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The last fifty years of French history have seen immense challenges for the French: constructing a new European order, building a modern economy, searching for a stable political system. It has also been a time of anxiety and doubt. The French have had to come to terms with the legacy of the German Occupation, the loss of Empire, the political and social implications of the influx of foreign immigrants, the rise of Islam, the destruction of traditional rural life, and the threat of Anglo-American culture to French language.
Robert Gildea's account examines the French political system and France's role in the world from 1945 to 1955. He looks at France's attempt to recover national greatness after the Second World War, its attempt to deal with the fear of German resurgence by building the European Community, and its struggle to preserve its Empire. He looks at the Algerian war and its legacy, and the later development of a neo-colonialism to preserve its influence in Africa and the Pacific. He also examines the rise and fall of two Republics, the rise and fall of de Gaulle, and the revolution of 1968, along with topics such as the construction of the myth of the Resistance, the painful truths of French involvement in anti-Semitic persecution, and France's continuing obsession with its national identity.
|List of Figures and Tables|
|1||Crisis of Empire||5|
|2||Crisis in the State||30|
|3||Echoes of the Occupation||56|
|4||Thirty Glorious, Twenty Inglorious Years||79|
|5||The One and Indivisible Republic?||110|
|7||The Republic of the Centre||169|
|8||France in Search of a World Role||201|
|Conclusion: The Challenges Facing France||227|