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The study of human bipedalism has been overshadowed by many polarized debates. One dispute concerns whether or not australopithecines were wholly terrestrial or retained a degree of arboreality. Another deliberation focuses on the bipedalism of australopithecines compared to modern humans: was it similar, intermediate in nature, or unique? Because of the preoccupation with discussions such as these, the significant fact that modern human walking is more than locomotion on two legs has been underemphasized.
This volume focuses on the pattern and process of the transition to the modern form of human locomotion, with its adaptations for a striding stiff-legged gait, efficiency of running, and economy of resource transport. This emerging group of contributors spanning the fields of anthropology, biology and anatomy debate issues such as:
-When and in what sequence did these morphological traits appear?
-What were the changes in the bio-behavioral complex of hominin locomotor evolution?
-What were the implications for the enhancement and expansion of hominin mobility?
1. Striders, Runners, Transporters; C.E. Hilton, D.J. Meldrum. 2. Knuckle-walking and the Origin of Bipedalism; D.R. Begun. 3. A New Hypothesis on the Origin of Hominoid Locomotion; Y. Deloison. 4. Functional Interpretation of the Laetoli Footprints; P. Schmid. 5. Fossilized Hawaiian Footprints Compared with Laetoli Hominid Footprints; D.J. Meldrum. 6. In What Manner Did They Walk on Two Legs? An Architectural Perspective For the Functional Diagnostics of the Early Hominid Foot; G. Berillon. 7. Bipedalism in Homo ergaster: An Experimental Study of the Effects of Tibial Torsion on Locomotor Biomechanics; L. Tobias Gruss, D. Schmitt. 8. The Running Fighting Dichotomy and Hominid Evolution; D.R. Carrier. 9. Exploring the Locomotor System of a Biped through a Behavioral Ecology and Life History Perspective; P.A. Kramer. 10. Age, Sex, and Resource Transport in Venezuelan Foragers; C.E. Hilton, R.D. Greaves. 11. Mobility and the locomotor skeleton at the foraging to farming transition; M.D. Ogilvie. 12. Uplifted Head, Free Hands, and the Evolution of Human Walking; H.M. McHenry.