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In 1946, after more than three hundred years as French colonies, Martinique, Guadeloupe, and French Guiana were transformed into "overseas departments" of France, equal and identical in theory to any French department. This book assesses the effects of almost half a century of political assimilation into France and asks to what extent the high standard of living enjoyed by French West Indians today has been offset by losses on the political, cultural, and psychological levels.
The book, whose contributors come from the French West Indies themselves and from Britain and Jamaica, brings a variety of perspectives to bear on what to many observers will seem a paradox in the postcolonial age: three West Indian societies that are now part of Europe and whose desire to remain French far outweighs- or so it seems- their desire to be West Indian.
University of Virginia Press
|Introduction: The French West Indies a l'heure de l'Europe: an overview||1|
|Ch. 1||Constitutional and political change in the French Caribbean||20|
|Ch. 2||Politics and society in Martinique||34|
|Ch. 3||Guadeloupean consensus||48|
|Ch. 4||Society, culture and politics in French Guiana||56|
|Ch. 5||Dialectics of descent and phenotypes in racial classification in Martinique||75|
|Ch. 6||The Declaration of the Treaty of Maastricht on the ultra-peripheral regions of the Community: an assessment||86|
|Ch. 7||The French Antilles and the wider Caribbean||98|
|Ch. 8||West Indians in France||112|
|Ch. 9||Women from Guadeloupe and Martinique||119|
|Ch. 10||The idea of difference in contemporary French West Indian thought: Negritude, Antillanite, Creolite||137|
|Ch. 11||French West Indian writing since 1970||167|