From Monkey Brain to Human Brain: A Fyssen Foundation Symposium

From Monkey Brain to Human Brain: A Fyssen Foundation Symposium

by Stanislas Dehaene
     
 

ISBN-10: 0262042231

ISBN-13: 9780262042239

Pub. Date: 06/01/2005

Publisher: MIT Press

The extraordinary overlap between human and chimpanzee genomes does not result in an equal overlap between human and chimpanzee thoughts, sensations,perceptions, and emotions; there are considerable similarities but also considerable differences between human and nonhuman primate brains. From Monkey Brain to Human Brain uses the latest findings in cognitive

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Overview

The extraordinary overlap between human and chimpanzee genomes does not result in an equal overlap between human and chimpanzee thoughts, sensations,perceptions, and emotions; there are considerable similarities but also considerable differences between human and nonhuman primate brains. From Monkey Brain to Human Brain uses the latest findings in cognitive psychology, comparative biology, and neuroscience to look at the complex patterns of convergence and divergence in primate cortical organization and function.

Several chapters examine the use of modern technologies to study primate brains, analyzing the potentials and the limitations of neuroimaging as well as genetic and computational approaches. These methods, which can be applied identically across different species of primates, help to highlight the paradox of nonlinear primate evolution — the fact that major changes in brain size and functional complexity resulted from small changes in the genome. Other chapters identify plausible analogs or homologs in nonhuman primates for such human cognitive functions as arithmetic,reading, theory of mind, and altruism; examine the role of parietofrontal circuits in the production and comprehension of actions; analyze the contributions of the prefrontal and cingulate cortices to cognitive control; and explore to what extent visual recognition and visual attention are related in humans and other primates.

The Fyssen Foundation is dedicated to encouraging scientific inquiry into the cognitive mechanisms that underlie animal and human behavior and has long sponsored symposia on topics of central importance to the cognitive sciences.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780262042239
Publisher:
MIT Press
Publication date:
06/01/2005
Series:
Bradford Books Series
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
408
Product dimensions:
7.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 1.00(d)
Age Range:
18 Years

Related Subjects

Table of Contents

IHuman brain evolution : new methods and results1
1Surface-based comparisons of macaque and human cortical organization3
2Combined human and monkey fMRI methods for the study of large-scale neuronal networks in the primate brain21
3Evolution of the human brain and comparative cyto- and receptor architecture41
4Evolution of the human brain and comparative paleoanthropology57
5Genes, brains, and culture : from monkey to human73
IIPutative prerogatives of the human brain and their evolutionary precursors95
6Quantitative thinking : from monkey to human and human infant to human adult97
7Neural correlates of numerical cognition in the neocortex of nonhuman primates117
8Evolution of human cortical circuits for reading and arithmetic : the "neuronal recycling" hypothesis133
9Cooperative brains : psychological constraints on the evolution of altruism159
10Do monkeys understand actions and minds of others? : studies of single cells and eye movements189
IIISpace, action, and attention : the multiple functions of parietofrontal circuits211
11The mirror neuron system and its role in imitation and language213
12Organization of the posterior parietal lobe and of parietofrontal connections235
13A prototype of Homo faber : a silent precursor of human intelligence in the tool-using monkey brain253
14Parietal mechanism of selective attention in monkeys and humans273
IVCognitive control and the frontal and cingulate cortices291
15The rostral-caudal axis of cognitive control processing within the lateral frontal cortex293
16Primate anterior cingulate cortex and adaptation of behavior315
VVisual representations and the temporal lobe337
17Does the human brain process objects of expertise like faces? : a review of the evidence339
18Representation of object images by combinations of visual features in the macaque inferotemporal cortex357

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