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From The CriticsReviewer: Rachel Diamant, MS, OTR/L(Arizona School of Health Sciences)
Description: This is a comprehensive text with a description of the nine frames of reference most frequently used in pediatric occupational therapy. Originally published in 1993, this updated text presents a definition of each frame of reference from a theoretical viewpoint, and a description of how to identify problems and effect remediation based each frame. In addition, the use of frames of reference is addressed in the context of daily life activities to promote optimal functioning in home, school, and community.
Purpose: The purpose is to present frames of reference in a structured format to assist occupational therapists in assessment, in development of intervention strategies, and in designing therapeutic programs to improve the functional performance of children.
Audience: This text is primarily written for entry level occupational therapy students and post professional students for use in courses that are designed for the instruction of pediatric evaluation, intervention, and theories. The text is also useful for occupational therapists who wish to enter into the area of pediatric practice from other areas of practice. Occupational therapists who currently work in the area of pediatrics will find this text useful in updating their knowledge of application of theory into practice.
Features: The text covers nine current frames of reference frequently used in the practice area of pediatric occupational therapy. Several of the more well-known theories are described, such as the Neuro-Developmental Treatment Frame of Reference, Biomechanical Frame of Reference, and Sensory Integration Frame of Reference, as well as newer ones, such as Motor Skill Acquisition Frame of Reference, and Occupational Frame of Reference. The theory development of each frame of reference is clearly discussed, as well as descriptions of function and dysfunction according to each frame of reference, assessment strategies, principles of intervention, integration of activities, and applications into practice. The authors employ photographs and tables to illustrate and structure concepts. The final five chapters are case studies that demonstrate practical application of frames of reference. In addition, the authors emphasize through the case studies that several frames of reference can be used concurrently with the same child, therefore providing more comprehensive therapeutic programming.
Assessment: This second edition provides clear and concise descriptions of current theory, and practical applications of theory for use in therapeutic programming for children. This text is unique in that it illustrates how to use theories as an assessment guideline to determine a child's functional skill capacity, instead of only viewing the child from their diagnosis and deficits. This text would then be a welcome adjunct to texts that describe developmental disabilities. The only other text that provides information about theories and frame of reference is Case-Smith's Occupational Therapy for Children, 3rd Edition (Mosby-Year Book, Inc., 1996). With changes in healthcare delivery and with public laws regarding occupational therapy service provision in early intervention programs and in school systems, it is paramount that occupational therapists remain up-to-date in their understanding of theoretical rationale, accurate problem identification, and in problem remediation.