Children's LiteratureFrancisco Pizarro, a Spanish conquistador or conqueror, helped Spain conquer Peru and South America. Pizarro was born in Spain but eventually left for Hispaniola, an island in the Caribbean where the Spanish had set up a colony. Later, Pizarro grew wealthy as a farmer and part-owner of a gold mine, then he went to Panama to help set up a new Spanish colony. Pizarro and his men endured disease, death, and many battles with the natives. After several voyages, Pizarro gained the Spanish King and Queen's support by presenting them with golden objects. Since they desired more gold, they gave Pizarro power to rule any new territory that he discovered. As his obsession with gold and power continued, Pizarro and his men continued to conquer, taking over the Incan empire. The beginning of the Spanish conquest of Peru occurred after Pizarro's battle at Cajamarca. Pizarro's partner, Almagro, was beheaded for trying to destroy Pizarro's forces; however, Almagro's followers exacted revenge by murdering Pizarro in 1541. In this title in the "Footsteps of Explorers" series, John Zronik not only recounts the life history of Pizarro, but also explains the customs and myths associated with the period in which the explorer lived. The author includes a timeline of important events in the margins for easy reference. 2005, Crabtree Publishing Company, Ages 8 to 13.
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