From Taoism to Einstein: Kiand Riin Chinese and Japanese Thought. A Survey

Overview

Ki emerged first and is the thread that runs through the millennia of Chinese philosophy. Ri was added later in Sung times and, together, ki and ri became the mainstay and core of Chinese beliefs in Sun (960-1279), Ming (1279-1644) and Ch’ing (1644-1911) times. In this remarkable and inspirational study, researched over many years, the author takes the view that ki can profitably be compared with European philosophy. In China, the ki thread appears as an original ‘primal ki’ (genki), which is the source of all ...

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Overview

Ki emerged first and is the thread that runs through the millennia of Chinese philosophy. Ri was added later in Sung times and, together, ki and ri became the mainstay and core of Chinese beliefs in Sun (960-1279), Ming (1279-1644) and Ch’ing (1644-1911) times. In this remarkable and inspirational study, researched over many years, the author takes the view that ki can profitably be compared with European philosophy. In China, the ki thread appears as an original ‘primal ki’ (genki), which is the source of all things and affairs. The search is for the whole. In Greece, and later in Europe, the thinking goes in the opposite direction: it searches for the exact truth in the independent units of the cosmos, the atoms, the truth being found in the part. The study has three separate but interrelated parts. Part I delineates the ki and ri philosophy as it developed in China; Part II presents Confucian study and learning in Tokugawa Japan (1600-1868); Part III finishes with conclusions about things East and West and the situation in today’s world. From Taoism to Einstein will have wide appeal to students of Eastern religion and philosophy, as well as students of East Asian history and political science, and Chinese and Japanese studies in general.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781901903782
  • Publisher: Brill Academic Publishers, Inc.
  • Publication date: 2/16/2006
  • Pages: 240
  • Product dimensions: 6.90 (w) x 8.86 (h) x 0.99 (d)

Meet the Author

Olof Lidin, Professor Emeritus, University of Copenhagen, and former head of the university’s department of Japanese Studies, considers From Taoism to Einstein as the culmination of a life’s research and study in this field. He is also well known for his work on Ogyu Sorai, the Tokugawa Philosopher, and has published widely on the subject, including The Life of Ogyu Sorai - A Tokugawa Philosopher and Ogyu Sorai’s Journey to Kai in 1706. More recently, he published Tanegashima - The Arrival of Europe in Japan. He was President of the European Association of Japanese Studies (1982-85) and in 1996 was honoured with a Festschrift, entitled Florilegium Japonicum. Studies presented to Olof G.Lidin on the Occasion of His 70th Birthday. He continues to lecture regularly in Europe, the United States and Japan.

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Table of Contents

Acknowledgements and Thanks x
Prologue xi
Eras and Dynasties in China and Japan xvii
Part I Survey of the Neo-Confucian Ri-Ki Orthodoxy
Introduction 3
1 The Neo-Confucian Ri Doctrine 5
2 Investigation of and Knowledge of Ri 7
3 The Origin and Development of the Ri Thought 15
4 The Original Ki Thought 19
5 How Do Ri and Ki Relate to Each Other? 27
5.1 Yi T'oe-gye and the Four versus the Seven 31
6 Confucius and Mencius 32
7 The Development of Neo-Confucian Thought in China 35
7.1 The 'Five Great Masters' 36
7.2 Shao Yung 37
7.3 Chang Tsai 38
7.4 Chou Tun-i 41
7.5 Ch'eng Hao and Ch'eng I 43
8 Chu Hsi 45
9 Wang Yang-ming 49
10 Heaven, and the Way 51
11 Goodness or Benevolence (jen) 55
12 Human Nature and Kokoro 58
13 Taoism and Buddhism 61
14 Learning and Quiet Sitting 63
15 Neo-Confucian Thought in Statecraft 66
16 Neo-Confucian Historical (Ki) Realism 68
17 Later Chinese and Japanese Ri-Ki Thought 70
Part II Survey of Confucian Intellectuals in Tokugawa Japan
Introduction 77
1 Fujiwara Seika 81
2 Matsunaga Sekigo 84
3 Hayashi Razan 84
3.1 Fabian Fucan 90
4 Nakae Toju 92
5 Kumazawa Banzan 95
6 Yamazaki Ansai 99
6.1 Sato Naokata 102
6.2 Asami Keisai, Miyake Shosai and Wakabayashi Kyokai 104
6.3 Tamaki Isai (Masahide) and Takeuchi Shikibu 104
7 The Historians 105
8 Kaibara Ekken 108
9 The Ancient School Thinkers 114
9.1 Yamaga Soko 115
9.2 Ito Jinsai 118
9.3 Ito Togai 122
9.4 Ogyu Sorai 122
9.5 Dazai Shundai 128
10 Arai Hakuseki 129
11 Muro Kyuso 132
12 Practical Studies in the Genroku Era 132
13 Setchu-ha and Eighteenth-century Confucianism 134
14 The Kaitokudo Scholars 136
14.1 Tominaga Nakamoto 137
14.2 Goi Ranju 138
14.3 Nakai Chikuzan and Nakai Riken 140
14.4 Ogata Koan and the Tekijuku School 141
15 Kokugaku (Nativism) and Confucian Thought 143
16 The Mito Thought 144
17 Rational Thought 146
17.1 Ando Shoeki 147
17.2 Yamagata Daini 148
17.3 Miura Baien 149
18 The Rangaku Scholars 154
19 The Confucian Schools in the Late Tokugawa Era 156
19.1 Matsudaira Sadanobu 159
19.2 Sato Issai 160
19.3 Bito Jishu 161
19.4 Ohashi Junzo 162
20 Yamagata Banto 164
21 Political and Economic Thought in Late Tokugawa 170
21.1 Kaiho Seiryo 170
21.2 Honda Toshiaki 172
21.3 Kusama Naokata 172
21.4 Sato Nobuhiro 173
21.5 Hirose Tanso 173
21.6 Hoashi Banri 174
22 'Open Country Compromisers' - Late Tokugawa Reformists 175
23 The Meiji Era and the Twentieth Century 176
24 Okada Takehiko 179
Part III Conclusions
Conclusion I 183
Conclusion II 188
Conclusion III 189
Conclusion IV 190
Conclusion V 194
Epilogue 198
Bibliography 203
Notes 222
Glossary 252
Index 259
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