Foundations of Sport and Exercise Psychology Study Guide

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Editorial Reviews

From The Critics
Reviewer: Edward M. Heath, PhD (University of Texas El Paso College of Nursing & Health Sciences)
Description: This is the second edition of a comprehensive textbook on human behavior in sport and exercise previously published in 1995. The authors have made substantial changes from the first edition. The changes include updated information in every chapter on the latest research and practice in sport and exercise psychology as well as more practical examples to aid students in applying important concepts.
Purpose: The purpose is to develop a text for introductory sport and exercise psychology classes that bridges the gap between research and practice. The development of such an inclusive text in this area is certainly worthwhile and more than meets the goals of the authors.
Audience: The book is predominantly targeted at undergraduate students in sport and exercise psychology but will also be an excellent resource for individuals working in all aspects of sport and exercise where the psychological aspects are sometimes ignored. There is no question that these two authors are authorities in sport and exercise psychology.
Features: The book includes nearly every conceivable aspect of sport and exercise psychology from group dynamics to health and wellness issues. One of the most helpful aspects of the book is the way the authors bring in examples in sport that the reader can identify with and relate to. They give an example on leadership of Michael Jordan's 38-point performance in Game 5 of the 1987 NBA finals when he was ill. Another invaluable feature is the blue boxes throughout the book that highlight moreinformation on a topic, research, case studies, and application.
Assessment: The authors have done an admirable job of updating their first edition and have developed an excellent text that will hold the interest of students as well as serve as a useful source for people in the field of sport and exercise.
A beginning text for students in physical education and psychology, incorporating b&w photos, sidebars, anecdotes and case studies, chapter summaries, and review questions in material on personality and sport, motivation, gender issues, group processes, communication, enhancing performance and health, and children's psychological development through sport. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780736001595
  • Publisher: Human Kinetics Publishers
  • Publication date: 12/1/1999
  • Edition description: REVISED
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 184

Table of Contents

Part I: Getting Started—Introduction to Sport and Exercise PsychologyChapter 1. Welcome to Sport and Exercise Psychology

What Is Sport and Exercise Psychology? • What Sport and Exercise Psychology Specialists Do • Sport and Exercise Psychology Orientations • Present and Future of Sport and Exercise Psychology • Summary • Review Questions • References
Chapter 2. Bridging Science and Practice

Understanding Sport and Exercise Psychology as a Science • Understanding Professional Practice Knowledge • Integrating Scientific and Professional Practice Knowledge • Summary • Review Questions • References

Part II: Understanding Participants
Chapter 3. Personality and Sport

What Makes Up Personality • Approaches to Personality • Measurement of Personality • Assessing Personality Research • Using Psychological Measures • Personality Research in Sport and Exercise • Cognitive Strategies of Successful and Less Successful Athletes • Your Role in Understanding Personality • Summary • Review Questions • References
Chapter 4. Understanding Motivation

What Is Motivation? • Views of Motivation • Five Guidelines to Build Motivation • Developing a Realistic View of Motivation • Summary • Review Questions • References
Chapter 5. Achievement Motivation and Competitiveness

What Is Achievement Motivation? • Theories of Achievement Motivation • Developing Achievement Motivation and Competitiveness • Implications for Professional Practice • Summary • Review Questions • References
Chapter 6. Arousal, Stress, and Anxiety

Defining Arousal, Stress, and Anxiety • Stress and the Stress Process • Sources of Anxiety and Stress • How Arousal and Anxiety-Related Emotions Affect Performance • Implications for Guiding Practice • Summary • Review Questions • References

Part III: Understanding Sport and Exercise Environments
Chapter 7. Understanding Competition and Cooperation

Difficulty in Defining Competition and Cooperation • Competition as a Process • Psychological Studies * Is Competition Good or Bad? • Enhancing Cooperation • Summary • Review Questions • References
Chapter 8. Feedback, Reinforcement, and Intrinsic Motivation

Principles of Reinforcement • Positive Reinforcement • Negative Reinforcement • Modifying Behavior in Sport • Implementing Behavioral Programs • Intrinsic Motivation and Extrinsic Rewards • Cognitive Evaluation Theory • How Extrinsic Rewards Affect Intrinsic Motivation in Sport • Increasing Intrinsic Motivation • Flow—A Special Case of Intrinsic Motivation • Summary • Review Questions • References

Part IV: Understanding Group Processes
Chapter 9. Group and Team Dynamics

What Is a Group? • How a Group Becomes a Team • Structure of the Group • Developing an Effective Team Climate • Individual and Team Performance in Sport • Summary • Review Questions • References
Chapter 10. Group Cohesion

Definitions of Cohesion • Conceptual Model of Cohesion • Measuring Cohesion • Cohesion and Performance Success • Other Correlates of Cohesion • Building Team Cohesion • Summary • Review Questions • References
Chapter 11. Leadership

What Is Leadership? • Trait Approach • Behavioral Approach • Interactional Approach • Chelladurai's Multidimensional Model of Sport Leadership • Research on the Multidimensional Model of Leadership • Four Components of Effective Leadership • Summary • Review Questions • References
Chapter 12. Communication

The Communication Process • Sending Messages Effectively • Receiving Messages Effectively • Breakdowns in Communication • Confrontation • Criticism • Summary • Review Questions • References

Part V: Enhancing Performance
Chapter 13. Introduction to Psychological Skills Training   

Why Psychological Skills Training (PST) Is Important • Why Sport and Exercise Participants Neglect PST • PST Knowledge Base • Three Phases of PST Programs • When to Implement a PST Program • Designing and Implementing a PST Program • Ethical Considerations • Common Problems • Summary • Review Questions • References
Chapter 14. Arousal Regulation

Self-Awareness of Anxiety • Anxiety-Reduction Techniques   
• On-Site Relaxation Tips • Arousal-Inducing Techniques • Summary
• Review Questions • References

Chapter 15. Imagery

What Is Imagery? • Does Imagery Work? • How Imagery Works • Uses of Imagery • Basics of Imagery Training • Developing an Imagery Training Program • Summary • Review Questions • References
Chapter 16. Self-Confidence

Defining Self-Confidence • Benefits of Confidence • Optimal Confidence • Expectations Influence Performance • Self-Efficacy Theory • Assessing Self-Confidence • Building Self-Confidence • Summary • Review Questions • References
Chapter 17. Goal Setting

Types of Goals • Research About Goal-Setting Effectiveness • Basic Goal-Setting Principles • Designing a Goal-Setting System • Common Problems in Goal Setting • Summary • Review Questions • References
Chapter 18: Concentration

What Is Concentration? • Types of Attentional Focus • Shifting Attentional Focus • Attentional Problems • Choking—An Attentional Problem • Self-Talk • Assessing Attentional Skills • Tips for Improving Concentration On Site • Exercises to Improve Concentration • Summary • Review Questions • References

Part VI: Enhancing Health and Well-Being   

Chapter 19. Exercise and Psychological Well-Being

Exercise in the Reduction of Anxiety and Depression • Exercise and Mood Changes • How Does Exercise Enhance Psychological Well-Being? • Addiction to Exercise • Exercise and Personality Changes/Cognitive Functioning • Exercise as an Adjunct to Therapy • Summary • Review Questions • References
Chapter 20. Exercise Adherence

Reasons for Exercise • Reasons for Not Exercising • The Problem of Exercise Adherence • Strategies to Enhance Adherence to Exercise • Guidelines for Improving Exercise Adherence • Summary
Review Questions • References
Chapter 21. Psychology and Athletic Injuries

The Role of Psychological Factors in Athletic Injuries • How Injuries Happen—Antecedents • Explaining the Stress-Injury Relationship • Psychological Reactions to Athletic Injuries • The Role of Sport Psychology in Injury Rehabilitation • Summary • Review Questions • References

Chapter 22. Substance Abuse and Eating Disorders

Eating Disorders • Substance Abuse • Summary • Review Questions • References

Chapter 23. Burnout and Overtraining

Defining Overtraining, Staleness, and Burnout • Frequency and Causes of Overtraining and Burnout • Characteristics of Overtraining and Burnout • Overtraining and Performance • A Model of Burnout in Sport and Exercise • Measuring Burnout • Burnout in Sport • Treatment and Prevention of Burnout • Summary • Review Questions • References

Part VII: Facilitating Psychological Growth and Development
Chapter 24. Children's Psychological Development Through Sport

Why a Psychology of the Young Athlete? • Why Children Participate in Youth Sports • Why Children Discontinue Participation • Stress and Burnout Effects • Effective Coaching Practices • Summary • Review Questions • References
Chapter 25. Aggression in Sport

What Is Aggression? • Causes of Aggression • Aggression in Sport: Special Considerations • Implications for Guiding Practice • Summary • Review Questions • References
Chapter 26. Character Development and Sportsmanship

Defining Character Development and Sportsmanship • Developing Sportsmanlike Attitudes, Behaviors, and Moral Reasoning • Enhancing Character Development and Sportsmanship • Critical Considerations in Character Development • Summary * Review Questions • References
Chapter 27. Gender Issues in Sport and Exercise

Sex Differences—Fact or Myth • Socialization Patterns of Girls and Boys • Gender Role Orientation • Gender and   
Achievement-Related Motives • Gender and Expectations • Role Conflict and the Female Athlete • Summary • Review Questions • References

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