
Introductionxviii
Chapter 1Law and Sources of Law1
Introduction1
The American system of law1
Our tripartite system6
Interplay among the three branches of government in lawmaking8
Sources of law14
Chapter 2Legal Reasoning and Analysis18
Introduction18
An illustrative fact pattern19
Doctrine of stare decisis19
Judicial opinions25
Deductive reasoning27
Legal analysis of statutory law28
Legal analysis of constitutional law34
The interpretation process37
Chapter 3Secondary Sources and Finding Tools42
Introduction42
Encyclopedias42
American Law Reports54
Attorney General opinions66
Restatements of the Law67
Treatises68
Legal dictionaries69
Legal directories75
Formbooks75
Looseleaf services81
Legal periodicals82
Internet material85
Digests86
Legal Research Assignment--Legal Encyclopedias98
Legal Research Assignment--American Law Reports100
Legal Research Assignment--Digests102
Chapter 4The Judicial Branch and Cases105
Introduction105
The judicial branch105
Reading cases120
Briefing a case139
Location of cases141
Case citations143
Legal Research Assignment--Reading Cases149
Legal Research Assignment--Case Law150
Chapter 5Primary Sources: Constitutions, Statutes, Court Rules, and Administrative Law152
Introduction152
Constitutions152
Statutes156
Court rules189
Administrative law195
Legal Research Assignment--Constitutions214
Legal Research Assignment--Statutes215
Legal Research Assignment--Court Rules216
Legal Research Assignment--Administrative Law218
Chapter 6Citators220
Introduction220
Citators221
Shepardizing procedure225
Statutes242
KeyCite255
Legal Research Assignment--Citators260
Chapter 7Overview of the Research Process262
Introduction263
Gathering information263
Identification of key terms266
Basic approaches to legal research267
Currency269
Learning about the general topic269
Locating primary sources270
Relationship among research tools272
Chapter 8CALR: Computer-Assisted Legal Research278
Introduction278
History of Computer-Assisted Legal Research (CALR)278
Electronic information formats279
Computer-Assisted Legal Research tools281
Legislative databases283
Business information databases284
Investigative and public records databases287
Legal citation: electronic formats290
CALR: pros and cons291
Chapter 9The Internet in a Nutshell296
Introduction296
Accessing the information superhighway298
Navigating the Internet299
The Internet as a research tool302
Evaluative guidelines for selecting Internet resources310
Future trends310
Legal Research Assignment--The Internet316
Chapter 10Cyberlaw: Using the Internet as a Legal Research Tool318
Introduction318
Available resources319
The bad news: what is [currently] not available321
Free vs. fee-based321
Legal resources on the Internet322
Government information on the Internet322
Litigation support323
Limitations to using the Internet as a research tool324
Cyber-citation324
Copyright concerns in the digital environment325
Future trends326
Legal Research Assignment--the Internet329
Chapter 11Introduction to Legal Writing331
Introduction334
Types of legal writing339
Chapter 12Fundamentals of Writing347
Introduction347
Writing process347
Structure348
Mechanical errors352
More legal writing advice355
Chapter 13Transmittal Letter and Client Opinion Letter365
Introduction365
Purpose of the transmittal letter365
Style of letters365
Purpose of the client opinion letter374
Format of the client opinion letter375
Sample client opinion letters375
Chapter 14Writing Contracts386
Introduction386
What is covered in this chapter386
The substance of the contract387
Writing a contract389
Checklist of matters to be considered when writing a contract for the sale of goods390
The perfect contract391
Checklist for an employment contract398
Organization and format399
A type of employment agreement--the attorney-client retainer agreement401
Chapter 15Pleadings419
Introduction419
Purpose and use419
Format422
Format of the complaint425
Format of the answer426
Evidentiary facts, ultimate facts, and legal conclusions429
First sample set of pleadings432
Second sample set of pleadings436
Cyber Examples441
Chapter 16Law Office Memo442
Introduction442
Purpose and use442
Style443
Format443
First sample office memo451
Second office memo457
Communicating clearly with the reader463
Chapter 17Memorandum of Law469
Introduction469
Purpose and use469
Style471
Organization471
Format472
First sample memorandum of law464
Second sample memorandum of law480
Chapter 18Appellate Brief487
Introduction487
Purpose and use488
Format490
First sample appellate brief497
Second sample appellate brief506
Appendices517
Appendix ASearch and Seizure517
Introduction517
The Williams search and seizure problem517
Examples of Primary and Secondary Sources Found after researching search and seizure problem518
Research and writing exercises519
Flowchart for office memo on Williams Brothers519
Sample outline for office memo521
Appendix BCitation Rules556
General citation tips556
United States Supreme Court cases557
United States courts of appeals557
United States district courts557
Citations for constitutions558
Citations for statutes558
Citations for court rules558
Citations for administrative law559
Citations to legal encyclopedias559
Citations to American Law Reports559
Citations to attorneys general opinions559
Citations to restatements559
Citation to a treatise560
Citation to a legal dictionary560
Citation to a law review article560
Citation to Internet material560
Cyber citations560
Appendix CRules for Quotations and Short Form Citations561
Introduction561
Quotations561
Short form citations566
Short form citations for statutes566
Exercises on short form citations567
Appendix DMechanical Errors568
Introduction568
Excess words568
Use of apostrophes570
Sentence fragments570
Run-on sentences573
Parallel construction574
Antecedents576
Active versus passive voice577
Change in tenses579
Combination of errors580
Appendix EProblems581
Was swimming pool an attractive nuisance?581
Defamation582
The nightmare property583
I wonder what is in the package584
Appendix FWeb Bibliography: Company Information on the Internet586
Appendix GInternet Terminology588
Appendix HBibliography of Evaluative Criteria Web Sites591
Appendix ILegal Research "Starting Points"592
Appendix JFederal Law Resources594
Appendix KState and Local Resources597
Appendix LInternational Law Resources598
Appendix MCommercial Legal Information Web Sites599
Appendix NTopical Index of Legal and Government Web Sites600
Appendix OLaw-Related Internet Discussion Groups (Lists)604
Glossary605
Index615

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