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Freedom's Sword is the first history to detail the remarkable, lasting achievements of the NAACP's first sixty years. From its pivotal role in overturning the Jim Crow laws in the South to its twenty-year court campaign that culminated with Brown v. the Board of Education, the NAACP has been at the forefront of the struggle against American racism. Gilbert Jonas, a fifty-year veteran of the organization, tracks America's political and social landscape period by period, as the NAACP grows to 400,000 members and is recognized by both blacks and whites as the leading force for social justice.
Jonas recounts the historic combined efforts of ordinary citizens and black leaders such as W.E.B. Dubois, James Weldon Johnson, and Thurgood Marshall to root out white-only political primaries, separate schools, and segregated city buses. Freedom's Sword is a vivid and passionately written account of the single most influential secular organization in black America.
|1||Creating a change agent : the NAACP's early years||7|
|2||The law as a weapon against unjust laws||31|
|3||Southern retaliation against Negro determination||67|
|4||Leading the African-American quest for political power||109|
|5||Comes the revolution : the struggle between the NAACP and the Communist Party USA||135|
|6||World War II and its consequences for race||151|
|7||The politics of political advancement||169|
|8||Revolution at the ballot box||203|
|9||Black workers, white unions, and the struggle for job equality||231|
|10||Head to head with the Garment Workers Union||265|
|11||The end of pretense : organized labor refuses to desegregate||281|
|12||Roy Wilkins : the gentle giant||303|
|13||The NAACP develops financial muscle||357|