Foundations of Logic and Mathematics: Applications to Computer Science and Cryptography / Edition 1

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'Foundations of Logic and Mathematics' takes into account not only the ory, but also treats in some detail applications that have substantial impact on everyday life—-for example, financial loans and mortgages, bar codes (Universal Product Codes), public-key cryptography (Rivest- -Shamir—Adelman codes), and transportation networks. Topics covered: truth tables, propositional and predicate calculi, set theory, theory and practice of basic arithmetic, cardinality, well-formed sets, compl eteness and incompleteness of various logic, number theory, combinator ics, and graph theory. One of the key strengths of the presentation is the continuous thread from logic to applications, without gaps. Thus, material that is necessary for logical coherence—-omitted from most texts—-is found here.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
From the reviews:

"The book under review covers the topics which can usually be found in textbooks of discrete mathematics for students in computer science or mathematics (Boolean logic, predicate calculus, sets and functions, induction, integers, rational numbers, cardinality, modular arithmetic, cryptography, combinatorics, probability, graphs) as well as more advanced topics in mathematical logic (intuitionistic logic, transfinite induction). While the range of topics is relatively standard, the way they are presented is highly original. The author has chosen a strictly formal and axiomatic approach. All the results are proved in full detail from first principles . . . remarkably, all the arithmetic laws on the rational numbers are proved, step after step, starting from the very definitions! . . . a valuable reference text and a useful companion for anybody wondering how the basic mathematical concepts can be rigorously developed within set theory. The author has managed to combine the foundational approach with a careful treatment of many applications. More than 1000 exercises complete the text. ...All the results are proved in full detail from first principles...remarkably, the arithmetic laws on the rational numbers are proved, step after step, starting from the very definitions!...This is a valuable reference text and a useful companion for anybody wondering how basic mathematical concepts can be rigorously developed within set theory."


"In order to give an idea of the originality of this book in combining theoretical and applied issues, having a source in everyday life and a strong impact on civilization, let us mention that the first section of Part A includes a typology of proofs and of theorems. The section on induction includes arithmetic in finance. The section on decidability includes a chapter on automatic theorem proving. Section 6 in Part B describes the Enigma machines: how the German machine cipher was broken and how it was read by the Allies in World War Two. Rigorous and modern in its theoretical aspect, attractive as a detective novel in its applied aspects, this paper book deserves the attention of both beginners and advanced students in mathematics, logic and computer sciences as well as in social sciences."

—-Zentralblatt MATH

“This book could serve as a text and as a reference; it has a different presentation style. … The book is divided in two parts; Part A is titled Theory and Part B Applications. It has a five and a half page bibliography, and a 13 page extensive index. … The book provides detailed coverage of topics on Logic and Mathematics. The two part presentation of theory and applications is well thought out. … the exercises provided are exhaustive.” (Saif Terai, The Book Review Column, 2011)

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780817642495
  • Publisher: Birkhauser Verlag
  • Publication date: 11/26/2001
  • Edition description: 2002
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 415
  • Product dimensions: 10.00 (w) x 7.00 (h) x 0.94 (d)

Table of Contents

• Outline
• Part A. Theory
• 0. Boolean Algebraic Logic
• 1. Logic and Deductive Reasoning
• 2. Set Theory
• 3. Induction, Recursion, Arithmetic, Cardinality
• 4. Decidability and Completeness
• Part B. Applications
• 5. Number Theory and Codes
• 6. Ciphers, Combinatorics, and Probabilities
• 7. Graph Theory
• Bibliography
• Index

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