French Peasant Fascism: Henry Dorgi'Ares' Greenshirts and the Crises of French Agriculture, 1929-1939 / Edition 1

French Peasant Fascism: Henry Dorgi'Ares' Greenshirts and the Crises of French Agriculture, 1929-1939 / Edition 1

by Robert O. Paxton
     
 

ISBN-10: 0195111893

ISBN-13: 9780195111897

Pub. Date: 10/28/1997

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

French Peasant Fascism is the first account of the Greenshirts, a militant right-wing peasant movement in 1930s France that sought to transform the Republic into an authoritarian, agrarian state. Author Robert Paxton examines the Greenshirts in five case studies, throwing new light on French rural society and institutions during the Depression and on the emergence

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Overview

French Peasant Fascism is the first account of the Greenshirts, a militant right-wing peasant movement in 1930s France that sought to transform the Republic into an authoritarian, agrarian state. Author Robert Paxton examines the Greenshirts in five case studies, throwing new light on French rural society and institutions during the Depression and on the emergence of a new rural leadership of authentic farmers. Paxton points out that fascism remained weak in the French countryside because the French state protected landowners more effectively than did those of Weimar Germany and Italy, and because French rural notables were so firmly embedded in social and economic power.

Although the Greenshirts disappeared with the Third Republic, they left a double legacy: a tradition of peasant direct action, which is still exercised today; and the idea of France as a peasant nation, whose identity and virtues rest upon the persistence of a large peasant sector. That self-image continues to influence French policy choices today, long after the social structure on which it rested has disappeared.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780195111897
Publisher:
Oxford University Press, USA
Publication date:
10/28/1997
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
256
Product dimensions:
6.10(w) x 9.00(h) x 0.70(d)

Table of Contents

Abbreviations
Introduction3
In Search of Henry Dorgeres3
1The Triple Crisis of the French Peasantry, 1929-3911
The Depression12
A Vanishing Way of Life27
A Crisis of Representation36
2The Rise of Dorgerism51
The Creation of Henry Dorgeres51
Dorgeres and the Agrarian Press54
Dorgeres, the Peasant Tribune57
Dorgeres against the Republic61
3Five Scenarios of Peasant Action69
Giving the Peasants a Voice: The Market-day Rally70
Pushing Back the State: The Battle of Bray-sur-Somme, 18 June 193378
Pushing Back the Reds84
Breaking Industrial Strikes: Isigny (Calvados), August-December 1936102
Organizing the Market: Le Petrolage des Petits Pois, Finistere, June 1938110
4Dorgeres, the Agrarian Elite, and the State, 1934-44119
Dorgerism, 1934-40: Who, Where, and How Many?120
The Peasant Front129
Where Did the Money Come From?134
The Republic against Dorgeres135
The Notables Drop Dorgeres138
Triumph and Disappointment: Dorgeres at Vichy142
5Aftermath, Legacy, Meanings151
Dorgeres after the War151
A Village Fascism?154
The Dorgerist Moment165
France as a Peasant Nation174
Notes187
Bibliographical Essay227
Index235

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