From Monkey Brain to Human Brain: A Fyssen Foundation Symposium

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Overview

The extraordinary overlap between human and chimpanzee genomes does not result in an equal overlap between human and chimpanzee thoughts, sensations,perceptions, and emotions; there are considerable similarities but also considerable differences between human and nonhuman primate brains. From Monkey Brain to Human Brain uses the latest findings in cognitive psychology, comparative biology, and neuroscience to look at the complex patterns of convergence and divergence in primate cortical organization and function.

Several chapters examine the use of modern technologies to study primate brains, analyzing the potentials and the limitations of neuroimaging as well as genetic and computational approaches. These methods, which can be applied identically across different species of primates, help to highlight the paradox of nonlinear primate evolution — the fact that major changes in brain size and functional complexity resulted from small changes in the genome. Other chapters identify plausible analogs or homologs in nonhuman primates for such human cognitive functions as arithmetic,reading, theory of mind, and altruism; examine the role of parietofrontal circuits in the production and comprehension of actions; analyze the contributions of the prefrontal and cingulate cortices to cognitive control; and explore to what extent visual recognition and visual attention are related in humans and other primates.

The Fyssen Foundation is dedicated to encouraging scientific inquiry into the cognitive mechanisms that underlie animal and human behavior and has long sponsored symposia on topics of central importance to the cognitive sciences.

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What People Are Saying

From the Publisher
"This amazing volume modernizes Darwin by showing how closely the human and monkey brain are linked in morphology and genetics. Its chapters demonstrate that even our most impressive cognitive achievements of language, mathematics, and empathy are all illuminated by the relevant primate circuitry."—Michael Posner, Professor Emeritus, Department of Psychology, University ofOregon
Michael Posner
This amazing volume modernizes Darwin by showing how closely the human and monkey brain are linked in morphology and genetics. Its chapters demonstrate that even our most impressive cognitive achievements of language, mathematics, and empathy are all illuminated by the relevant primate circuitry.
Guy A. Orban
This remarkable volume brings together many pioneers of parallel studies of structure and function in human and monkey brains. It gives the reader a comprehensive picture of the striking similarities between our brain and that of our smaller cousins, even for higher cognitive functions. And it lays the groundwork for future studies in comparative functional imaging.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780262042239
  • Publisher: MIT Press
  • Publication date: 6/1/2005
  • Series: Bradford Books Series
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Pages: 408
  • Product dimensions: 7.00 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 1.00 (d)

Meet the Author

Jean-René Duhamel is Director of Research, Institute of Cognitive Science at CNRS,Lyon.

Marc D. Hauser is Professor of Psychology and Codirector of the Mind, Brain, and Behavior Program at Harvard University.

Giacomo Rizzolatti is Professor of Human Physiology at the University of Parma.

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Table of Contents

I Human brain evolution : new methods and results 1
1 Surface-based comparisons of macaque and human cortical organization 3
2 Combined human and monkey fMRI methods for the study of large-scale neuronal networks in the primate brain 21
3 Evolution of the human brain and comparative cyto- and receptor architecture 41
4 Evolution of the human brain and comparative paleoanthropology 57
5 Genes, brains, and culture : from monkey to human 73
II Putative prerogatives of the human brain and their evolutionary precursors 95
6 Quantitative thinking : from monkey to human and human infant to human adult 97
7 Neural correlates of numerical cognition in the neocortex of nonhuman primates 117
8 Evolution of human cortical circuits for reading and arithmetic : the "neuronal recycling" hypothesis 133
9 Cooperative brains : psychological constraints on the evolution of altruism 159
10 Do monkeys understand actions and minds of others? : studies of single cells and eye movements 189
III Space, action, and attention : the multiple functions of parietofrontal circuits 211
11 The mirror neuron system and its role in imitation and language 213
12 Organization of the posterior parietal lobe and of parietofrontal connections 235
13 A prototype of Homo faber : a silent precursor of human intelligence in the tool-using monkey brain 253
14 Parietal mechanism of selective attention in monkeys and humans 273
IV Cognitive control and the frontal and cingulate cortices 291
15 The rostral-caudal axis of cognitive control processing within the lateral frontal cortex 293
16 Primate anterior cingulate cortex and adaptation of behavior 315
V Visual representations and the temporal lobe 337
17 Does the human brain process objects of expertise like faces? : a review of the evidence 339
18 Representation of object images by combinations of visual features in the macaque inferotemporal cortex 357
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