Freedom's Power: The History and Promise of Liberalism


American politics are as fractured and partisan as they have ever been and liberalism is in greater peril than at any time in recent history. Conservatives treat it as an epithet, and even some liberals have confused it with sentimentality and socialism. But Paul Starr, Pulitzer Prize-winning author and one of America’s leading intellectuals, claims that, properly understood, liberalism is a sturdy public philosophy, deeply rooted in our traditions, capable of making America a ...

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American politics are as fractured and partisan as they have ever been and liberalism is in greater peril than at any time in recent history. Conservatives treat it as an epithet, and even some liberals have confused it with sentimentality and socialism. But Paul Starr, Pulitzer Prize-winning author and one of America’s leading intellectuals, claims that, properly understood, liberalism is a sturdy public philosophy, deeply rooted in our traditions, capable of making America a freer and more secure country.

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Editorial Reviews

Michael Lind
Freedom’s Power is an impressive achievement that deserves to be pondered by the critics of contemporary American liberalism no less than by its supporters.
— The New York Times
Lynn Hunt
Riding to the rescue of those still traumatized by 20 years or more of successful demonization by the Republicans, Paul Starr…offers a lucid and well-informed explanation of the origins, history and current prospects of liberalism. Starr's achievement is not minor, for liberalism is devilishly difficult to pin down…Starr has more in mind, however, than a useful historical survey; he aims to provide a guide for the present. Believing that American conservatives have failed to achieve much of substance while in power these past decades, he senses an "opportunity to rebuild a political majority by showing how liberal ideas make sense for America and by reopening a conversation with people who believe that liberals have not shown any concern or respect for them." He is much more successful at justifying liberal ideas than at reaching out to skeptics.
—The Washington Post
Publishers Weekly

Part political theory and part intellectual history, this book tracks the development of liberalism as the world's dominant political tradition and argues for its continued ascendancy as the best guarantor of individual rights and prosperity on the global stage. Starr, a Princeton sociology and public affairs professor and founding editor of the American Prospect, explains modern liberalism as an evolutionary process, rooted in classical laissez-faire liberalism, and gradually accreting a greater role for the state to provide a social safety net, defend equal rights for all and institute true democratic pluralism. Defending liberalism from its socialist as well as its conservative critics, Starr sees his ideology as a middle path, harnessing the creative power of the free market while tempering some of its capriciousness. A central thesis is that "[t]he peculiar internal tension of liberal constitutions is that they constrain power even as they authorize it—that is, they attempt to curb the despotic power and ambitions of individual rulers and officials and, by doing so, to permit stronger systemic capacities." The first section of the book discusses the causes and consequences of liberal revolutions in Britain, America and France, while later chapters cover recent events, including the 2006 congressional elections. Complex macroeconomic, demographic and philosophical trends are presented engagingly and understandably for casual readers and political buffs alike. (Apr.)

Copyright 2007 Reed Business Information
Foreign Affairs
Starr, a distinguished political sociologist, offers an eloquent restatement of the principles and promise of modern liberalism. In recent decades, the "liberal project" in the United States seems to have lost its way, while conservatism has come into its own. Starr sets out to recover the guiding ideas of American liberalism and defend their relevance today. Part of his book is a sweeping intellectual history of "constitutional liberalism" -- a retelling of the great movements of Anglo-American liberal political development, in which citizenship rights and limited government were secured. He argues that liberalism is not simply a set of principles about freedom and equality but a "discipline of power" -- ideas about how to both control and create power. Accordingly, the singular achievement of liberalism has been restricting arbitrary power and thereby unleashing the ability of society to generate wealth, knowledge, inclusion, and opportunity. Starr acknowledges the decline of liberal innovation in recent the decades, but he resists the conservative charge that New Frontier and Great Society liberalism was tried and failed. To reinvigorate the liberal project, he urges a public philosophy of "partnership," which at home means moving beyond interest-group liberalism and abroad means a return to multilateralism and a community of democracies. Starr's contribution is to help restart the national conversation about the sources of American greatness.
Library Journal

Written as "a rebuttal to contemporary conservatism and as a corrective to some currents of liberal thought and progressive politics," this intellectual history and political analysis attempts to show that modern liberalism is really a continuation of the classic liberal tradition, emphasizing constitutional government and individual rights. Starr (sociology & public affairs, Princeton Univ.; editor, The American Prospect; The Social Transformation of American Medicine) defines liberalism as "a design of power in support of freedom" and argues clearly and convincingly for liberalism as a middle ground between conservatism and socialism. In discussing the development of classical liberalism and modern democratic liberalism, Starr ranges far and wide over English, French, and American history. In looking at the present, he attacks Bush's unilateralism, insensitivity to the world's environmental problems, and lack of concern for economic equality. He believes that liberalism can regain a national majority by looking at domestic bread-and-butter issues in terms of the national interest rather than the objectives of specific interest groups and by recommitting to a multilateral approach to foreign policy. For academic and larger public libraries.
—Jack Forman

Kirkus Reviews
Pulitzer Prize-winner Starr (The Creation of the Media, 2004, etc.) is liberal and proud of it. The editor of The American Prospect offers a decidedly upbeat account of the liberal tradition. It best reflects America's founding ideals of "life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness," argues Starr (Sociology and Public Affairs/Princeton Univ.), and has proven a workable basis for strong, enduring liberal democracies in our time. In its broadest meaning, he writes, liberalism refers to the principles of constitutional government and individual rights that emerged in the 17th- and 18th-century writings of such thinkers as Locke, Montesquieu and Madison. It animated the American and French Revolutions and led to the birth of the modern liberal state. By constraining arbitrary power and unleashing freedom's power, constitutional liberalism sought to create a free, fair and prosperous society. Beginning in the late-19th century, democratic forces spurred the rise of modern liberalism, with its penchant for government regulation, stronger protection of civil liberties and respect for cultural diversity. While criticized from both the right and left, liberal democracies work, Starr avers. They have proven flexible, pragmatic and successful; they have weathered depressions and world wars. In the 1960s, when many deemed liberalism a failure, they fostered a great moral transformation that rectified injustices, expanded freedom and democracy and changed America for the better. Analyzing the consequences of the Bush administration's conservative policies-growing economic inequality, environmental deterioration, long-term fiscal problems, the Iraq War-the author believes liberals now have anopportunity to build a political majority and lead the nation in a progressive direction. To do so, they must develop organizational strength, achieve intellectual coherence reflecting liberal principles and create a program based on shared prosperity. An informed and eloquent case for liberalism as the American way.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780465081875
  • Publisher: Basic Books
  • Publication date: 8/25/2008
  • Edition description: Reprint
  • Pages: 288
  • Product dimensions: 5.30 (w) x 7.90 (h) x 0.80 (d)

Meet the Author

Paul Starr is Professor of Sociology and Public Affairs at Princeton University and its Woodrow Wilson School of Public Affairs. He is the author of the Pulitzer Prize-winning The Social Transformation of American Medicine and The Creation of the Media. Starr is the co-founder and editor of The American Prospect. He lives in Princeton, New Jersey.

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Table of Contents

Preface and Acknowledgments     ix
Introduction: The Liberal Project     1
Constitutional Liberalism
Liberalism and the Discipline of Power     15
Power and Liberty     17
How Liberalism Works     21
The Origins of Constitutional Liberalism     23
The Creative Reluctance of Liberal Statecraft     29
Constitutionalism and Power in England     32
Creating and Controlling Power in America     41
The Classical Discipline     53
Public Versus Private     54
Rule of Law and the Division of Powers     58
Religious Liberty and the Separation of Church and State     61
Economic Freedom and Property Rights     66
Civil Society and Representative Government     72
The Limits of Classical Liberalism     78
Modern Democratic Liberalism
Lineages of Democratic Liberalism     85
Democracy, Education, and Citizenship     87
Equality, Labor, and Positive Government     95
Civil Liberties and the Liberalization of Culture     106
Liberal Nationalism and Internationalism     112
Liberalism and the Long Crisis, 1914-1991     117
Liberal Statecraft Under Pressure     120
The Unexpected World Revolution     127
Why Democratic Liberalism Works     139
Shared Prosperity     142
The Modern Discipline: Pluralism in Full     150
Did Liberalism Go Wrong in the Sixties?     159
The Liberal Project of Our Time
Up from Socialism     181
After 1989: The Postcommunist Choice     185
Social-Market Liberalism in the New Europe     191
American Liberalism Without a Left     199
Statecraft and Danger in a New World     205
The Two Faces of Unilateralism     208
Power Through Partnership     216
In This Together: The Democratic Partnership Now     219
Notes     237
Index     261
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