Freshwater Stingrays from South America (Aqualog Special 13 Series)by Richard Ross
In the rivers and lakes of tropical South America lives a group of fishes that are more often associated with the seastingrays. Although in their natural habitat they are feared much more than the piranhas, on account of their dangerous poisonous spines, all over the world increasing numbers of enthusiastic aquarists are succumbing to the fascination of these unique creatures.
Dr Richard Ross, a scientist at the Santa Barbara Zoo in America, has for a long time been keeping these fishes in the display aquaria at the zoo, and here publishes the vast store of knowledge derived from this experience. The requirements of these rays, as regards successful maintenance and breeding, are revealed in detail for the first time in the literature. The reader will learn all about the requisite tank size, how to set up an aquarium for rays, the correct water parameters, and breeding. The successful diagnosis and treatment of diseases that affect rays is also covered in detail. In addition the different species groups and their peculiarities are discussed.
The extremely detailed text is illustrated with more than 80 unique photos, making this an indispensable book for anyone who wishes to know more about these interesting creatures or who is keepingor planning to keepstingrays in an aquarium.
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This exceptionally well done introduction to Neotropical Freshwater Stingrays provides all the essential information necessary to successfully maintain and breed these unusual fish in captivity. Brief introductory comments on the evolution, taxonomy, anatomy and venom of Freshwater Stingrays plus reviews of the setup and design of aquaria, general water quality and care requirements, substrate considerations, foods and feeding, breeding, health care and disease and a pictorial overview of various species.