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Harry Potter, Buffy the Vampire Slayer, and the Left Behind series are but the latest manifestations of American teenagers' longstanding fascination with the supernatural and the paranormal. In this groundbreaking book, Lynn Schofield Clark explores the implications of this fascination for contemporary religious and spiritual practices. Relying on stories gleaned from more than 250 in-depth interviews with teens and their families, Clark seeks to discover what today's teens really believe and why. She finds that as adherence to formal religious bodies declines, interest in alternative spiritualities as well as belief in "superstition" grow accordingly. Ironically, she argues, fundamentalist Christian alarmism about the forces of evil has also fed belief in a wider array of supernatural entities.
Resisting the claim that the media "brainwash" teens, Clark argues that today's popular stories of demons, hell, and the afterlife actually have their roots in the U.S.'s religious heritage. She considers why some young people are nervous about supernatural stories in the media, while others comfortably and often unselfconsciously blur the boundaries between those stories of the realm beyond that belong to traditional religion and those offered by the entertainment media. At a time of increased religious pluralism and declining participation in formal religious institutions, Clark says, we must completely reexamine what young people mean—and what they may believe—when they identify themselves as "spiritual" or "religious."
Offering provocative insights into how the entertainment media shape contemporary religious ideas and practices, From Angels to Aliens paints a surprising—and perhaps alarming—portrait of the spiritual state of America's youth.
|Pt. I||The Supernatural Today: Why the Fascination?|
|Introduction: From Angels to Aliens||3|
|1||Angels, Aliens, and the Dark Side of Evangelicalism||24|
|2||Touched by a Vampire Named Angel: The Supernatural in Contemporary Teen Popular Culture||46|
|Pt. II||Ethnographic Stories: Teens and their Approaches to Media, Religion, and Supernatural Beliefs|
|3||The Resisters: Loving Supernatural Legends and Hating Organized Religion||77|
|4||The Mystical Teens: Blurring the Boundaries between Religious and Fictional Legends||95|
|5||The Experimenters: Appreciating Both Religion and the Legends of the Supernatural||117|
|6||The Traditionalists: Affirming the Boundary between Religion and the Media||139|
|7||The Intrigued Teens (and the Issue of Angels): Wishing to Separate Religion and Legend, but Having Difficulty Doing So||158|
|Pt. III||Contexts and Conclusions|
|8||Baby Boomers and Their Millennial Kids: Parental Intentions Regarding the Media, Religion, and Beliefs in the Supernatural||183|
|9||Religion, Class, and Politics: Discussing Aliens and Angels in the Family and in Society||204|
|10||Conclusion: The Dark Side of Evangelicalism and the Religion of the Possible||224|
|App. A||Comments on Methodology||237|
|App. B||Sample Information||247|