Foundations of Sport and Exercise Psychology w/Web Study Guide-4th Edition / Edition 4

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Foundations of Sport and Exercise Psychology, Fourth Edition, the new edition of the best-selling sport and exercise psychology book on the market, continues to provide a thorough introduction to the key concepts in the field. Written by internationally respected authors, it provides students and new practitioners with a comprehensive view of sport and exercise psychology, bridges the gap between research and practice, conveys principles of professional practice, and captures the excitement of the world of sport and exercise.

A supreme effort has been made to meet the increasing needs of professors, practitioners, and students. To further improve the total learning experience, the new edition features

-an online study guide that provides an interactive learning experience for students;

-thoroughly updated material that reflects the latest research and practice in the field to keep students aware of recent findings and hot topics in the field; and

-more contemporary practical examples, case studies, and anecdotes to help students understand various theories and concepts.
Foundations of Sport and Exercise Psychology, Fourth Edition, allows students to gain an understanding of the field while learning how to apply sport and exercise knowledge. The book contains seven parts that may be studied in any sequence. Part I introduces students to the field, detailing its history, current status, and the various roles of sport and exercise psychologists. Part II focuses on personal factors that affect performance and psychological development in sport, physical education, and exercise settings. In part III, the authors focus on two major classes of situational factors that influence behavior: competition and cooperation, and feedback and reinforcement. Part IV focuses on group interaction and processes, while part V discusses how psychological techniques may be used to help people perform more effectively. Part VI addresses the various roles psychological factors play in health and exercise. The final section, part VII, deals with main topics of psychological development and well-being that are important to both society and sport and exercise psychology, including children's psychological development through sport participation, aggression in sport, and moral development and good sporting behavior in sport and physical activity contexts.

Includes an online study guide!

To assist students using the text, Foundations of Sport and Exercise Psychology, Fourth Edition, has a companion online student study guide. Completely integrated with the text, the study guide allows students to experience content through multiple dimensions. Students will receive free access to the study guide with the purchase of a new text or it may be purchased as a separate component.
The online study guide is a trend-setting addition that will allow the subject of sport psychology to come alive to its users. The study guide is written to work directly with the text; mentions of the study guide appear in each chapter to encourage readers to take advantage of the study guide's learning tools. This online study guide features more than 90 individual and small-group learning activities that may be printed and handed in or e-mailed to instructors for assessment. These activities require students to

-use actual sport and exercise psychology instruments to assess their skills,

-determine how to respond to real-life scenarios (with short answers or essays),

-review and design research studies and experiments, search the Internet for relevant information, and apply and test their
-understanding of sport and exercise psychology principles and concepts.
Audio clips feature esteemed experts from the field discussing key course concepts that they have studied and refined during their professional careers. Students will hear from experts such as:

-Robert C. Eklund, PhD, FACSM
Professor at Florida State University

-Diane L. Gill, PhD
Professor at the University of North Carolina at Greensboro

-Rainer Martens, PhD
President of Human Kinetics

-Judy L. Van Raalte, PhD
Professor at Springfield College

-Robin Vealey, PhD
Professor at Miami University in Ohio

-Craig Wrisberg, PhD
Professor at the University of Tennessee
These and other experts offer a great deal of insight on the issues being discussed in the text, and most chapters contain at least one expert audio clip. In addition, each chapter of the study guide opens with an audio introduction by Dr. Daniel Czech, the mentor throughout the online study guide.

Video clips provide students with a realistic look at how sport psychology consultants interact and communicate with athletes to improve athletic experiences. In these video clips, students will watch as Dr. Czech interacts with a basketball player who is having trouble shooting free throws and a softball team that isn't connecting on or off the field. These videos offer an opportunity for students to peer into the “real world” of a practicing sport psychology consultant.

These audio and video clips help students understand the research and practice of sport psychology in today's society. In addition to the inclusion of the new online study guide for students, the instructor ancillaries have also been improved. Updates have been made to the presentation package containing more than 900 PowerPoint slides, the test bank of more than 800 questions, and the instructor guide.

Foundations of Sport and Exercise Psychology, Fourth Edition provides a powerful learning tool for understanding human behavior in sport and exercise settings. This new edition continues to ensure that future researchers and practitioners in the field are well equipped and enthused about the possibilities and challenges they will encounter.

The book contains black-and-white illustrations.

Comprehensive, understandable, and written to capture the excitement of the world of sport and exercise psychology, Foundations of Sport and Exercise Psychology sets a new standard for introductory textbooks. This engaging text makes it easy for students to learn the basic principles and applications of sport and exercise psychology. Using visuals and anecdotes, case studies, and stories from the world of sport and exercise, the authors explain key concepts in the field and show how they apply to counseling, teaching, coaching, and fitness instruction.

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Editorial Reviews

Doody's Review Service
Reviewer: Christopher J Graver, PhD, ABPP-CN(Madigan Healthcare System)
Description: Psychology plays a meaningful role in athletics and this book provides an introduction to the specialty of sport and exercise psychology.
Purpose: The main purpose is to provide an introductory textbook for courses in this topic. The secondary purpose is to update the literature and incorporate suggested improvements from students and teachers.
Audience: This book is primarily targeted at those interested in sports psychology, including students of psychology, exercise and movement science, and kinesiology. The authors are well qualified with extensive practical experience and research publications.
Features: The immediate, standout feature is the useful organization of this book. Each chapter begins with key points that readers should learn and understand by chapter's end. There are clear subsections throughout the chapter for the main content and sections that address supplemental areas, such as providing case examples or sample assessment instruments. Each chapter ends with summary points and review questions. The book covers a broad range of topics in sport psychology from group processes to improving performance to the psychological growth of children in athletics. In addition, there are Powerpoint slides, guides for organizing lectures, and a test bank available for instructors. For students, the publisher provides an online study guide.
Assessment: In this edition, the basic structure and approach remain the same. The updates are most noticeable in the additional literature reviews, references to current studies, and discussion of cutting-edge issues. The book is comprehensive and yet written at a level so students can gradually delve into the field without feeling overwhelmed. The additional student and instructor materials are outstanding. This would be an exemplary selection for any instructor teaching a course in this area.
Edward M. Heath
This is the second edition of a comprehensive textbook on human behavior in sport and exercise previously published in 1995. The authors have made substantial changes from the first edition. The changes include updated information in every chapter on the latest research and practice in sport and exercise psychology as well as more practical examples to aid students in applying important concepts. The purpose is to develop a text for introductory sport and exercise psychology classes that bridges the gap between research and practice. The development of such an inclusive text in this area is certainly worthwhile and more than meets the goals of the authors. The book is predominantly targeted at undergraduate students in sport and exercise psychology but will also be an excellent resource for individuals working in all aspects of sport and exercise where the psychological aspects are sometimes ignored. There is no question that these two authors are authorities in sport and exercise psychology. The book includes nearly every conceivable aspect of sport and exercise psychology from group dynamics to health and wellness issues. One of the most helpful aspects of the book is the way the authors bring in examples in sport that the reader can identify with and relate to. They give an example on leadership of Michael Jordan's 38-point performance in Game 5 of the 1987 NBA finals when he was ill. Another invaluable feature is the blue boxes throughout the book that highlight more information on a topic, research, case studies, and application. The authors have done an admirable job of updating their first edition and have developed an excellent text that will hold the interest of studentsas well as serve as a useful source for people in the field of sport and exercise.
A beginning text for students in physical education and psychology, incorporating b&w photos, sidebars, anecdotes and case studies, chapter summaries, and review questions in material on personality and sport, motivation, gender issues, group processes, communication, enhancing performance and health, and children's psychological development through sport. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (

4 Stars! from Doody
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780736064675
  • Publisher: Human Kinetics Publishers
  • Publication date: 11/10/2006
  • Edition description: Older Edition
  • Edition number: 4
  • Pages: 624
  • Product dimensions: 8.50 (w) x 11.00 (h) x 1.75 (d)

Meet the Author

Robert S. Weinberg, PhD, is a professor in physical education, health, and sport studies at Miami University in Oxford, Ohio. Weinberg has nearly 30 years of experience in both the scholarly and applied aspects of sport psychology. He has written numerous research articles, including more than 130 refereed articles in scholarly journals, as well as books, book chapters, and applied articles for coaches, athletes, and exercisers.

Weinberg was voted one of the top 10 sport psychologists in North America by his peers. He is past president of the North American Society for Psychology of Sport and Physical Activity (NASPSPA) and of the Association for the Advancement of Applied Sport Psychology (AAASP). He is a certified AAASP consultant and is listed on the Sport Psychology Registry for the U.S. Olympic Committee and works with athletes in these roles.

Weinberg was named a Distinguished Scholar in Sport Psychology at Miami University in 2005. In addition, he was the editor of the Journal of Applied Sport Psychology and voted outstanding faculty member in the School of Education and Allied Professions at Miami University in 1998. In his leisure time, he enjoys tennis, traveling, and gardening.

Daniel Gould, PhD, is the director for the Institute for the Study of Youth Sports and professor in the department of kinesiology at Michigan State University. He has taught sport psychology for more than 25 years. An active researcher, Gould was the founding coeditor of The Sport Psychologist and has published more than 100 articles on sport psychology. He is best known for conducting applied research that links research and practice.

Gould was voted one of the top 10 sport psychology specialists in North America and is internationally known, having presented his work in more than 20 countries. When on the faculty of the University of North Carolina at Greensboro, he received the university's coveted Alumni-Teaching Excellence Award, an all-campus teaching honor. He is an Association for the Advancement of Applied Sport Psychology (AAASP) certified consultant and member of the United States Olympic Committee Sport Psychology Registry.

Gould is the former president of AAASP and the American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation and Dance Sport Psychology Academy. In addition to teaching sport psychology, he is extensively involved in coaching education from youth sports to Olympic competition. He also serves as mental skills training consultant for professional, Olympic, and world-class athletes, and in recent years he has served as an executive coach for business leaders interested in enhancing their organizations' performance.

Dan lives in Okemos, Michigan, with his wife, Deb. He is a proud father of two sons, Kevin and Brian. In his leisure time, he enjoys swimming, doing fitness activities, and spending time with his family.

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Table of Contents

To the Instructor
To the Student

Part I. Beginning Your Journey
Chapter 1. Welcome to Sport and Exercise Psychology
Defining Sport and Exercise Psychology
Specializing in Sport Psychology
Distinguishing Between Two Specialties
Reviewing the History of Sport and Exercise Psychology
Focusing on Sport and Exercise Psychology Around the World
Bridging Science and Practice
Choosing From Many Sport and Exercise Psychology Orientations
Understanding Present and Future Trends

Part II. Learning About Participants
Chapter 2.
Personality and Sport
Defining Personality
Understanding Personality Structure
Studying Personality from Five Viewpoints
Measuring Personality
Using Psychological Measures
Focusing on Personality Research
Examining Cognitive Strategies and Success
Identifying Your Role in Understanding Personality

Chapter 3. Motivation
Defining Motivation
Reviewing Three Approaches to Motivation
Building Motivation With Five Guidelines
Developing a Realistic View of Motivation
Understanding Achievement Motivation and Competitiveness
Identifying Four Theories of Achievement Motivation
Developing Achievement Motivation and Competitiveness
Using Achievement Motivation in Professional Practice

Chapter 4. Arousal, Stress, and Anxiety
Defining Arousal and Anxiety
Measuring Arousal and Anxiety
Defining Stress and Understanding the Stress Process
Identifying Sources of Stress and Anxiety
Connecting Arousal and Anxiety to Performance
Applying Knowledge to Professional Practice

Part III. Understanding Sport and Exercise Environments
Chapter 5.
Competition and Cooperation
Defining Competition and Cooperation
Viewing Competition As a Process
Reviewing Studies of Competition and Cooperation
Determining Whether Competition Is Good or Bad
Enhancing Cooperation

Chapter 6. Feedback, Reinforcement, and Intrinsic Motivation
Principles of Reinforcement
Approaches to Influencing Behavior
Guidelines for Using Positive Reinforcement
Guidelines to Using Punishment
Behavior Modification in Sport
Intrinsic Motivation and Extrinsic Rewards
Cognitive Evaluation Theory
How Extrinsic Rewards Affect Intrinsic Motivation in Sport
Strategies for Increasing Intrinsic Motivation
Flow—A Special Case of Intrinsic Motivation

Part IV. Focusing on Group Processes
Chapter 7.
Group and Team Dynamics
Recognizing the Difference Between Groups and Teams
Identifying Three Theories of Group Development
Understanding Group Structure
Creating an Effective Team Climate
Maximizing Individual Performance in Team Sports

Chapter 8. Group Cohesion
Definition of Cohesion
Conceptual Model of Cohesion
Tools for Measuring Cohesion
Relationship Between Cohesion and Performance
Other Factors Associated With Cohesion
Strategies for Enhancing Cohesion
Guidelines for Building Team Cohesion

Chapter 9. Leadership
Definition of Leadership
Approaches to Studying Leadership
Sport-Oriented Interactional Approaches to Leadership
Research on the Multidimensional Model of Sport Leadership
Four Components of Effective Leadership

Chapter 10. Communication
Understanding the Communication Process
Sending Messages Effectively
Receiving Messages Effectively
Recognizing Breakdowns in Communication
Improving Communication
Dealing With Confrontation
Delivering Constructive Criticism

Part V. Improving Performance
Chapter 11.
Introduction to Psychological Skills Training
What Psychological Skills Training Entails
Why PST Is Important
Why Sport and Exercise Participants Neglect PST
Myths About PST
PST Knowledge Base
PST Effectiveness
Three Phases of PST Programs
Self-Regulation: The Ultimate Goal of PST
Who Should Conduct PST Programs
When to Implement a PST Program
PST Program Development
Common Problems in Implementing PST Programs

Chapter 12. Arousal Regulation
Increasing Self-Awareness of Arousal
Using Anxiety Reduction Techniques
Exploring the Matching Hypothesis
Coping With Adversity
Using Arousal-Inducing Techniques

Chapter 13. Imagery
What Imagery Is
Evidence of Imagery's Effectiveness
Imagery in Sport: Where, What, When, and Why
Factors Affecting the Effectiveness of Imagery
How Imagery Works
Uses of Imagery
Keys to Effective Imagery
How to Develop an Imagery Training Program
When to Use Imagery

Chapter 14. Self-Confidence
Defining Self-Confidence
Understanding How Expectations Influence Performance
Examining Self-Efficacy Theory
Assessing Self-Confidence
Building Self-Confidence

Chapter 15. Goal Setting
Definition of Goals
Effectiveness of Goal Setting
Principles of Goal Setting
Development of Group Goals
Design of a Goal-Setting System
Common Problems in Goal Setting

Chapter 16. Concentration
Defining Concentration
Explaining Attentional Focus: Three Processes
Connecting Concentration to Optimal Performance
Identifying Types of Attentional Focus
Recognizing Attentional Problems
Using Self-Talk to Enhance Concentration
Assessing Attentional Skills
Improving Concentration

Part VI. Enhancing Health and Well-Being
Chapter 17.
Exercise and Psychological Well-Being
Reducing Anxiety and Depression With Exercise
Enhancing Mood With Exercise
Understanding Exercise's Effect on Psychological Well-Being
Changing Personality and Cognitive Functioning With Exercise
Enhancing Quality of Life With Exercise
Examining the Runner's High
Using Exercise As an Adjunct to Therapy

Chapter 18. Exercise Behavior and Adherence
Reasons to Exercise
Reasons for Not Exercising
Problem of Exercise Adherence
Theories and Models of Exercise Behavior
Determinants of Exercise Adherence
Settings for Exercise Interventions
Strategies for Enhancing Adherence to Exercise
Guidelines for Improving Exercise Adherence

Chapter 19. Athletic Injuries and Psychology
Psychological Factors in Athletic Injuries
How Injuries Happen
Relationship Between Stress and Injury
Psychological Reactions to Exercise and Athletic Injuries
Role of Sport Psychology in Injury Rehabilitation

Chapter 20. Addictive and Unhealthy Behaviors
Eating Disorders
Substance Abuse
Addiction to Exercise
Compulsive Gambling: An Odds-On Favorite for Trouble

Chapter 21. Burnout and Overtraining
Definitions of Overtraining, Staleness, and Burnout
Frequency of Overtraining, Staleness, and Burnout
Models of Burnout
Factors Leading to Athlete Overtraining and Burnout
Symptoms of Overtraining and Burnout
Ways to Measure Burnout
Burnout in Sport Professionals
Treatment and Prevention of Burnout

Part VII. Facilitating Psychological Development Through Sport
Chapter 22.
Children and Sport Psychology
Importance of Studying the Psychology of Young Athletes
Children's Reasons for Participation and Nonparticipation
Role of Friends in Youth Sport
Stress and Burnout in Children's Competitive Sport
Effective Coaching Practices for Young Athletes
Role of Parents

Chapter 23. Aggression in Sport
Defining Aggression
Understanding the Causes of Aggression
Examining Aggression in Sport: Special Considerations
Applying Knowledge to Professional Practice

Chapter 24. Character Development and Good Sporting Behavior
Defining Character, Fair Play, and Good Sporting Behavior
Developing Character and Good Sporting Behavior: Three Approaches
Examining Moral Development Research
Understanding Connection Between Moral Reasoning and Moral Behavior
Studying Connection Between Character Development and Physical Activity
Guiding Practice in Character Development

Continuing Your Journey

About the Authors

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