Freud's Free Clinics: Psychoanalysis & Social Justice, 1918-1938 / Edition 1

Freud's Free Clinics: Psychoanalysis & Social Justice, 1918-1938 / Edition 1

by Elizabeth Ann Danto
     
 

ISBN-10: 023113181X

ISBN-13: 9780231131810

Pub. Date: 05/04/2007

Publisher: Columbia University Press

Today many view Sigmund Freud as an elitist whose psychoanalytic treatment was reserved for the intellectually and financially advantaged. However, in this new work Elizabeth Ann Danto presents a strikingly different picture of Freud and the early psychoanalytic movement. Danto recovers the neglected history of Freud and other analysts' intense social activism and

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Overview

Today many view Sigmund Freud as an elitist whose psychoanalytic treatment was reserved for the intellectually and financially advantaged. However, in this new work Elizabeth Ann Danto presents a strikingly different picture of Freud and the early psychoanalytic movement. Danto recovers the neglected history of Freud and other analysts' intense social activism and their commitment to treating the poor and working classes.

Danto's narrative begins in the years following the end of World War I and the fall of the Habsburg Empire. Joining with the social democratic and artistic movements that were sweeping across Central and Western Europe, analysts such as Freud, Wilhelm Reich, Erik Erikson, Karen Horney, Erich Fromm, and Helene Deutsch envisioned a new role for psychoanalysis. These psychoanalysts saw themselves as brokers of social change and viewed psychoanalysis as a challenge to conventional political and social traditions. Between 1920 and 1938 and in ten different cities, they created outpatient centers that provided free mental health care. They believed that psychoanalysis would share in the transformation of civil society and that these new outpatient centers would help restore people to their inherently good and productive selves.

Drawing on oral histories and new archival material, Danto offers vivid portraits of the movement's central figures and their beliefs. She explores the successes, failures, and challenges faced by free institutes such as the Berlin Poliklinik, the Vienna Ambulatorium, and Alfred Adler's child-guidance clinics. She also describes the efforts of Wilhelm Reich's Sex-Pol, a fusion of psychoanalysis and left-wing politics, which provided free counseling and sex education and aimed to end public repression of private sexuality.

In addition to situating the efforts of psychoanalysts in the political and cultural contexts of Weimar Germany and Red Vienna, Danto also discusses the important treatments and methods developed during this period, including child analysis, short-term therapy, crisis intervention, task-centered treatment, active therapy, and clinical case presentations. Her work illuminates the importance of the social environment and the idea of community to the theory and practice of psychoanalysis.

Columbia University Press

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780231131810
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
Publication date:
05/04/2007
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
352
Sales rank:
726,109
Product dimensions:
5.70(w) x 8.70(h) x 0.90(d)
Age Range:
18 Years

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments"The Conscience of Society"—Introduction1. 1918-1922: Society Awakes2. 1923-1932: The Most Gratifying Years3. 1933-1938: TerminationNotes Bibliography Index

Columbia University Press

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