From Megaphones To Microphones

Overview

Until recently, scholars assumed that women stopped speaking after they won the vote in 1920 and did not reenter political life until the second wave of feminism began in the 1960s. Nothing could be further from the truth. While national attention did dissipate after 1920, women did not retreat from political and civic life. Rather, after winning the vote, women's public activism shifted from a single-issue agenda to the myriad social problems and public issues that faced the nation. As such, women began to take ...

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Overview

Until recently, scholars assumed that women stopped speaking after they won the vote in 1920 and did not reenter political life until the second wave of feminism began in the 1960s. Nothing could be further from the truth. While national attention did dissipate after 1920, women did not retreat from political and civic life. Rather, after winning the vote, women's public activism shifted from a single-issue agenda to the myriad social problems and public issues that faced the nation. As such, women began to take their place in the public square as political actors in their own rights rather than strictly campaigning for a women's issue.

This anthology documents women's activism during this period by introducing heretofore unpublished public speeches that address a wide array of debated topics including child labor, international relations, nuclear disarmament, consumerism, feminism and anti-feminism, social welfare, family life, war, and the environment. Some speeches were delivered in legislative forums, others at schools, churches, business meetings, and media events; still others before national political organizations. To ensure diversity, the volume features speakers of different ages, races, classes, ethnicities, geographic regions, and political persuasions. The volume editors include short biographical introductions as well as historical context for each selection.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780275967888
  • Publisher: ABC-CLIO, Incorporated
  • Publication date: 7/28/2011
  • Pages: 362
  • Product dimensions: 6.14 (w) x 9.21 (h) x 0.81 (d)

Meet the Author

SANDRA J. SARKELA is Professor of English and Communication at the State University of New York, Potsdam.

SUSAN MALLON ROSS is Associate Professor of English and Communication at the State University of New York, Potsdam.

MARGARET A. LOWE is Assistant Professor of History at Bridgewater State College.

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Table of Contents

Acknowledgments
Introduction
I What Next? 1920-1931 1
Jane Addams (1860-1935): Address at "Portrait Monument" Dedication (February 15, 1921) 5
Mary Church Terrell (1863-1954): The Black Mammy Monument (1923) 11
Talk to Young Men of Howard University (March 20, 1925) 15
General Federation of Women's Clubs - Early 1920s, Various Convention Speeches 19
Mrs. John P. Gooding, Chairman Forestry Division: The Conservation Department's Forestry Program (June 22, 1920) 21
Adelaide Steele Baylor: Home Economics Education (June 22, 1920) 22
Mrs. E. O. Leatherwood: Developing Better Understanding and Friendship between the Pan-Americans (1924) 23
Mrs. W. R. Alvord: Report of Department of American Citizenship (1926) 24
Florence Ellinwood Allen (1884-1966): Speech on the Outlawry of War Delivered at the Conference on Causes and Cure of War (January 18, 1925) 29
Ruth Muskrat Bronson (ca. 1897-1982): Excerpt from Miss Muskrat's Address on the North American Indian in The American Indian (February 1927) 39
Nannie Helen Burroughs (1879-1961): What the Negro Wants Politically (1928) 43
Gertrude Simmons Bonnin (Zitkala-Sa, Red Bird) (1876-1938): Speech before the Indian Rights Association (1928) 51
Elizabeth Manroe Sippel (ca. 1870-1940): Woman's Importance as an Investor of Money, Time and Leisure (January 17, 1929) 63
Florence Jaffray Harriman (1870-1967): Pond's Radio: Mrs. J. Borden Harriman (February 2, 1931) 69
II Whose New Deal? 1932-1940 75
Ruth Morgan (ca. 1880-1934): Campaign Issues Challenging Political Parties, "Challenge of the Woman Voter" (April 26, 1932) 79
Ella Reeve Bloor (1862-1951): Speech to Milk Shed Conference (1933) 85
Blanche Ames Ames (1878-1969): Statement by the President of the Birth Control League of Massachusetts (January 1935) 89
Frances Perkins (1880-1965): Social Insurance for U.S. (February 25, 1935) 93
Anna Kelton Wiley (1877-1964): Philadelphia Branch of the National Woman's Party (September 9, 1935) 103
Eleanor Roosevelt (1884-1962): What Libraries Mean to the Nation (April 1, 1936) 113
Margaret Sanger (1879-1966): Woman and the Future (January 25, 1937) 119
Mary McLeod Bethune (1875-1955): Clarifying Our Vision with the Facts (October 31, 1937) 125
Aimee Kennedy Semple McPherson (1890-1944): This Is My Task (March 12, 1939) 133
General Federation of Women's Clubs: Lucretia Mott Amendment (ERA) (1940) 143
Mrs. Helen Robbins Bitterman - For the Amendment 145
Mrs. Laura Hughes Lunde - Against the Amendment 151
Luisa Morena (1907-1992): Caravans of Sorrow (March 3, 1940) 155
III Speaking of War! 1940-1945 163
Eleanor Roosevelt: To the Democratic National Convention, Chicago (July 18, 1940) 167
Dorothy Thompson (1894-1961): The Great Democracy of the Free (October 24, 1940) 171
Hattie Caraway (1878-1950): The Lend-Lease Bill (February 27, 1941) 181
Dorothy Day (1897-1980): Address to the Liberal-Socialist Alliance in New York City (December 8, 1941) 189
Clare Booth Luce (1903-1987): The Role of American Women in Wartime (September 24, 1942) 195
Mary Anderson (1872-1964): Radio Speeches (February 22, 1942) 203
Mary Beard (1876-1946): Radio Broadcast to Nurses (July 1, 1942) 209
Ella Reeve Bloor: Women's Role in Winning the War (August 25 and 26, 1942) 213
Florence Jaffray Harriman 217
Woman and War (1941) 218
American-Soviet Friendship (December 9, 1944) 219
IV Is That All There Is? 1945-1960 223
Helen Gahagan Douglas (1900-1980): My Democratic Credo (March 29, 1946) 227
Mary Church Terrell: Testimony before the House Judiciary Committee on the Equal Rights Amendment (March 10, 1948) 239
Emily Greene Balch (1867-1961): Toward Human Unity or Beyond Nationalism (Second Part) (April 7, 1948) 241
Margaret Chase Smith (1898-1995): Addresss to Business and Professional Women's Clubs (January 3, 1949) 251
Maida Springer-Kemp (1910-): Civil Rights and Liberties (March 4, 1949) 259
Dorothy Kenyon (1888-1972): Tydings Committee Testimony (March 14, 1950) 267
Margaret M. Henderson (1911-): Women Share Service for Freedom (February 16, 1952) 275
Justine Wise Polier (1903-1987): Freedom - Not Fear (February 1, 1954) 281
Katie Louchheim (1903-1991): Standard Stump Speech (September 20, 1954) 289
Dorothy Shaver (1889-1959): Address before the Philadelphia Fashion Group (February 7, 1955) 297
Fannia Cohn (1885-1962): Talk at the ILGWU Convention (May 14, 1956) 303
Rachel Louise Carson (1907-1964): Acceptance of AAUW Achievement Award (1956) 307
Martha May Eliot (1891-1978): The Community and Its Children (1958) 313
Pauli Murray (1910-1985): Being Good Neighbors - The Challenge of the Mid-Twentieth Century (February 12, 1959) 321
Epilogue 335
App Speeches by American Women Published in Vital Speeches of the Day, October 8, 1934 - December 31, 1959 337
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