Framing the Early Middle Ages: Europe and the Mediterranean, 400-800 / Edition 1

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The Roman empire tends to be seen as a whole whereas the early middle ages tends to be seen as a collection of regional histories, roughly corresponding to the land-areas of modern nation states. As a result, early medieval history is much more fragmented, and there have been few convincing syntheses of socio-economic change in the post-Roman world since the 1930s. In recent decades, the rise of early medieval archaeology has also transformed our source-base, but this has not been adequately integrated into analyses of documentary history in almost any country.

In Framing the Early Middle Ages Chris Wickham aims at integrating documentary and archaeological evidence together, and also, above all, at creating a comparative history of the period 400-800, by means of systematic comparative analyses of each of the regions of the latest Roman and immediately post-Roman world, from Denmark to Egypt (only the Slav areas are left out). The book concentrates on classic socio-economic themes, state finance, the wealth and identity of the aristocracy, estate management, peasant society, rural settlement, cities, and exchange. These are only a partial picture of the period, but they are intended as a framing for other developments, without which those other developments cannot be properly understood.

Wickham argues that only a complex comparative analysis can act as the basis for a wider synthesis. Whilst earlier syntheses have taken the development of a single region as 'typical', with divergent developments presented as exceptions, this book takes all different developments as typical, and aims to construct a synthesis based on a better understanding of difference and the reasons for it. This is the most ambitious and original survey of the period ever written.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher

"This is a book and a subject with a pedigree that demands the closest attention.... a tour de force.... Wickham'snds Framing the Early Middle Ages may be the last great historical work of the last century."--The New Republic

"History doesn't get any better.... More than almost any history I've read, Wickham's manages to be at once grand and rigorous. In its adroit and confident treatment of an array of subjects and disciplines, and in its exhaustive bibliography, this book, like Brown's [Rise of Western Christendom], has encapsulated and synthesized a burgeoning field of scholarship at the point of perhaps its greatest creativity."--Benjamin Schwarz, he Atlantic Monthly

"For all its great range, its methodological self-awareness, its deployment of precise and often closely analysed data from many disciplines and kinds of source, there is hardly a page of Framing the Early Middle Ages which a newcomer to the period would not find accessible, indeed warmly welcoming, in the informality of its tone, the scrupulous articulation of its reasoning and its care not to presume on the prior knowledge of the reader.... It raises the bar for all future discussion of large-scale historical change, and not just for this period, but it also shows us how we may occasionally scramble over it."--Times Literary Supplement

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780199212965
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
  • Publication date: 2/8/2007
  • Edition description: New
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 1024
  • Sales rank: 642,627
  • Product dimensions: 9.10 (w) x 6.10 (h) x 2.20 (d)

Meet the Author

Chris Wickham received his DPhil from Oxford in 1975. He has taught at the University of Birmingham since then and is currently Professor of Medieval History at the University of Oxford. He has been editor of Past and Present since 1995.

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Table of Contents

Part I: States
1. Introduction
2. Geography and Politics
3. The Form of the State
Part II: Aristocratic Power-Structures
4. Aristocracies
5. Managing the Land
6. Political Breakdown and State-Building in the North
Part III: Peasantries
7. Peasants and Local Societies: Case Studies
8. Rural Settlement and Village Societies
9. Peasant Society and its Problems
Part IV: Networks
10. Cities
11. Systems of Exchange

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