Freud's Free Clinics: Psychoanalysis & Social Justice, 1918-1938by Elizabeth Ann Danto
Today many view Sigmund Freud as an elitist whose psychoanalytic treatment was reserved for the intellectually and financially advantaged. However, in this new work Elizabeth Ann Danto presents a strikingly different picture of Freud and the early psychoanalytic movement. Danto recovers the neglected history of Freud and other analysts' intense social activism and
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Today many view Sigmund Freud as an elitist whose psychoanalytic treatment was reserved for the intellectually and financially advantaged. However, in this new work Elizabeth Ann Danto presents a strikingly different picture of Freud and the early psychoanalytic movement. Danto recovers the neglected history of Freud and other analysts' intense social activism and their commitment to treating the poor and working classes.
Danto's narrative begins in the years following the end of World War I and the fall of the Habsburg Empire. Joining with the social democratic and artistic movements that were sweeping across Central and Western Europe, analysts such as Freud, Wilhelm Reich, Erik Erikson, Karen Horney, Erich Fromm, and Helene Deutsch envisioned a new role for psychoanalysis. These psychoanalysts saw themselves as brokers of social change and viewed psychoanalysis as a challenge to conventional political and social traditions. Between 1920 and 1938 and in ten different cities, they created outpatient centers that provided free mental health care. They believed that psychoanalysis would share in the transformation of civil society and that these new outpatient centers would help restore people to their inherently good and productive selves.
Drawing on oral histories and new archival material, Danto offers vivid portraits of the movement's central figures and their beliefs. She explores the successes, failures, and challenges faced by free institutes such as the Berlin Poliklinik, the Vienna Ambulatorium, and Alfred Adler's child-guidance clinics. She also describes the efforts of Wilhelm Reich's Sex-Pol, a fusion of psychoanalysis and left-wing politics, which provided free counseling and sex education and aimed to end public repression of private sexuality.
In addition to situating the efforts of psychoanalysts in the political and cultural contexts of Weimar Germany and Red Vienna, Danto also discusses the important treatments and methods developed during this period, including child analysis, short-term therapy, crisis intervention, task-centered treatment, active therapy, and clinical case presentations. Her work illuminates the importance of the social environment and the idea of community to the theory and practice of psychoanalysis.
Paul M. Brinich
A crucial corrective to the view of psychoanalysis as politically inert and socially disengaged.
Eric J. Engstrom
W. W. Meissner, S.J., M.D.
- Columbia University Press
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- NOOK Book
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- 9 MB
Read an Excerpt
It is possible to foresee that the conscience of society will awake and remind it that the poor man should have just as much right to assistance for his mind as he now has to the life-saving help offered by surgery.... Then institutions and out-patient clinics will be started, to which analytically-trained physicians will be appointed so that men who would otherwise give to drink, women who have already succumbed under the burden of their privations, children for whom there is no choice but running wild or neurosis, may be made capable by analysis of resistance and efficient work. Such treatments will be free. -- Sigmund Freud, 'Lines of Advance in Psychoanalytic Psychotherapy' (1918)
What People are Saying About This
'I am a liberal of the old school,' wrote Sigmund Freud in a late letter to the German novelist, Arnold Zweig. A rare comment that underscores the significance of Freud's political leanings. Elizabeth Danto's invaluable, carefully researched and highly readable book on the free psychoanalytic clinics in Vienna, Berlin and elsewhere, impressively illuminates the master's influence on the understudied field of social psychoanalysis, its tough-minded and too little discussed liberalism.
Peter Gay, Sterling Professor of History Emeritus, Yale University, author of Freud: A Life for Our Time
Meet the Author
Elizabeth Ann Danto is associate professor and chair of the Foundations of Practice at Hunter College School of Social Work, City University of New York.
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