Frauds, Myths, and Mysteries: Science and Pseudoscience in Archaeology / Edition 6

Frauds, Myths, and Mysteries: Science and Pseudoscience in Archaeology / Edition 6

by Kenneth L. Feder
     
 

ISBN-10: 0073405299

ISBN-13: 9780073405292

Pub. Date: 11/28/2007

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Companies,Inc.

FRAUDS, MYTHS, AND MYSTERIES is an increasingly indispensable supplementary text that uses interesting archaeological hoaxes, myths, and mysteries to show how we can truly know things about the past through science.

Overview

FRAUDS, MYTHS, AND MYSTERIES is an increasingly indispensable supplementary text that uses interesting archaeological hoaxes, myths, and mysteries to show how we can truly know things about the past through science.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780073405292
Publisher:
McGraw-Hill Companies,Inc.
Publication date:
11/28/2007
Edition description:
Older Edition
Pages:
408
Product dimensions:
5.90(w) x 9.10(h) x 0.60(d)

Table of Contents

Preface

Quick Start Guide

Chapter 1: Science and Pseudoscience

Belief in the Unbelievable

The Morning of the Magicians

Pseudoscience and Archaeology

Why I Wrote This Book

Frequently Asked Questions

Best of the Web

Critical Thinking Exercises

Chapter 2: Epistemology: How You Know What You Know

Knowing Things

Collecting Information: Seeing Isn't Necessarily Believing

Collecting Information: Relying on Others

Science: Playing by the Rules

There Is a Real and Knowable Universe

The Universe Operates According to Understandable Laws

The Laws Are Immutable

The Laws Can Be Understood

The Workings of Science

The Case of Childbed Fever

The Science and Nonscience: The Essential Differences

A Rule in Assessing Explanations

The Art of Science

Where Do Hypotheses Come From?

Testing Hypotheses

The Human Enterprise of Science

Science and Archaeology

Frequently Asked Questions

Best of the Web

Critical Thinking Exercises

Chapter 3: Anatomy of an Archaeological Hoax

The Cardiff Giant: The Goliath of New York

The Discovery

The Beginning of the End

Hull's Confession

The End of the Giant

Why Did They Do It?

Current Perspectives: Frauds

The Rules for a Successful Archaeological Hoax

Frequently Asked Questions

Best of the Web

Critical Thinking Exercise

Chapter 4: Dawson’s Dawn Man: The Hoax at Piltdown

The Evolutionary Context

The Brain-Centered Paradigm

A Remarkable Discovery in Sussex

The Piltdown Enigma

Unmasking the Hoax

Whodunnit?

Suspect: Charles Dawson

Suspect: Arthur Smith Woodward

Suspect: Pierre Teilhard de Chardin

Suspect: Sir Grafton Elliot Smith

Suspect: Sir Arthur Keith

Suspect: Martin A. C. Hinton

Suspect: Lewis Abbott

Suspect: W. J. Sallas

Suspect: Sir Arthur Conan Doyle

The Lesson of Piltdown

Current Perspectives: Human Evolution

Frequently Asked Questions

Best of the Web

Critical Thinking Exercise

Chapter 5: Who Discovered America?

America's First People

A New World-To Europeans

Biblical Exegesis and American Indians

American Indians: From Israelites to Atlanteans

Tracing the Source of Native Americans

Out of Asia

An "American Genesis"?

Tracing People by Their Biology

Archaeology of the First Americans

Who's Next? After the Indians, Before Columbus

Artifact Trails: Evidence of Visitors to the New World

Europeans in America: The Norse Discovery of America

A Newfound Land

Where Was Vinland and Who Were the Skraelings?

Norse Discovery of America: The Physical Evidence

Other Evidence of the Viking Presence?

Other Voyagers, Other Visitors

A Chinese Discovery of the New World?

Africans in Ancient America?

Other Europeans in the New World Before Columbus?

America

Linguistics

Inscriptions

Architecture

The Archaeological Verdict

Archaeological Context: Digging Pits and Recovering Evidence

Current Perspectives: The Peopling of the Americas

Frequently Asked Questions

Best of the Web

Critical Thinking Exercises

Chapter 6. The Myth of the Moundbuilders

The Myth of a Vanished Race

Who Were the Moundbuilders? Identifying the Vanished Race

The Walum Olum

The Archaeology of the Myth

The Moundbuilder Mystery Solved

Rationale for the Myth of a Vanished Race

Current Perspectives: The Moundbuilders

Frequently Asked Questions

Best of the Web

Critical Thinking Exercise

Chapter 7: Lost: One Continent—Reward

Atlantis: Where Are You?

Atlantis: The Source of the Legend

The Timaeus Dialogue

The Critias Dialogue

The Source and Meaning of Timaeus and Critias

Who Invented Atlantis?

Where Did Plato Get the Details of the Story?

A Minoan Source

After Plato

Ignatius Donnelly: The Minnesota Congressman

Atlantis After Donnelly

Current Perspectives: Atlantis

Ancient Greece

Archaeological Evidence in the Atlantic: The Bimini Wall

The Geology of the Atlantic

Frequently Asked Questions

Best of the Web

Critical Thinking Exercise

Chapter 8: Prehistoric E.T.: The Fantasy of Ancient Astronauts

Gods in Fiery Chariots

The Inkblot Hypothesis

The Amorous Astronaut Hypothesis

The "Our Ancestors, the Dummies" Hypothesis

Extraterrestrial Calendars?

Extraterrestrial Aliens in the Pacific?

A Real Mystery

The Archaeology of Mars

Current Perspectives:The von Daniken Phenomenon

Frequently Asked Questions

Best of the Web

Critical Thinking Exercise

Chapter 9: Mysterious Egypt

When Did People Get This Smart?

Ancient Egypt

How Did They Build the Pyramids?

Tutankhamun

Pyramids in Bosnia?

Current Perspectives: Secrets of the Pyramids

Frequently Asked Questions

Best of the Web

Critical Thinking Exercise

Chapter 10: Good Vibrations: Psychics and Dowsers

Psychic Archaeology

The Roots of Psychic Archaeology

Psychic Site Location

Psychic Excavation

Psychic Cultural Reconstruction

Psychic Archaeology: The Verdict

Dowsing Instead of Digging

Testing the Dowsers

Current Perspectives: Archaeology Without Digging

Frequently Asked Question

Best of the Web

Critical Thinking Exercise

Chapter 11: Old-Time Religion—New Age Visions

Scientific Creationism

Noah's Ark

Footprints in Time

Other Guises of Creationism

The Shroud of Turin

Testing the Shroud

Burial Boxes of Jerusalem

New Age Prehistory

Current Perspectives: Religions Old and New

Frequently Asked Questions

Best of the Web

Critical Thinking Exercise

Chapter 12: Real Mysteries of a Veritable Past

The Cave Painters of Europe

Explaining the Cave Paintings

The Civilization of the Maya

Explaining the Maya

The Mysterious Collapse of the Maya?

Stonehenge

Explaining Stonehenge

Circular Reasoning About Stonehenge

An Ancient Astronomy?

Why Was Stonehenge Built?

Conclusion: A Past We Deserve

Frequently Asked Questions

Best of the Web

Critical Thinking Exercise

References

Index

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