Freedom Within Reason / Edition 1

Freedom Within Reason / Edition 1

2.0 2
by Susan R. Wolf
     
 

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ISBN-10: 0195085655

ISBN-13: 9780195085655

Pub. Date: 10/28/1993

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

Philosophers typically see the issue of free will and determinism in terms of a debate between two standard positions. Incompatibilism holds that freedom and responsibility require causal and metaphysical independence from the impersonal forces of nature. According to compatibilism, people are free and responsible as long as their actions are governed by their

Overview

Philosophers typically see the issue of free will and determinism in terms of a debate between two standard positions. Incompatibilism holds that freedom and responsibility require causal and metaphysical independence from the impersonal forces of nature. According to compatibilism, people are free and responsible as long as their actions are governed by their desires. In Freedom Within Reason, Susan Wolf charts a path between these traditional positions: We are not free and responsible, she argues, for actions that are governed by desires that we cannot help having. But the wish to form our own desires from nothing is both futile and arbitrary. Some of the forces beyond our control are friends to freedom rather than enemies of it: they endow us with faculties of reason, perception, and imagination, and provide us with the data by which we come to see and appreciate the world for what it is. The independence we want, Wolf argues, is not independence from the world, but independence from forces that prevent or preclude us from choosing how to live in light of a sufficient appreciation of the world. The freedom we want is a freedom within reason and the world.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780195085655
Publisher:
Oxford University Press, USA
Publication date:
10/28/1993
Edition description:
REPRINT
Pages:
176
Product dimensions:
8.13(w) x 5.50(h) x 0.54(d)
Lexile:
1550L (what's this?)

Table of Contents

1.The Dilemma of Autonomy (In Which the Problems of Responsibility and Free Will Are Presented)3
Setting Up the Problem(s): The Dilemma of Autonomy4
Defending the Problem as a Problem: The Metaphysical Stance15
2.The Real Self View (In Which a Nonautonomous Conception of Free Will and Responsibility is Examined and Criticized)23
Relating the Problems of Free Will and Responsibility to Determinism24
Avoiding Autonomy: Developing the Idea of an Agent's Real Self26
Problems with the Real Self View35
3.The Autonomy View (In Which an Autonomous Conception of Free Will and Responsibility Is Examined and Criticized)46
The Apparent (but Only Apparent) Autonomy of Valuing Selves49
Autonomy as the Ability to Make Radical Choices53
The (Non) Desirability of Autonomy55
A Last Voice in Favor of Autonomy: The Skeptic's Perspective62
4.The Reason View (In Which a Nonautonomous Conception of Free Will and Responsibility Is Proposed)67
The Reason View Compared with the Autonomy View68
The Reason View Compared with the Real Self View73
The Reason View as an Intermediary between the Other Views76
The Asymmetry of the Reason View79
The Reason View Applied81
Blameworthiness According to the Reason View85
The Unity and Spirit of the Reason View89
5.Ability and Possibility (In Which the Implications of Determinism for Responsibility Are Discussed)94
Determinism and the Reason View96
Conditional Analyses of Ability97
An Alternative Characterization of Ability100
The Story103
The Moral of the Story112
6.The True and the Good (In Which the Metaethical Assumptions of the Reason View Are Examined)117
The Role of "the True and the Good" in the Reason View118
The Metaethical Spectrum123
Varieties of Antiobjectivism126
Conceptual Subjectivism's Implications for the Reason View132
Normative Pluralism and Its Conjunction with the Reason View135
How Much Freedom (and Reason) Do We Need?142
Notes149
Selected Readings155
Index159

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