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Free Will brings together the essential readings on the debate of free will and determinism.Written by top scholars in the field, the essays represent some of the clearest and most accessible thinking on this subject. The introduction offers a concise yet thorough mapping of this age-old debate as well as a helpful overview of the selections.
Introduction (Robert Kane).
Part I: The Free Will Problem: Standard Positions:Compatibilism, Libertarianism, Hard and Soft Determinism.
1. Walden Two: Freedom and the Behavioral Sciences (B. F.Skinner).
2. The Compatibility of Freedom and Determinism (KaiNielsen).
3. Human Freedom and the Self (Roderick Chisholm).
4. Hard and Soft Determinism (Paul Edwards).
Part II: The Compatibility / Incompatibility Question:Alternative Possibilities and Moral Responsibility.
5. The Incompatibility of Free Will and Determinism (Peter vanInwagen).
6. I Could Not Have Done Otherwise -– So What? (DanielDennett).
7. Frankfurt-style Examples, Responsibility andSemi-compatibilism (John Martin Fischer).
8. The Explanatory Irrelevance of Alternative Possibilities(Derk Pereboom).
Part III: Hierarchical Motivation, Deep Self Theories andReactive Attitudes: New Compatibilist Theories.
9. Freedom of the Will and the Concept of a Person (HarryFrankfurt).
10. Sanity and the Metaphysics of Responsibility (SusanWolf).
11. Responsibility and the Limits of Evil; Variations on aStrawsonian Theme (Gary Watson).
Part IV: The Intelligibility Question: Libertarian orIncompatibilist Views of Free Agency and Free Will.
12. The Mystery of Metaphysical Freedom (Peter van Inwagen).
13. The Agent as Cause (Timothy O'Connor).
14. Freedom, Responsibility and Agency (Carl Ginet).
15. Free Will: New Directions for an Ancient Problem (RobertKane).
16. Chess, Life and Superlife (David Hodgson).
Part V: Religion and Free Will: Divine Foreknowledge andHuman Freedom.
17. Divine Foreknowledge, Evil, and the Free Choice of the Will(St. Augustine).
18. God, Time, Knowledge and Freedom: The Historical Matrix(William Hasker).