From Marx to Gramsci: A Reader in Revolutionary Marxist Politics / Edition 1

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Overview

The readings collected here—of Karl Marx, Friedrich Engels, Rosa Luxemburg, Vladimir Ilyich Lenin, Leon Trotsky, and Antonio Gramsci— reflect the experience of the labor, socialist, and communist movements that did so much to shape modern history. A dedication to working-class revolution gives coherence to the influential philosophical, economic, sociological, and historical works of these writers.

Paul Le Blanc's introductory essay probes the structure and dynamics of Marxism as a political orientation, tracing connections among components that can be found in the readings: the theory of capitalist development, the theory of the labor movement, the strategy of revolution, the conception of the transition to socialism. Others identified with the Marxist tradition—such as Plekhanov, Kautsky, Stalin, Mao—are also discussed, and attention is given to perspectives of such varied critics of Marxism as Sidney Hook, Bertram D. Wolfe, James Burnham, Daniel Bell, Robert Heilbroner, and C. Wright Mills. Historical reflections are blended with discussion of the durability of capitalism, the disappointment of hopes for workers' revolution, the "collapse of communism," issues of race and gender, the environment, and challenges of the twenty-first century.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781573924917
  • Publisher: Prometheus Books
  • Publication date: 1/28/1996
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 364
  • Product dimensions: 5.43 (w) x 8.32 (h) x 0.77 (d)

Meet the Author

This is an extremely valuable volume. It gathers in one place material from various sources and makes it accessible to the serious student. The scholarly apparatus—bibliography, short biographies, and introductory essays— make it especially useful both for the general reader and for teachers in the field. It should make a useful contribution in our struggle for human freedom."
—Prof. Dennis Brutus, University of Pittsburgh

"Paul Le Blanc's understanding of Marxism as both a 'strategic perspective and tactical orientation,' as theory and practice, provides a timely corrective to the continued emphasis on Marxism as theory, restoring a rich tradition of struggle....I will require the book for my courses on cultural studies, the rhetoric of agitation and control, and graduate seminars on topics ranging from postmodernist social theory to feminist media studies."
—Prof. Carol A. Stabile, University of Pittsburgh

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Table of Contents

Preface
Acknowledgments
Pt. 1 Introduction to Revolutionary Marxist Politics
1 The Revolutionary Marxist Synthesis 2
2 Theory of Capitalist Development 24
3 Theory of the Labor Movement 44
4 The Strategy of Revolution 67
5 The Conception of the Transition to Socialism 83
6 Does Revolutionary Marxism Have a Future? 100
Pt. 2 Readings, From Marx to Gramsci
Marx and Engels
Reading #1 Manifesto of the Communist Party 127
Reading #2 "Marx's Capital" 146
Reading #3 "Inaugural Address of the International Workingmen's Association" 152
Reading #4 "The Hague Congress of the IWA" 159
Luxemberg
Reading #5 "Stagnation and Progress of Marxism" 163
Reading #6 "Reform or Revolution?" 168
Reading #7 "Mass Strike, Political Party and Trade Union" 183
Reading #8 "On Imperialism" 190
Reading #9 "Women's Suffrage and Class Struggle" 192
Lenin
Reading #10 "The Urgent Tasks of Our Movement" 201
Reading #11 "The Revolutionary Proletariat and the Right of Nations to Self-Determination" 205
Reading #12 "The State" 208
Reading #13 "Letters from Afar" 222
Trotsky
Reading #14 "In Defense of the Russian Revolution" 239
Reading #15 The Revolution Betrayed 260
Reading #16 "The USSR and the Problems of the Transitional Epoch" 263
Reading #17 "Letter to the Workers of the USSR" 265
Reading #18 "What Next? Vital Questions for the German Proletariat" 268
Reading #19 "The Transitional Program" 272
Gramsci
Reading #20 "Real Dialectics" 284
Reading #21 "What Is to Be Done?" 285
Reading #22 "Leader" 288
Reading #23 "Once Again on the Organic Capacities of the Working Class" 291
Reading #24 Prison Notebooks: "The Modern Prince" 295
Reading #25 Prison Notebooks: "State and Civil Society" 315
Annotated Bibliography 323
Index 341
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