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SOURCES IN AFRICAN-AMERICAN HISTORY, a new primary and secondary source reader, includes many selections that will be familiar to you, such as THE EMANCIPATION PROCLAMATION or DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING'S LETTER FROM A BIRMINGHAM JAIL. However other documents such as Lucy Parson's 1886 speech, "I AM AN ANARCHIST" or AFRICAN AMERICANS AND ENVIRONMENTAL HISTORY: A MANIFESTO are included precisely because the rarely gain exposure beyond the gaze of a handful of experts in a particular subfield of African American history. This two-volume reader begins with medieval readings from the continent of Africa up to readings related to the events of Hurricane Katrina in 2005 to encompass the enormous breadth and range of documents that reflect on African American life in the United States.
1. AFRICAN ORIGINS. The "Golden Age" Of African History. Ibn Battuta Describes The Sultan Of Mali, Ca. 1354. Leo Africanus Describes Timbucktu, Ca. 1515. John Barbot On The Government Of Benin, 1682. Table: The Slave Trade over Four Centuries. Slavery In Global Perspective. The Slave Trade: A Slaver's Account. The Enslavement Of Venture Smith. Olaudah Equiano Describes The Middle Passage. The Middle Passage: A Slave Mutiny, 1704. Omar Ibn Seid: From Senegal To North Carolina. A Defense Of The African Slave Trade. 2. THE EVOLUTION OF BLACK SOCIETY. Color Consciousness In 16th Century England. Esteban, The Black Katsina . Isabel De Olvera Arrives In New Mexico. Virginia's First Arrivals: The Anthony Johnson Saga. A Quaker Resolution Against Slavery, 1652. A New Netherlands Peition For Freedom, 1661. Marriage In Colonial New Mexico: The Rodriguez Saga. African Vs. Indian Slavery. Of Captains And Kings: Slavery In Colonial New York. Eighteenth Century Black Slave Codes. African Slaves And The Development Of Rice Cultivation. Darien, Georgia Protest Against Slavery, 1739. The Stono Rebellion, 1739. The New York City Slave Plot, 1741: Statement Of A Condemned Man. 3. SLAVERY AND FREEDOM IN THE REVOLUTIONARY ERA. A Funeral For Crispus Attucks, Samuel Gray, Samuel Maverick And James Caldwell. Massachusetts Slaves Petition For Freedom, 1773. The Silver Bluff Baptist Church, 1773. Caesar Sarter's Essay On Slavery, 1774.Lord Dunmore's Proclamation. Colonel Tye: Black Loyalist Leader. Rhode Island Enlists Slaves In Its Militia, 1778. Petition Of New Hampshire Slaves. A Massachusetts Tax Protest Petition, 1780. The Founding Of Los Angeles. The End Of Slavery In Massachusetts, 1783. Document: George Washington Signs Discharge Papers for Pvt. Brister Baker. A North Carolina Soldier's Freedom Petition 1784. The Debate Over The Black Mind. The Poetry Of Phillis Wheatley. Founding The African Methodist Episcopal Church. The Free African Society. Benjamin Banneker Writes Thomas Jefferson. Prince Hall Speaks To Black Masons, 179. 4. AMERICAN SLAVERY. The Plantation Complex. Haiti And The Fears Of Slaveholders. A Northerner's Description Of Slavery. Two Views Of Slavery. An Alabama Lynching, 1827. The Importance Of "Breeding". Table: African American Slavery In The United States, 1790-1820. Moses Grandy On Slavery And Social Control. A North Carolina Act Prohibiting The Teaching Of Slaves To Read. Slavery And Sexual Abuse: The Saga Of Louisa Picquet. The Letters Of Enslaved Women, 1840 To 1859. Solomon Northup Describes A Slave Auction. Anti- Slavery Cartoon: Carrying Slavery. African Survivals: Slave Religious Music. Gabriel Prosser's Conspiracy. Nat Turner's Confession. Turner's Revolt: The Impact In The Slave Quarters. Slavery And Freedom In Indian Territory. Harriet Elgin And Rebecca Jones On The Underground Railroad. Table: African American Slavery In The United States, 1860. Two Fugitive Slaves Respond To Their Former Owners. Fanny Perry's Letter To Her Husband. 5. FREE BLACKS IN A SLAVE SOCIETY. Life In The Shadows. Louisiana's Free People Of Color Pledge Their Loyalty To The United States, 1804. General Andrew Jackson Praises A New Orleans Militia, 1815. African Americans And The American Colonization Society. Grace Douglass Calls For Frugal Living, 1819. Two Antebellum Black Women's Organizations. Freedom's Journal's First Editorial. A Black Woman Speaks On The Education Of Women, 1827. David Walker's Appeal, 1829. The Liberator: The First Editorial, 1831. A Library For New York' S People Of Color. Black Cincinnati Children Speak Of Slavery, 1834. Santa Anna And Black Freedom. Slavery And Freedom In Indian Territory. "Let Your Motto Be Resistance". Celebrating West Indian Emancipation Day. The North Star: The First Editorial. The Fugitive Slave Act In Practice: Rachel Parker's Kidnapping. Harriet Tubman Rescues A Fugitive Slave. Mary Ann Shad Teaches In Canada. "A Nation Within A Nation". Black Self-Esteem: The 19th Century Debate. Address To The People Of California. An Early History Of African Americans. Celebrating The End Of A Segregated School. Sara G. Stanley Addresses The Convention Of Disfranchised Citizens Of Ohio. The Dred Scott Decision. Philadephia African Americans Protest The Dred Scott Decision. Wisconsin African Americans Demand The Vote. Supporting The New Republican Party. A Plea Against Mere Money Making. Osborne Anderson Describes John Brown's Raid. John A. Copeland Awaits His Execution. 6. THE CIVIL WAR. We Are Americans. Seeking The Right To Fight, 1861-1862. Black "Contraband". The Victoria Club Ball, 1862. Robert Smalls Commandeers The Planter. David Hunter Organizes African American Troops In South Carolina. Charlotte Forten Teaches The Freedpeople. Susie King Taylor And Black Freedom. The Emancipation Proclamation. Table: A Chronology Of Emancipation, 1772 1888. Men Of Color: To Arms. The New York Draft Riot: Eyewitness Accounts. Lewis Douglass's Letter To His Sweetheart, 1863. Memphis African American Proclaim The Meaning Of Freedom, 1864. The Fort Pillow Massacre, 1864. The Second Kansas Colored Infantry At War. Sojourner Truth Meets President Lincoln. A Proposal To Enlist Blacks In The Confederate Army. A Black Soldier Describes The Fall Of Richmond, 1865. Elizabeth Keckley And Mary Todd Lincoln At The White House. Frederick Douglass: What The Black Man Wants. 7. RECONSTRUCTION. Reconstruction Amendments, 1865 1870. Felix Haywood Remembers The Day Of Jublio. The Black Codes In Louisiana. The Memphis Riot, 1866. "Send Me Some Of The Children's Hair". President Johnson And Black Leaders. Cartoon: The Freedman's Bureau Sharecropping Emerges In The Post Civil War South. Thaddeus Stevens Demands Black Suffrage. Black Voting Rights: Two Views From The Far West. The Rise Of Independent Black Churches. Hampton Institute: The Founding Of A Black College. An Anxious Aunt Writes To Nashville's Colored High School. Klan Violence In The Reconstruction South: Three Testimonies. The Ordeal Of Amanda Redmond. Frederick Douglass: The Composite Nation. Helena Citizens Celebrate Their New Rights. Black Women And Work In Philadelphia, 1871. Table: Black Reconstruction Office Holders. Francis Cardoza Urges The Dissolution Of The Plantation System. Senator Hiram Revels Calls For The End Of Segregated Schools. "All We Ask Is Equal Laws, Equal Legislation And Equal Rights". Francis Rollin Diary. Ben Tillman Justifies Reconstruction Violence. 8. INTO THE 20TH CENTURY. Black Women, Louisiana Politics and The Kansas Exodus. Willianna Hickman, Bound For Nicodemus. A Mississippi Teacher Writes To The Governor Of Kansas. Buffalo Soldiers Rescue A New Mexico Town. A Washerwomen's Strike In Atlanta, 1881. Della Irving Hayden, A Teacher In Rural Virginia. Lucy Parsons: "I Am An Anarchist". William Hannibal Thomas On Reperations, 1887. A Black Worker Calls For Racial Fairness And Then Worker Solidarity. "Organized Resistance Is Our Best Remedy". Eliza Grier: From Enslaved Woman To Medical Doctor. The Afro-American League, 1890. Labor And Race: Strikebreaking Black Coal Miners Defend. Their Actions. Ida B. Wells: Crusader For Justice. "Woman's Cause Is One And Universal". Frederick Douglass & Anna J. Cooper On Gender Equality. In The 1890s. The Atlanta Compromise Speech. Plessy V. Ferguson, 1896. Jim Crow Laws. The Conservation Of Races. The Lynching Of A Postmaster, 1898.