The first full-scale treatment of the dramatic expansion of French science between 1860 and 1939. Demonstrates how the close alliance among scientists, industry, and the state affected and guided the development of science in France.
Acknowledgments; Introduction; 1. From second empire to third republic: the great scentific mutation; 2. Fata morgana: positivism in nineteenth-century French biology; 3. Biology in the University: the success of marine biology leads but to paradigm lost; 4. The industrial connection of University science; 5. Science in agriculture: an increasing role in the new land of plenty; 6. Science in the catholic universities; 7. Scientific publication: the flood of monographs, books, and journals unleashed by the new research imperative in schools and societies; 8. Science funding in the twentieth century: laying the foundations of the science empire; 9. The denouement of the 1930s: a new scientific function for the state; Notes; Bibliography; Index.