From Mesmer to Freud: Magnetic Sleep and the Roots of Psychological Healing

Overview

The discovery of magnetic sleep-an artificially induced trance-like state-in 1784 marked the beginning of the modern era of psychological healing. Magnetic sleep revealed a realm of mental activity that was not available to the conscious mind but could affect conscious thought and action. This book tells the story of the discovery of magnetic sleep and its relationship to psychotherapy.
Adam Crabtree describes how in the 1770s Franz Anton Mesmer developed a technique based on ...
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Overview

The discovery of magnetic sleep-an artificially induced trance-like state-in 1784 marked the beginning of the modern era of psychological healing. Magnetic sleep revealed a realm of mental activity that was not available to the conscious mind but could affect conscious thought and action. This book tells the story of the discovery of magnetic sleep and its relationship to psychotherapy.
Adam Crabtree describes how in the 1770s Franz Anton Mesmer developed a technique based on "animal magnetism," which he felt could cure a wide variety of ailments when the healer directed "magnetic fluid" through the body of the sufferer. In 1784 Mesmer's pupil the marquis de Puysegur attempted to heal a patient with this method and discovered that animal magnetism could also be used to induce a trance in the subject that revealed a second consciousness quite distinct from the normal waking state. Puysegur's discovery of an alternate consciousness was taken up and elaborated by practitioners and thinkers for the next hundred years. Crabtree traces the history of the discovery of animal magnetism, shows how it was brought to bear on physical healing, and explains its relationship to paranormal phenomena, hypnotism, psychological healing, and the diagnosis and investigation of dissociative phenomena such as multiple personality. He documents how the systematic investigation of alternate consciousness reached its height in the 1880s and 1890s, fell into neglect with the appearance of psychoanalysis, and is now experiencing renewed attention as a treatment for multiple personality disorders that may arise from childhood sexual abuse.
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Editorial Reviews

Booknews
The discovery of magnetic sleep--an artificially induced trancelike state--in 1784 marked the beginning of the modern era of psychological healing. Magnetic sleep revealed a realm of mental activity that was not available to the conscious mind but could affect conscious thought and action. Psychotherapist Crabtree (Centre for Training in Psychotherapy, Toronto) tells the story of the discovery of magnetic sleep and its relationship to psychotherapy. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780788197659
  • Publisher: DIANE Publishing Company
  • Publication date: 5/28/2001
  • Pages: 413

Table of Contents

Preface
I Magnetic Sleep
1 Mesmer 3
2 Animal Magnetism in France 12
3 Puysegur and the Discovery of Magnetic Sleep 38
4 Early Developments in France 54
5 Magnetic Sleep and Psychotherapy 73
5 Love, Sexuality, and Magnetic Rapport 89
II Magnetic Medicine
7 Magnetic Healing 109
8 Animal Magnetism and Hypnotism 145
III The Magnetic Psyche
9 The Paranormal 171
10 Magnetic Magic and Magnetic Spiritism 190
11 The Rise of Spiritualism 213
12 Table Turning: Speculations about Unconscious Mental Activity 236
13 Animal Magnetism and Psychical Research 266
IV Psychological Healing
14 Dual Consciousness and Dual Personality 283
15 Pierre Janet: Dissociation and Subconscious Acts 307
16 Frederic Myers: Exploring the Second Self 327
17 The Mesmeric Legacy to Freud 351
Postscript: The Alternate-Consciousness Paradigm from Freud to the Present Day 361
References 367
Index 407
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