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The Second Edition of Foundations of Psychological Testing: A Practical Approach is a scholarly, yet pragmatic and easy to understand text for undergraduate students new to the field of psychological testing. Using an engaging, conversational format, authors Sandra A. Mc Intire and Leslie A. Miller aim to prepare students to be informed consumers—as test users or test takers—not to teach students to administer or interpret individual psychological tests.
Organization of Material
SECTION I: OVERVIEW OF PSYCHOLOGICAL TESTING
Chapter 1: What are Psychological Tests?
Why Should You Care About Psychological Testing?
What Are Psychological Tests?
The History of Psychological Testing
The Defining Characteristics of Psychological Tests
Assumptions of Psychological Tests
Test Classification Methods
Psychological Assessment, Psychological Tests, Measurements, and Surveys
Locating Information About Tests
Chapter 2: Why is Psychological Testing Important?
The Importance of Psychological Testing
Who Uses Psychological Tests and for What Reasons?
The Social and Legal Implications of Psychological Testing
Chapter 3: Is There a Right or Wrong Way to Use Psychological Tests?
Ethical Standards for Psychological Testing
Appropriate Use of Psychological Tests
Testing Special Populations
Chapter 4: How Does Computerized Testing Work?
Computerized Adaptive Testing
Implications for the Future
SECTION II: PSYCHOMETRIC PRINCIPLES
Chapter 5: How Do Test Users Interpret Test Scores?
Levels of Measurement
Procedures for Interpreting Test Scores
The Role of Norms
Chapter 6: What is Test Reliability?
What is Reliability?
Three Types of Reliability
Classical Test Theory
The Reliability Coefficient
Using Computer Software to Calculate Reliability
Interpreting Reliability Coefficients
Factors That Influence Reliability
Chapter 7: What is Validity, Specifically Content Validity?
Different Sources of Evidence for Validity
The Appropriate Use of Various Validation Strategies
Chapter 8: Can Tests Really Predict Future Behavior?
What Is Criterion-Related Validity?
Methods for Determining Criterion-Related Validity
Selecting a Criterion
Does the Criterion Measure What It Is Suppose to Measure?
Calculating and Evaluating Validity Coefficients
Using Validity Information to Make Predictions
Ethical Issues Associated With Test Validation
Chapter 9: What Is Construct Validity?
Gathering Evidence of Construct Validity
SECTION III: DEVELOPING AND PILOTING SURVEYS AND PSYCHOLOGICAL TESTS
Chapter 10: How Do We Construct, Administer, and Use Survey Data?
What Are Surveys?
Knowledge Acquisition and the Scientific Method
The Survey Research Method
Survey Reliability and Validity
Chapter 11: How Do You Develop a Test?
Why Develop a New Test?
Defining the Testing Universe, Audience, and Purpose
Developing a Test Plan
Composing the Test Items
Writing Effective Items
Writing the Instructions for the New Test
Chapter 12: How Do You Know When a Test Works?
The Pilot Test
Quantitative Item Analysis
Qualitative Item Analysis
Revising the Test
Conducting the Validation Study
Developing Norms and Identifying Cut Scores
Developing the Test Manual
SECTION IV: USING TESTS IN DIFFERENT SETTINGS
Chapter 13: How Are Tests Used in Educational Settings?
Decision Making in the Educational Setting
Educators as Test Users
Psychological Test Use in Educational Settings
Norm-Referenced, Criterion-Referenced, and Authentic Assessment of Achievement
Chapter 14: How Are Tests Used in Clinical and Counseling Settings?
Models of Psychological Assessment
Tests Used for Diagnosis and Intervention
Specialized Tests for Clinical Disorders
Chapter 15: How Do Organizations Use Psychological Tests?
A Short History of Employment Testing
APPENDIX A: Guidelines For Critiquing A Psychological Test
APPENDIX B: Ethical Standards for Assessment
APPENDIX C: Code of Fair Testing Practices in Education
APPENDIX D: Table of Critical Values for Pearson Product-Moment Correlation Coefficients
About the Authors